Table of Contents Hide
- High-Water Mark Definition
- How it Works
- High-Water Mark vs Hurdle Rate
- High-Water Mark vs Examples
- Ordinary High-Water Mark
- High-Water Mark Hedge Fund
- High-Water Mark Gettysburg
- High-Water Mark Portland
This article explains better about the high-water mark, the height of water over the land. Further explanation is done on how high-water mark works, high-water mark vs hurdle rate, ordinary high-water mark, high-water mark hedge fund. Including high-water Gettysburg and Portland. Everything you need to know is right here in this article. Keep reading!
High-Water Mark Definition
The high-water mark is the point where the ocean rises the most on land. These marks are usually caused by floods. But, the high-water mark may reflect the highest annual water level in history (the highest water level in a year) or other hourly highs. However, knowing the highest water level in an area can help you prepare for a tsunami. Most especially when managing development activities in the area.
Flood due to high-water mark has been measured for planning purposes, at least since ancient Egyptian civilization. It is common practice to create a physical marker that features one of the highest watermarks in the region. Generally, this is where the water rises and the date with the highest watermark will be displayed. However, it can be a separate flood indicator or other indicators.
Another Term Definition of High-water Mark
However, the term high-water mark is often used in performance-based fund manager compensation. The high-water mark can ensure that managers will not get considerable benefits from performance. If the manager loses money within a certain period of time, he must obtain the highest level of funds before he can receive the asset under management (AUM) performance bonus.
You can still define the high-water mark as the highest level of value your investment account or portfolio has reached. Notwithstanding, this is commonly used as a threshold to determine if a fund manager can charge a performance fee. Perhaps, investors benefit from the high-water mark because they do not double pay performance-based bonuses for poor performance or the same outcomes. Meanwhile, let’s see how it works below.
How it Works
This is how the high-water mark works. Only when the fund’s rate of return reaches a new high compared to the benchmark, will it receive successful compensation. When this happens, (watermark) will be reset at this level. But, in a case the fund loses its value and then increases again (watermark), this will only make up for the previous loss, so there will be no success fee for this increase in value.
Investors typically pay fixed management fees and performance-based fees to fund managers. However, the management fees are calculated based on the fixed interest rate of the assets under management. But the performance fees are calculated based on the growth rate of AUM over a period of time. The fund management agreement contains a clause detailing these costs to protect the interests of investors.
High-Water Mark vs Hurdle Rate
High-water mark vs hurdle rate. First, the hurdle rate is the minimum return a fund manager must achieve in order to receive a performance bonus.
For example, if a mutual fund increases from USD 1,000,000 to USD 1,040,000, the annual return is 4% and the incentive rate is 20%, the investor must pay an execution fee of USD 8,000 (USD 40,000 * 20%). ). If the threshold percentage is 5%, the return will not exceed the threshold percentage and investors will not have to pay any performance fees.
In addition to the high-water mark, how it works, it can help investors pay performance fees that are below expected returns. The main difference is that at the top the performance fee for this period can be influenced by the previous success of the fund. However, the current performance bonus is below the base rate and is independent of the fund’s past return.
The above explained high-water mark vs hurdle rate, the difference.
High-Water Mark vs Examples
For example, an investor invests in a hedge fund, which charges a 20% execution fee. This is very common in the industry. Assuming that an investor invests $500,000 in a fund, the fund’s return rate in the first month is 15%. Therefore, the initial investment of the investor is 575,000 US dollars. Investors must pay a 20% commission for this $75,000 profit. That’s $15,000.
At this time, the maximum watermark for a particular investor is $575,000, and the investor must pay $15,000 to the portfolio manager.
Another Example Below Based On The First Example Above
Let’s assume the fund loses 20% next month. The value of the investor account has fallen to $460,000. This is the importance of the high-water mark. There is no success reward for profits between $460,000 and $575,000 only after passing the watermark. However, it is said that the fund made unexpectedly 50% of its profits in the third month. In this sparse scenario, the value of the investor account increased from $460,000 to $690,000. In the absence of a watermark, the investor would have to pay 20% of the revenue from $460,000 to $690,000. This will be in addition to the original $15,000 fee which equates to 20% of the profit of $230,000 or an additional $46,000 of success pay.
Ordinary High-Water Mark
The term ordinary high-water mark stands as water fluctuations which are shown by physical properties. These physical properties include clear natural lines such as embankments, shelves, changes in soil properties, destruction of land plants. However, it also includes the presence or other appropriate means of considering the presence or properties of litter and debris. Meanwhile, this definition is basically the same as the definition of the term “ordinary high-water mark” in “33 CFR Section 329.11. Which describes the U.S. tides, waters where various navigations are possible. It is subject to the Rivers and Ports Act (RHA) 9 and 10 of 1899.
High-Water Mark Hedge Fund
In hedge funds, investors pay hedge fund managers two types of fees, administrative compensation, and incentive compensation. They usually charge an administrative fee of 1 to 2% of the fund’s net worth. Basically, this amount is paid regardless of the fund’s performance. Meanwhile, the hedge fund manager also charges an incentive fee of 20% of the profit. The above fee is “2 to 20”, which means 2% administrative fee and 20% fund profit. Now, compared to mutual funds, the fee structure of hedge funds is very high.
The concept of a high-water mark hedge fund, therefore, provides that hedge fund managers only receive incentive fees. This takes effect only if the fund exceeds the previously realized maximum net asset value. Mainly, the reason is to prevent incentives for profits that have been used to offset losses in recent years. Assuming the percentage of hindrances is 6%, the reward fee is the income after deducting the administration fee. Meanwhile, the fund started with only assets of $100.
High-Water Mark Gettysburg
The rebellion’s high-water mark Gettysburg monument is to the east of the small bushes south of Gettysburg (Hancock Avenue Part 3 Tourist Map). The Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association built a memorial monument in 1892. It showed two pages, listing the units of both parties that participated in the long street raid on July 3, 1863, opened in the form of a huge bronze book. Meanwhile, the book stands on a stone pedestal equipped with a tablet computer.
Looking at the above explanation, you will understand what high-water mark Gettysburg stands for. It also gives you a slight insight on the basics you need on high-water mark Gettysburg. Let’s go further dig on this topic.
High-Water Mark Portland
This is a punk and metal-style place where you can watch performances such as concerts and dance parties at any time. The high water mark also offers different meat and vegetarian menus, a free pool table, and a hot compress terrace. Of course, we also provide many Satanaroke (heavy metal karaoke).
The bar’s menu is for vegetarian cuisine. The cooked nachos, salads, and tacos are worth seeing. Based on reviewers’ opinions, the waiters serve high-quality beers. Success in this place would be impossible without great staff. Realized professional service in the opinion of the visitor. You love the price of democracy. However, at the high-water mark portland, you will always look forward to a great atmosphere. Meanwhile, Google users have rated this article 4.5.
Since the foundation of the fund, the high-water mark is the highest return that the fund has achieved compared to the benchmark. Guess this article answers a lot of your questions on the high-water mark, how it works, a high-water mark hedge fund. Also, high-water mark Gettysburg. Find it helpful? Like & share!