CO-SIGNER: Definition and How to find a Cosigner for your Loans


A co-signer is someone who, along with the borrower, assumes full responsibility for a loan. If the principal borrower fails to make payments, the co-signer will be held financially liable for the debt’s repayment. A co-signer typically has a good credit score and history. This assists the primary borrower in obtaining a loan to buy a house, or a car, or to take out a personal loan or a student loan. In any case, having you on the application can improve the primary borrower’s chances of acceptance, especially if they have bad credit or limited financial resources.
Unfortunately, co-signing may not be as advantageous to you. In truth, there are several hazards associated with being a co-signer. If you’ve been asked to be one, it’s critical to understand your requirements and responsibilities as a co-signer before signing any paperwork.

What Is a Co-Signer?

When another person, generally a friend or family member, is unable to qualify for a loan on their own, a co-signer steps in. This could be because they’re young and haven’t yet developed a credit history, or it could be because they’ve had financial troubles in the past and their credit has suffered as a result.

A co-signer acts as a backup plan for the lender. They usually have good credit and a steady income. Lenders are more likely to approve a loan when two people are accountable for repaying it. At least one of them is a highly qualified borrower.

Why Cosigners Are Beneficial

If you are an overseas student intending to apply for a loan in the United States, practically all lenders will require you to have a cosigner. On the other hand, if you are a US citizen student, a cosigner might raise your chances of acceptance and improve the interest rate given. Many students, particularly undergraduates, have a low income and no credit score. Whether or not you need a cosigner, there are two main reasons why a cosigner can help you with your foreign student loan:

  • Cosigners can increase the likelihood of approval.
  • Cosigners can help you lower your interest rate.

What Is the Process of Getting a Loan with a Co-Signer?

When a co-signer is present, lenders are more likely to give favorable loan terms, such as a reduced interest rate, more flexible repayment terms, and cheaper costs.

If you default on the loan, the lender has the right to sue both you and your co-signer for the money. You are both equally liable for repaying the entire sum borrowed.

Borrowers’ Loan Requirements

One of the most important elements in loan approval is your borrowing history. Lenders want to verify that you’ve borrowed money in the past and paid it back on time. Similarly, they want to know if you are currently delinquent on any loans. If you’re already in financial problems, they’ll be hesitant to sanction more loans.

Lenders will also want to check that you have enough income to repay your loans. This is both any existing loans and the new loan you’re seeking for. They compute a debt-to-income ratio, which examines how much of your monthly income is now allocated to debt payments. In the case of qualifying for a mortgage, the smaller the percentage, preferably no more than 43 percent, the better.

Your debt-to-income ratio is calculated by dividing your total monthly debt payments by your gross monthly income before taxes. It would be 25% if you earned $4,000 per month and spent $1,000 of that on debt repayment.

Co-Signers Disadvantages

A co-signer is responsible for a loan even if they never make a payment. Therefore their credit record suffers as a result. Future lenders will notice on their credit reports that the individual co-signed and may be required to repay this loan. This might mean the difference between approval and rejection.

Co-signers should be quite certain that they will not need to borrow in the next few years, or that they have sufficient income and credit that an additional loan on their credit record will not have a significant impact.

If the co-signer is unable or unwilling to repay the loan and the primary borrower defaults, the co-credit signer will suffer. It’s as though they applied for and received the loan themselves. If the loan is not paid, the lender will record the missing payments to credit bureaus, and the co-previously signer’s good credit will suffer.

This can be a concern if the borrower skips a few payments without finding the co-signer. The co-signer may never have to pay anything, but missing payments may still harm their credit, and they may not be aware of this until they apply for a new loan.

Finding a Co-Signer

Begin with friends, family, and anyone else who will stand up for you if you need a co-signer. You need someone who is eager to assist you and knows you well enough to take the risk. Consider those that trust in you and know how hard you’ll work to repay the loan.

The ideal co-signer is a seasoned borrower with enough extra cash to cover your loan in the worst-case situation.

Family members may know you better than anybody else, but they must be financially secure as well. It’s pointless to ask someone with terrible credit (or no income) to co-sign. Strong credit boosts your application, and a decent income serves as a safety net in case your life takes an unexpected turn.

When you ask for assistance, be open and honest. This is not the time to be embarrassed about your finances. Consider revealing your income and employment information because these will define your ability to repay the loan on your own.

Make certain you understand how your loan works, including the monthly payments, total interest expenses, and other aspects. Is the lender willing to let the co-signer go after a specific number of on-time payments? Discuss these specifics with your potential co-signer.

Don’t be surprised if no one wants to co-sign for you. Many people find it too dangerous. Even if they want to help, they may not feel comfortable putting their future or the finances of their family at risk.

If You Are unable to Find a Co-Signer

If you require a co-signer but don’t have one, there may be other possibilities. You may notice your credit score rise after taking steps to develop credit, but this will need you to wait a bit before borrowing. Take out little loans, pay them off, and then do it again. You can even increase your chances of approval by using tactics such as obtaining a cash-secured loan.

If you hold something valuable and pledge it as collateral for the loan, you may be able to borrow against its value. Lenders demand security, whether it’s in the form of a co-signer or an asset that they may seize and sell to recoup their losses. Of course, this is hazardous since if you default on the loan, you will lose the asset.

Consider taking out a lesser loan. You may be approved since smaller loans mean lower payments, which your salary may be able to sustain.

You might be able to get a secured credit card without the help of a co-signer. Secured cards often require a deposit and have a lower credit limit, but using such a card properly can help you establish your credit history and score.

What Is the Relationship Between Interest Rates and Cosigners?

Lenders that require a cosigner will assess your application during the application process to determine whether they are willing to grant a student loan. The lender will determine whether they feel they will be paid back by reviewing the borrower’s and cosigner’s financial history and asking:

  • Is the student loan application going to be approved?
  • If so, what is the interest rate that will apply?

The cost of borrowing money is represented by the interest rate. The interest rate can fluctuate within a range depending on the creditworthiness of both the cosigner and the borrower. Someone with good credit will receive a lower interest rate since the lender is taking on less risk.

Is it Necessary for me to Pay for a Co-signer?

Several services and individuals provide co-signing services, where you can pay someone to co-sign for you, but use caution if you decide to use this option. You’ll pay a little charge, and if you default, the co-signer will be responsible for repaying the entire amount of your loan. If something appears to be too good to be true, it most likely is.

People who promise to co-sign may be swindlers. Be wary of anyone who asks for your bank account number or similar information, or who demands upfront payment with no method of ensuring that they follow through on the arrangement. Consider why this individual would be prepared to go out on a limb for someone they don’t even know in exchange for such a small fee.

Can I get rid of a Cosigner without Refinancing?

A co-signer can be removed without refinancing. However, the lender will almost always demand the borrower to refinance the loan. This is because the borrower is unlikely to qualify for the same rate and terms without the cosigner, according to Marlowe.

How can I tell whether I’m a Co-signer?

If you’re wondering whether you’ve ever been a co-signer, there are a few telling clues.

According to Rich Tambor, chief risk officer of OneMain Financial, “co-signers are obliged to sign loan documentation explaining the terms and conditions of the commitment.” “You must also sign and get a copy of the Notice to Co-Signer, which is a notice required by the Federal Trade Commission to be sent to you.”

What’s the bottom line? You cannot be co-signed without your knowledge and approval.

Is it possible that becoming a Co-signer will harm your credit?

Yes, being a co-signer for someone else’s loan can harm your credit.
“Co-signers should understand that the loan will appear on their credit reports and that they are legally accountable for payment,” says Mike Boyle, vice president of loan operations at debt reduction provider Freedom Financial Network. “Additionally, if the co-signer wants to apply for a loan on his or her own — whether a home, vehicle, personal, or whatever else — the outstanding debt could have an impact on the application.”

Rights and Duties of Co-signer

If you’re thinking about co-signing a loan for someone you know, you should first understand your rights and duties as a co-signer.

#1. Property ownership

Unfortunately, being a co-signer does not grant you ownership of the home, automobile, or other security that the loan is paying for. You’re merely a financial guarantor, and if the original signer fails to return the obligation, you’re next in line.

#2. Repayment of debts

The most crucial thing to remember is that you are financially responsible. Though the principal borrower should make the loan’s scheduled monthly installments, this does not guarantee that they will. If they don’t, it’s up to you to pick up the slack. You may also owe fines, late fees, additional interest, and other fees depending on how late they are.

#3. Consideration of the Application

When you agree to become a co-signer for someone, your credit history, credit score, income, debts, job, and other financial facts are all likely to be evaluated as part of the loan application. As a result, when the primary borrower submits their application, you will very certainly be subjected to a rigorous credit check.

#4. The effect of credit

Because any actions on the loan are linked to both the primary borrower’s and your credit reports, functioning as a co-signer can ultimately harm your credit score if the borrower makes late payments.

Being a co-signer, on the other hand, can assist enhance your credit score if the borrower routinely makes on-time payments.

#5. Exclusion from the loan

You can request a co-signer release if the principal signer on the loan stops making payments or falls behind. This is a paper that the principal borrower must sign to release you from the loan’s responsibilities.

The lender must also approve the co-removal. signer’s (which it will only do if the primary borrower can demonstrate that they have the credit and history to handle the payments).

Read also: BACK OF CHECK: How to Sign, What to Write & Wrong Endorsement Solutions

Considerations for a Co-signer

If you’ve been asked to co-sign on someone’s loan, you have a lot to consider. Your good credit may assist a friend or loved one in reaching their financial goals, but is it beneficial to you? Before you sign on the dotted line, consider the following:

#1. The sort of loan for which you are co-signing

Because there is collateral on the line — a house, a car, or another piece of property – secured loans are riskier for borrowers. Any additional risk for the principal borrower is therefore an additional risk for the co-signer. (For example, a HELOC may appear to be a simple solution for you to assist your child in repaying a large medical bill, but it also puts their home at danger.) Where will you be if they can’t keep up with their HELOC payments as well as their present home loan?)

#2. Your current financial condition

Co-signers with good credit ratings, blemish-free credit reports, and extensive records of reliable, on-time payments are preferred by lenders. They will also want you to have consistent job and verified revenue. Is this applicable to your financial situation? If it does, are you willing to put your good credit on the line to co-sign the loan?

#3. Long-term benefits of being a co-signer

If you’re co-signing a loan to assist your child attend college or establish credit early on, the risk may be worth it in the long term. If you’re merely assisting a buddy in paying off credit card debt or purchasing a car that’s out of their price range, it’s probably not the greatest decision for you or them.

What is the Distinction between a Cosigner and a Coborrower?

Simply defined, the major distinction between a co-borrower and a cosigner is the level of commitment in the loan.

Because a co-sign borrower’s is on the loan and they are expected to make payments, a co-borrower has greater accountability (and ownership) than a cosigner.


A cosigner agrees to assume responsibility for loan repayment if the principal borrower fails to make a payment. The cosigner usually has better credit or a greater income than the principal borrower, who would not be able to receive a loan without the support of a cosigner.

If a young individual with no established credit applies for a personal loan to start a business, the bank may consider that issuing the loan is too risky unless someone with superior credit agrees to share legal responsibility for repayment. Even if they don’t need the loan, a parent with good credit may agree to co-sign with the expectation that their child will pay it back.

Cosigners are usually close friends or family members of the original borrower. Typically, a cosigner is a parent, direct family member, or spouse.

How does it work?

A cosigner acts as a guarantor on behalf of the primary borrower. Cosigners agree to assume repayment obligation if the principal borrower fails to make due payments; otherwise, payments are the primary borrower’s duty.

Cosigner dangers

Cosigners, like coborrowers, assume financial risk. Cosigners are legally obligated to pay the outstanding debt if the original borrower fails to do so.

Who is the best cosigner for?

If only one of the borrowers will benefit from the loan and the primary borrower agrees to make payments on their own, cosigning is usually preferable. It may make sense for a low-income spouse or a student with no credit.


A co-borrower, also known as a co-applicant, is someone who shares responsibility for repaying a loan with another person. When you apply for a loan with a co-borrower, you reassure the lender that you have several sources of income that can be used to repay the loan.

For example, if two people decide to create a business together, they may take out a personal loan as co-borrowers and work together to repay it. Both benefit immediately from borrowing and join the deal understanding that they will each be making payments.

Applicants who have co-borrowers are more likely to be approved for greater loan amounts since they pose less risk to lenders.

How does it work?

In addition to both co-borrowers being responsible for loan payments, assets that guarantee the loan, such as a home or automobile, may be owned by both co-borrowers.

Coborrower dangers

The most significant danger of co-borrowing on a loan is that each co-borrower is accountable for repayment from the beginning. Any acts taken by any co-borrower that have an influence on the loan will have an effect on the other borrower.

Who is the best coborrower for?

If only one of the borrowers will benefit from the loan and the primary borrower agrees to make payments on their own, cosigning is usually preferable.

How do you decide whether to be a coborrower or a cosigner?

If you have a choice between cosigning and co-borrowing, the best approach depends on your loan goals. Here’s what you should think about for each option.


You won’t have to put up collateral or accept responsibility for regular payments if you have a cosigner. In addition, if you make on-time payments as the primary borrower, your credit score may improve.

On the other hand, if you default, the cosigner will be liable for payments. Furthermore, they will be unable to use the loan funds and may have problems obtaining approval for additional loans.


If you go with a co-borrower, they will directly benefit from the loan. You may potentially be eligible for cheaper interest rates and larger loan amounts, especially if you both have good credit.

The disadvantage is that you share the duty for making payments. Furthermore, you may require collateral and see a drop in your credit score as a result of late payments.

What should I do before I Co-borrow or Co-sign?

Before co-borrowing or cosigning a loan application, have an open discussion with the other borrower. Determine whether the loan is truly necessary, evaluate alternatives, and analyze each person’s financial situation and future ambitions.

It’s also a good idea to look into co-borrower and cosigner rights in your state. It may have its own set of safeguards around property ownership and credit.

Is a co-signer required for all loans?

No, a co-signer is not required for all loans. Some loans, such as personal loans, may require a co-signer, while others, such as auto loans, may not.

What is the difference between a co-borrower and a co-signer?

A co-borrower is an individual who is jointly responsible for the loan and has equal ownership of the loan, while a co-signer is only responsible for the loan if the borrower defaults.

Can a co-signer be sued if the borrower defaults on the loan?

Yes, a co-signer can be sued if the borrower defaults on the loan, as they are responsible for paying back the loan if the borrower is unable to do so.

How does a co-signer apply for a loan?

A co-signer can apply for a loan by filling out a loan application and providing their personal and financial information, just like the borrower.

Can a co-signer get a loan without the borrower?

No, a co-signer cannot get a loan without the borrower, as they are only responsible for the loan if the borrower defaults.

In conclusion

At the end of the day, it’s critical to remember what’s at stake. While co-signing may boost your credit if the principal borrower makes on-time payments, there are a number of dangers to consider. Co-signing a loan could jeopardize not only your credit score but potentially your financial prospects for years to come. Before agreeing to be a co-signer, consider the entire breadth of your liabilities, risks, and rewards.

Co-Signer FAQ’s

What qualifies someone as a cosigner?

Although a credit score is not necessary, a cosigner will normally need credit in the very good or exceptional range—670 or higher. A credit score in that range usually qualifies someone to be a cosigner, but each lender has their own requirements.

Can anyone be a co-signer?

Anyone can, in theory, be a co-signer on a loan. In practice, it’s more likely to be a family member or a close friend. To utilize a co-signer, you must notify the lender that you want to have another person co-sign the loan.

Can a friend cosign a loan?

A buddy can certainly serve as a cosigner on a vehicle loan. Someone does not have to be connected to you in order for them to be your cosigner. In reality, they can be anyone with a decent enough credit score who is prepared to back you up on a car loan.

Are you more likely to get approved for a loan with a cosigner?

You improve your chances of approval.

Because a cosigner assumes some of the loan’s liability, having one reduces the lender’s risk. Because of this benefit, they are more likely to approve your loan application.

Who gets the credit on a cosigned loan?

If you are a cosigner on a loan, the debt you are signing for will appear on your credit report as well as the primary borrower’s credit report. It can assist even a cosigner to create a better credit history as long as the principal borrower makes all agreed-upon payments on schedule.

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