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Target Marketing: All you need to know



target marketing

A target market definition is simply a group of customers or organization most likely to buy a company’s product. The process of marketing to that selected group is target marketing. Target market can also be called market segmentation or Target audience. Understanding the term ‘target’: Target means ‘mark to shoot at’ as for practice. It is the category of persons or organization(s) that a company wants to have as customers. This article would help you understand the concept, types of target marketing, strategies and why it’s important to your business.

Concept of Target Marketing:

Target marketing involves the division of a market into different parts or segments. Then, focusing your sales promotion, primary works and all marketing activities on one or a few key segments. The segment consisting of customers whose needs are most suitable for your product and service offerings. This would help in the strong efficient implementation of experiential marketing

Target Marketing in Business Plan

Companies use this to learn more about their consumers, and thus, make peculiar adverts for unique groups to achieve maximum response. The products and services of the firm will be totally to serve those particular individuals, dealers or distributors. Our over 500+ business plan can give you a picture of this segment marketing as it relates to your business

Why is Target Market so important?

Tentatively, in marketing, if you are trying to talk to everyone you might not be reaching anybody. So, target marketing gives you a ground as it opens doors for you to speak directly to your defined audience; attract new and more customers.

Read Also: A comprehensive guide to Service marketing

Time and again, Target Marketing helps sellers build deeper customer loyalty. That is, the proximity between the buyer and the seller gives a clear understanding in trade and to checkmate your progress, as well as differentiating your brand from that of competitors as you find your way to the top of the business class.

Types of Target Marketing:

Target marketing can be divided into four main levels. Let’s examine them below:

1. Demographic Target Market:

This is one of the frequently used types of target marketing. It basically concerns the human population and their metamorphosis with time. Inclusively, the likes are about individual’s education, gender, age etc.

Examples of Demographic Target Market are:

Classification based on age, gender and ethnicity. A company producing women wears targets its promotional efforts to the feminine gender.

2. Behavioural Target Marketing:

This is about human conduct with respect to social norms. The way customers act and their reaction to the brand.

Examples of Behavioural Target Market:

Since this type of market is based on lifestyle preferences, the usability status is inevitable. So, this actually involves people’s purchasing and spending habits. For instance, a company producing boats, swimsuits and life jackets aims only at customers that enjoy swimming and their leisure on water.

3. Psychology Target Marketing:

This type of target marketing involves cognitive responses (or psychological profile), as well as the consumer’s income, characteristics and personality (emotions inclusive).

Examples of Psychology Target Market:

Personal goals, values, interests and priorities play a role in this type of Target Market. However, it is not easy to identify as it requires research to spot in the customers. Furthermore, considering the case of pure diamonds, gold and private jets, they are only produced for higher income earners and organization. Hence, low and average earners can use buses or wear cheaper jewelries.

4. Territory Target Marketing:

This is believed to be the simplest type of Target Marketing because it’s just based on geography. Thus, the productions are done to fit into the climate, weather and topography of the aimed consumers.

Read More: Understanding Your marketing environment

Examples of Territory Target Market:

The likes of these are location production and demands, zip-code, country choices, urban and rural investments. For example, thick and heavy sweaters or jackets are produced mostly for people residing in temperate and snowy regions to keep them warm.

Target Marketing Strategies:

These are processes in learning about your targeted customers as you find a new market and more opportunities. Target marketing strategies help you increase market share and would help you put the information into practice for effective results. This includes:

1. Buyers and Seller Analysis:

In this strategy, the company is required to have the audience of their existing consumers, interview them, and the sales team. The sales team are resourceful as they ask customers questions that aid to identify what they really want, and if they are satisfied with the products and services. To achieve this, the sellers use their web or Google page to check customers’ comments about their brand and the frequency of what they search for.

2. Buyer Persona:

A Buyer Persona is a document which customers use to fill in personal information about their age, gender, job title, commendations and challenges they have using the product and services. In this light, the seller obtains the description of its ideal customer and the exact type of consumers they want to target and attract.

3. Questioning and Identification of Brand:

This strategy drives the sellers to new marketing tactics, and to achieve this, the seller asks questions like:

What solutions can the brand provide? Answering this would help you device efficient product marketing strategies

What are the ways to beat other competitors?

What are the customers testimonies?

Which skills are we lacking?

Answers to these questions and its likes will help your brand get clear goals and draw new customers, as well as increase in profit with existing consumers.

4. Campaign and Effectiveness:

Once you find a new market you want to explore, it is advisable you do campaigns, show off your brand and do free trials. Additionally, allow people to use your product, and track the results. Consequently, you will see the customers or organizations you can specifically target. Continue the process, test and iterate.

Target Marketing Analysis:

This is a review of your noumenon customers as to understand who you will sell to. Thoughtfully, in conducting this analysis, it might be a little bit hard, but the worth is invaluable. Here are some questions to ask:

Who are my potential customers?

What are their interests and income?

When exactly do they buy my brand?

Where do they work or reside?

Why do they buy from me?

And finally, how do they act and react to the product and services?

How to do Target Market Analysis:

In relation to what you are searching for, analysis isn’t easy but try to gather enough information about your customers. To do this, use your past sales book and check out for the average purchase rate or price. Additionally, inspect when the marketing is hasty and when it’s not; the week/month you sold your brand the most and reasons to that effect. Hence, find out why your customers patronize you and why those that did stop. Try to modify ways to attract more customers. From this analysis, you can then make plans to market your brand with bold steps and confidence.

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Demarketing Ads: Types, Strategies, Examples and Case Study



demarketing ads

To many, the term demarketing ads might not ring any bells but such ads can prove invaluable in navigating some tight corners in marketing. Demarketing essentially refers to every and all wilful efforts and strategies made to reduce the demand for a product, especially in a situation, of which there are many examples, where the demand for such is greater than the producer’s ability to supply.

Perhaps, the most effective effort of demarketing is the use of advertising. Advertising is a paid-for, non-personal communication that appears on any mass media, aimed at selling an idea, product or service.
Although some authorities also consider purposely refusing to market products as demarketing; we are however more concerned with active and paid demarketing.

This article sheds some light on demarketing ads as a concept; looks at the types, strategies and examples of demarketing ads. It also answers the question of why demarketing ads are important in the business world. To effectively implement this, you would have to read our post on marketing management

Demarketing Ads

Demarketing ads are advertisements put out to discourage (but not destroy) demand for a product at a particular time. To the uninitiated, such ads might seem dangerous, counterproductive and wasteful. It is, however, important to note that behind every demarketing ad is the intent to cause some favourable effect.

Conceptually, demarketing is not new. The term has been in use in the academic world since the 1970s when Kotler and Levy coined it. In that Harvard Business Review article, Kotler and Levy described a phenomenon that hitherto had no name.

Of course, the concept of demarketing begs the question of reason; why would producers want to actively reduce sales of their products when the natural order is to sell as much?

One of the commonest reasons for demarketing is to remedy a situation in which demand exceeds the producer’s ability or desire to supply. This might be due to poor or non-existent distribution channel. Also, when selling in a particular region registers very little gain, demarketing becomes necessary in curbing the emergence of another competitor.

Sponsors also use demarketing to help consumers make healthier and more responsible buying choices. In a situation where resources need to be conserved; or where the product causes health complications, demarketing becomes necessary.

There is also the idea that demarketing is ultimately cheaper as a marketing strategy. Hoarding goods to create scarcity (a demarketing move) also increases the market value of the product.

In their 2010 MIT paper, Mikl´os-Thal and Zhang posited that in a situation where marketing costs were non-existent; the producers faced no capacity constraints; scarcity did not increase the value of products and; the seller had no competition, demarketing would still be necessary to control buyer’s perception of product quality

Types of Demarketing Ads

There are three major types of demarketing ads, namely:

General Demarketing Ads

When the sponsor of the advertisement aims to discourage all customers from demanding the product, they use demarketing ads. Governments looking to conserve scarce resources or dissuade citizens from purchasing potentially dangerous products often use such ads.

Anti-alcohol ads like the ‘Parents are Monsters’ ad on CNN; the anti-cigarettes ads like the ‘Download Cancer’ ad sponsored by American Cancer Society and the ‘Smoking Isn’t Just Suicide. It’s Murder’ ad by the Chilean Corporation Against Cancer are example of the general type of demarketing ads.

Similarly, electricity and water advertisement advising consumers to turn off the light or tap are general demarketing ads. An example is the Colgate ‘Every Drop Counts’ commercial of 2016 .

Selective Demarketing Ads

Such ads target specific types of people with the aim of discouraging them from buying a certain product. This could be in order to protect loyal customers who may be affected by sudden mass interest in a hitherto niche product.

Despite the Fair Housing Act in the US, many complaints were lodged against certain ads which claimed (by stating or implying) not to be interested in catering to the needs of low income earners or families with children.

Ostensible Demarketing Ads

Although, artificial scarcity can be created with company policies and what not, putting out advertisements to that effect can really send home the point. This type of demarketing ads tend to however create cases of panic-buying, especially if it is an essential product.

Amazon and Modcloth advertise products on their websites with phrases like ‘only 2 left in stock’ and ‘back in stock’ which consumers interpret as ‘you’d better get it now’.

Demarketing Ads Strategies

Price Discriminating Demarketing Ads Strategy

Producers can structure demarketing ads so that certain people pay more than others for the same product. especially with online ads that require you to click to purchase.

Companies like Bolt (Taxify) use price discrimination strategy, selecting a popular location as your destination might incur a larger fare than a less popular location near it. Dell sold the same computers for different prices depending on the kind of customer you registered as. Pay-per-click ads also been touse price discriminating demarketing ads strategy.

Bait and Switch Demarketing Ads Strategy

Advertising two products in such a way that consumers are persuaded to buy one instead of the other is regarded as bait and switch demarketing. One product is advertised in an unattractive way (usually, with an unattractive price) just to push consumers to buy the other. This strategy is often unethical and illegal.

Read More: Ansoff marketing matrix explained: Practical examples, theories and strategy

Phone companies like Samsung and Apple often advertise their expensive flagship phones alongside cheaper higher mid-range phones in order to sell more units from the mid-range line. Consumers often come away feeling they are getting the bang for their buck.

Stock Outage Demarketing Ads Strategy

Stock outages are very advantageous to sellers because it gives them the opportunity to make increment in the prices of goods. Also, consumers tend to buy more when they think that scarcity is impending.
Starbucks’ ‘unicorn frappuccino only available for a few days’ ad on its website caused Starbucks to see a lot of orders from customers and the drink quickly sold out within the first day.

Crowding Cost Demarketing Ads Strategy

This demarketing ads strategy is usually employed during festive periods like Thanksgiving, Easter and Christmas where such sales events like Black Friday are held. Ads are put out to target people who are willing to pay more to bypass the teeming crowds expected on such occasions.

Differentiation Demarketing Ads Strategy

This involves publicly announcing unlikely marketing decisions targeted at the 4Ps of marketing, namely price, place, product and promotion. In this demarketing ads strategy, ads might announce an increase in price, unfavourable condition in a particular place or with a particular product or altogether refuse to market their products.

Demarketing Ads Examples

More real-world examples of demarketing ads include:

  • ‘Are you Pouring on the Pounds?’ ad by New York City Health Department aimed at discouraging consumers from buying popular sugary beverages.
  • ‘Secondhand Smoke is Firsthand Death’ ads targeted at parents who smoke, encouraging them to quit buying cigarettes and so doing, stop endangering their children.
  • ‘Cancer Cures Smoking’ ad by the Cancer Patients Aid Association.
  • ‘Check Yourself Before You Wreck Yourself’ ad aimed at discouraging consumers from buying alcohol.
  • Anti-marijuana ad by the Office of National Drug Control Policy and Partnership for a Drug-Free America (now known as Partnership for Drug-Free Kids).

Demarketing is the conscious act of unselling a product by reducing the desire people have for it. Demarketing ads can be a useful marketing tool if used properly.

Read more on marketing

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Marketing information system

Somethings in life are very essential and one of them is information. So, just like you need the information to carry on normal day-to-day activities; business owners and marketers need information from the marketing information system to optimize their activities. So, let’s dig into this subject.


Basically, the marketing information system is designed to serve as an aid in the marketing activities of a company. It’s a system that’s designed to gather, store, analyze, and send out market information to marketers regularly and continuously. Changes in the marketing environment are dynamic. Hence, marketers need to stay up to date with these changes. So, they can make wise and evidence-based decisions.

Read more: Marketing Management (All you need to know)


The components of the marketing information system are an interconnected framework; that interact with one another to continuously feed the marketing information system. So, they are essential for the proper functioning of the marketing information system. And they are as follows.

  1. Internal intelligence system:

    This component of the marketing information system provides information to marketers from the internal records of the company. Every information gathered by a company in its daily operation is handy for the marketers. For example, sales records of sales representatives can tell marketers a lot. And examples of marketing information that can be gathered from such are, periods of highest sales, location with the highest sales, etc.
  2. Market intelligence system:

    This informs marketers about the current sitrep of the market. Hence, using this sitrep they will know the necessary adjustment to make. Examples of the marketing information here are current market trends, competitor’s pricing, new products, and their effect in the market, customer appealing promotion strategies. Sources of these could be by purchasing competitor’s product, interviewing the channel partners like retailers, obtaining relevant government data.
  3. Marketing research:

    This component of marketing information involves more activeness than the aforementioned. So, in an attempt to garner more details about a marketing environment or solve a brand problem in the market. A company conducts market research that can involve primary or secondary data collection. For example, questionnaires, surveys, etc.
  4. Marketing decision support system:

    These are applications that enable marketers to analyze the big data they have gathered from other components of the marketing information system. So, they automate the statistical calculations and some even predict the direction of the market based on some predictive algorithm.

Read more: Download 500+ business plans for any business


As you already know, marketing research is a component of the marketing information system. And it’s that component that helps gather information about the marketing environment. However, for marketing research to be handy and high yield is should have the following features.

  1. Searches for relevant data:

    Good marketing research should search for relevant data. For example, if the research is through a questionnaire, the questionnaire should ask the relevant questions. So, a good way to achieve this is by asking yourself what problem will this question help solve while designing the questionnaire.
  2. Should be systematic:

    This entails that every process of marketing research should be orderly planned and orderly executed.
  3. Should be objective:

    Marketing research that has lots of error isn’t just a waste of resources it can also cause a big loss for the company in the future. And lack of objectivity is a cause of this. So, to be high yield; marketing research should be objective.
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CMO (Chief Marketing Officer): Definition, Job Description, Skills, Salary





Whether to achieve market penetration, brand promotion, or any other marketing goal of a company. It’s apparent that the role of a marketing team is pivotal in a company. And just like every other C-level position of a company the Chief Marketing Officer is in charge of the marketing team. So, what should you know about this position? The job description, the skills. Let’s iron out your questions with this post.


A CMO (chief marketing officer) is the C-level executive who is responsible for planning, developing, implementing, and monitoring the marketing activities of a company. So, the position of CMO is vital to every company. Because they are the guys that know ins and outs, pros and cons of the market a company wants to function in.


Basically, the CMO’s job description involves overseeing the marketing team’s activities and reporting to the CEO of the company. The list below shows a customizable template of a CMO’s job description.

  • Set marketing goals and objectives
  • Research on the target market of the company
  • Keep the marketing strategies of competitors in check
  • Create, plan, implement the company’s marketing strategies
  • Work with the sales team
  • Review and analyze companies marketing strategies for improvements
  • Know the latest technology and best practices

Also, in some companies, sales management is incorporated as part of the job description of a CMO.


The CMO’s salary varies based on the company with big companies giving out the big pay. So, basically, the salary of a CMO is dependent on the company’s budget. And the range for the CMO’s salary in the US varies wildly. With top CMOs earning as high as 15 million USD per year. However, on the average the CMO’s salary in the US is just over a hundred and seventy thousand USD per year.

Read more: Download 500+ business plans for any business


The marketing environment is dynamic, affected by many factors that can throw a company off if they are neglected. The chief marketing officer is the C-level cooperate executive whose functions interact most with the market environment. So, they, the chief marketing officers, need some essential skills that will keep their company in the industry and also keep them as a CMO in the future.

  1. Constant consumer observation:

    The consumers are a major force in the market. Even loyal customers are easily by better products that satisfy their needs. So, the smart CMO should always keep watch at the interest of consumers in his industry. Because this will help him make the right decisions in his marketing activities.
  2. Data aficionados:

    Data about the market and about every of the company’s marketing activities are very important to the CMO. Because they are needed for better judgement in the next marketing activities of a company. Also, CMO that’s a data aficionado can easily defend any of his marketing activities in corporate meetings.
  3. Innovation and creativity:

    Creativity and innovation make marketing activity unique. For example, when most big companies go into experiential marketing, they rarely copy an old idea that has been done by another company. Copycatting a rival suggests the mediocrity of your company in the minds of consumers.
  4. Flexibility in tech adoption:

    Technology has proven itself, several times, as a facilitator of activities. Therefore, a smart CMO must realize the power in every new technology and how it can foster his marketing activities. Hence, dropping old ones when necessary and picking up new ones.
  5. Resilience:

    Depression can manifest as a result of failure in a marketing activity. As a CMO, marketing is a war and your job is to make your company the best in the market. So, in an attempt to do this you can lose some battles, and win some. However, make sure you win the major battles and to do this, your resilience should be top-notch in the face of failure.
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