ADOPTION IN THE US: Cost, Requirements, Agencies & Guide

Image credit: American Adoptions

The process of adopting a child can be challenging for parents, but the rewards of this experience are immeasurable. One of the initial challenges that prospective adoptive parents face is comprehending the various adoption options available in the United States and selecting the one that aligns with their preferences and needs. Also, for individuals who are in the early stages of learning about adoption in the United States or embarking on the adoption journey, it is natural to have inquiries regarding the process and its workings. Read on to learn about the cost of adoption in the US, its requirements, and the infant US adoption agencies. So, let’s delve right in!


There are currently around 5 million adoptees living in the United States. The percentage of the general public is merely 2%, which may appear to be a relatively insignificant figure. However, the scope of adoption’s influence extends far beyond that. According to estimates, a significant proportion of Americans, approximately 60%, have direct or indirect involvement with adoption, either through their family, acquaintances, or other members of their social circle.

People may not realize how much adoption changes the US. Adoption isn’t the most popular option for unwanted pregnancies, but its impact on society is huge. Moreover, the child welfare adoption process is a significant avenue for families seeking to adopt in the United States, impacting the lives of millions. Adoption is a prevalent aspect of American society that transcends various professions and social statuses, ranging from politicians and famous individuals to teachers and building workers. Many parents who are eager to start a family but are unable to conceive a child of their own often turn to adoption as a viable option. Adoption provides a way for hopeful parents to fulfill their dreams of becoming parents and creating a loving family.

Cost of Adoption in the US

The act of welcoming a child into one’s home is a precious and invaluable gift. When contemplating adopting a child, it’s important to think about the cost that could come up. The cost of adopting a child can vary greatly depending on several factors such as the adoption method chosen, geographical location, and the age of the child in question. Adopting a child doesn’t necessarily have to be a costly affair. The cost associated with adoption in the US are contingent upon the specific type of adoption one chooses to pursue. When contemplating adoption, it’s important to bear in mind that there are various payment methods available, ranging from fundraising and offers to personal loans.

#1. Adopting a Child Through the Foster Care System

If a child meets the requirements to be adopted through the foster care system, they may be eligible for help from the government and Medicaid. This can make it easier on your finances once the child joins your family and you have to pay for child care.

#2. Domestic Adoptions

The cost of domestic infant adoption, facilitated either through an adoption agency or a private attorney, typically falls within the range of $20,000 to $45,000. It is contingent upon the geographical location and the specific agency or attorney selected.

#3. International Adoptions

International adoption can present legal challenges for LGBTQ+ individuals and couples. The costs associated with this option can vary depending on the birth country of the kid being adopted. Frequently, the expenses fall within the range of $35,000 to $70,000.

#4. Adopting Through a Private Agency

The price range falls between $30,000 and $60,000. The expenses encompassed in this process comprise home research, legal costs, therapy for the couple’s parents, healthcare costs for the parents, education for the parents, and social welfare services. It is imperative to note that each agency has its unique fee structure. Therefore, it is crucial to engage in discussions and comprehend the fee structures while deciding on the agency to collaborate with.

#5. Healthcare Adoptions 

The estimated cost ranges from $25,000 to $45,000. The expenses encompass residence study, healthcare costs of the birth mother, and legal fees.

Adoption in the US Requirements

When contemplating adoption  in US, it is crucial to familiarize yourself with the requirements. The requirements for adoption in the US can be different depending on where you live, which adoption service you choose, and what kind of adoption you want. This comprehensive guide on adoption requirements in US will assist you in navigating the process with ease.

  • Adopted child’s original birth certificate (if one exists).
  • Prospective Parents’ birth certificates
  • Permission to abuse a child
  • Parental death certificates (where applicable)
  • Divorce papers (if relevant)
  • Prospective parents’ statement of income and expenses
  • All adult members of the household’s criminal background checks 
  • Residential study of potential adoptive parents
  • Police clearance certificate
  • Consent to act as agent
  • Citizenship documentation for adopted child
  • Statement of age
  • The child’s proof of nationality
  • Investigation of the child’s orphan status and documentation of their orphan status abroad
  • Legal custody documentation
  • The employment verification process

Infant Adoption in the US

When people discuss the process of infant adoption in the US, they can use multiple terms interchangeably. It is common to come across the terms “private adoption,” “domestic adoption,” and “infant adoption” in the adoption process. Do these two items refer to identical entities? In general, the answer is affirmative. However, most people use these terms interchangeably.

Infant adoption pertains to a particular scenario where parents opt to adopt a baby below the age of 6 months from within the US. To be more precise, a significant proportion of infant adoptions take place in the hospital immediately after delivery. There are two distinct ways of infant adoption in the US, they include the following:

#1. Agency Adoptions

When collaborating with an infant adoption agency in the US, a single adoption expert will oversee and manage the entire adoption process. Adoption agencies offer a comprehensive range of services to assist you throughout the adoption journey. These services include but are not limited to connecting you with a birth mother, collaborating with an adoption lawyer to ensure legal compliance, offering services for case management, and more. In addition to facilitating communication between you and a birth mother, an adoption agency can offer valuable assistance and guidance throughout the adoption process. This can help minimize the likelihood of adoption disruption and ensure a smoother experience for all parties involved.

#2. Private Adoption

In certain cases, families may opt for private adoptions, which involves proceeding without the involvement of an agency, if they have already established a relationship with a birth mother. When faced with such situations, families must look for an investigation provider and an adoption attorney from alternative sources since both are essential for the adoption process to be finalized. Moreover, it is important to note that any further assistance or guidance for the expectant mother or the adoptive parents must be sought from an external source.

Us Adoption Agencies

Adoption agencies are organizations, whether for-profit or not-for-profit, that provide comprehensive assistance to families seeking to adopt. Their services encompass all aspects of the adoptions process. There are US adoption agencies that specialize in domestic adoptions, while others provide services for foreign as well as domestic adoptions. An authorized adoption agency with a good reputation possesses a comprehensive understanding of the adoption process and the relevant laws. Adoption agencies help with screenings, paperwork, home studies, negotiations, and post-placement processes. That is to say, with their guidance, prospective adoptive parents can navigate the entire process with ease and confidence. Below are the various US adoption agencies:

#1. Bethany Christian Church Services

In the United States and other parts of the world, Bethany Christian Services works to assist in the formation of families. Additionally, they offer a multitude of programs to support families that are keen on providing either a long-term or short-term home for a child who is in need. So, if you are interested in becoming a foster parent with their organization and would like more information, you can get in touch with them at any time through their official site or by calling (800) 238-4269.

#2. Adoptions through Holt International

Holt International is a Christian nonprofit organization that works in over a dozen different nations to strengthen the family unit. Since they also do foreign home studies and post-placement services, families who want to adopt won’t have to talk to a different expert to finish this important step in the process. Families with high hopes can also get more information by calling 816-822-2169.

#3. Adoptions in the United States

American Adoptions is one of the infant adoption agencies that provides a comprehensive range of services and holds all necessary licenses. They have clients all around the United States who are adoptive families as well as prospective birth parents. They provide several important services, some of which are their risk-sharing scheme for adoptive families, their focus on providing birth parent assistance around the clock, their fast wait times, and a great deal more. 

#4.Coalition in Support of Children

Coalition for Children can assist prospective parents and pregnant women across the US who are considering various adoptions in a variety of ways, including locating chances to adopt and giving counseling to birth parents. 

#5. Children of all World

Children of All Nations is now accepting applications for adoptive parents through several different programs. They also provide services that are not related to various adoptions, such as a program for re-adopting children. Take a peek at their photo listing so that you can get started right away. You may also contact them via telephone at the number 512-323-9595.

Can a Foreigner Adopt Baby in USA?

It is a requirement to hold U.S. citizenship. Individuals who are not married are required to be a minimum of 25 years of age. In the event of a marriage, it is mandatory to engage in joint adoption of the child, regardless of separation status, provided that divorce has not been finalized. Additionally, it is required that your spouse is either a U.S. citizen or holds legal status within the United States.

Is It Hard to Adopt an Infant in America?

According to experts, the process of adopting a newborn is highly achievable. However, it is important for parents who are waiting to familiarize themselves with the various adoptions process and explore all available options. It is a common practice among prospective parents to explore multiple avenues simultaneously while waiting to adopt. This may involve submitting the necessary documentation to an adoption agency while also irrespective networking to expand their options.

Can a US Citizen Adopt a Child From Nigeria?

It is a requirement in Nigeria that you file an adoption application to the Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development in the state from which you desire to adopt a child. This is the case even if you are deemed fit and eligible to adopt the immigration laws of the United States.

Which Country Is Easiest to Adopt From?

In South Korea, a highly efficient adopting system is in place that facilitates the placement of children as young as 6-12 months old, as well as those with special needs. Eligible parents must meet the following criteria: they must be in good health, have been married for a minimum of three years, and be between the ages of 29 and 49. The Bahamas is a picturesque island nation that has a significant number of orphans, ranging from six weeks old and above, who require permanent homes and families.

Can I Adopt a Child From Africa to USA?

Yes, but it is necessary to have a primary healthcare provider. Individuals seeking to adopt a child from another country, either through a Convention or orphan adoptions, are required to engage the services of different adoptions firm that can guarantee the provision of all various adoptions services. This applies even in cases where the child being adopted is a concerning the potential adoptive parents.



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