Table of Contents Hide
- What is Financial Engineering?
- Financial Engineering’s Applications
- Master in Financial Engineering
- Where Can You Get a Master’s Degree in Financial Engineering?
- What Employment Are Available With a Master’s Degree in Financial Engineering?
- How Much Will You Be Able to Earn With a Master’s Degree in Financial Engineering?
- Should You Acquire a Master’s Degree in Financial Engineering?
- Financial Engineering FAQs
- Is financial engineering difficult?
- Does financial engineering require coding?
- Is financial engineering competitive?
Is finance a science? Many people say no, but there is a relatively new breed of financial professionals who say yes. Financial engineers believe that applied mathematics and data science can give them an advantage in trading, risk management, and corporate finance. Their ideas are catching on; while it wasn’t long ago that companies began adding mathematicians and coders to the finance department, quantitative investing now dominates some markets. The Master of Science in Financial Engineering is a more recent addition to the quant finance programs. MSFE programs are typically less expensive and shorter in length than MBA programs, but graduates can earn just as much if they have a strong background in statistics, computer science, math, and programming. You’re undoubtedly wondering how much salary you’ll be able to make with a master’s degree in financial engineering. That question will be addressed in this post.
What is Financial Engineering?
Financial engineering is a broad, multidisciplinary field of study and practice that essentially applies an engineering approach and methodology to the world of finance. It integrates and applies information from various fields such as economics, mathematics, computer science, and financial theory. Much of financial engineering entails translating financial theories into practical applications in the financial world.
In practice, financial engineering can be seen in the work of quantitative analysts, also known as “quants,” who create things like algorithmic or artificial intelligence trading programs used in financial markets.
Financial engineering has little in common with traditional engineering jobs other than a methodological approach that incorporates mathematical principles and theories. However, many people who went on to become financial engineers first obtained a traditional engineering degree.
Financial engineering is a relatively new field of study. The first recognized programs offering a degree in financial engineering were not established in the United States until the 1990s. However, the field has grown rapidly enough that such programs of study are now accredited by official bodies such as the International Association of Quantitative Finance and the International Association of Financial Engineers.
Financial Engineering’s Applications
Financial engineering is used in a variety of financial tasks. The following are some of the most common applications:
- Corporate Finance
- Arbitrage Trading
- Technology and Algorithmic Finance
- Analytics and risk management
- Pricing Options and Other Financial Derivatives
- Behavioral Finance
- Structured Financial Products and Customized Financial Instruments
- Quantitative Portfolio Management
- Credit Risk and Credit Management
Nonetheless, despite its widespread use and acceptance, the field of financial engineering is not without criticism. Scholars in both economics and mathematics, as well as within the field itself, have harshly criticized certain applications of financial engineering.
For example, some academics believe that over-reliance on financial models has created, rather than solved, financial problems in some cases. Following the 2008 Global Financial Crisis, some economists blamed banks’ widespread use of the Black-Scholes formula – a popular mathematical model used for investing in financial derivative instruments – for precipitating, or at least contributing to, the severity of the global economic crash.
Example – Financial Engineering in Real-World Business Applications
In the early 1990s, Amoco Corporation used financial engineering to facilitate the sale of its subsidiary, MW Petroleum Corporation, to the Apache Corporation. So, the reason that proved the ultimate sticking point for concluding a contract was the two companies’ differing viewpoints on the expected future pricing of oil and gas – Amoco was bullish, and Apache was gloomy.
A bit of financial engineering resulted in the development of a financial product known as a capped price support warranty, which Amoco offered to Apache. The warranty specified that in the case of oil prices sliding below a designated level, Amoco would provide support payments to Apache to reduce its losses in revenue.
In return for getting the warranty, Apache pledged, in turn, to provide additional payments to Amoco if, in the first few years following the sale of MW Petroleum, oil prices rose over a set amount. Financial engineers used financial models to determine the lower and upper designated price levels.
In this case, financial engineering allowed the two companies involved in the transaction to share the significant risks in the uncertain environment of major commodity prices in a way that was acceptable to both parties, allowing them to close the deal for Apache’s acquisition of MW Petroleum.
Master in Financial Engineering
Financial engineering is a multidisciplinary field. One- and two-year Master of Science in Financial Engineering programs are available through mathematics, finance, business, and economics departments at various colleges and universities. MSFE faculty members come from all of these departments, as well as computer science.
The master’s degree is intended for students who want to learn how to apply engineering methodologies and quantitative methods to modern financial problems. So, it’s the best degree for anyone who wants to treat finance and everything it entails—saving, investing, borrowing, lending, and risk management—as hard science.
The skills you’ll gain in an MSFE program can be applied across industries. Financial engineering master’s degree holders work for investment banks and hedge funds, as well as insurance companies and regulatory agencies. They also work in data analytics and fraud detection.
What Will You Study in a Masters Program in Financial Engineering?
There is no standard financial engineering curriculum, but all programs cover advanced concepts in mathematics, computing, and finance. Almost all MSFE students study subjects such as:
- Computational methods in finance
- Financial risk management
- Machine learning
- Modeling techniques and theories
- Portfolio theory
- Pricing and hedging
- Quantitative finance
- Stochastic processes
- Time series analysis and forecasting
After covering the fundamentals, the master’s programs can go in a variety of directions. Some discuss government finance and financial management in healthcare, while others focus on programming and system optimization or investing principles. Most MSFE programs offer only a generalized degree, but a few offer concentration or specialization areas in:
- Asset management
- Computation and programming
- Computational finance and trading systems
- Finance and economics
- Technology in finance
- Machine learning in financial engineering
Finding the best Master of Science in Financial Engineering program requires evaluating programs based on your interests and career goals. Consider why you want to pursue this degree. Some programs are highly theoretical; these are a better fit for MSFE students who are interested in the theories underlying current market performance and the complex mathematics used to predict future performance. Others concentrate on practical applications of financial engineering in the real world, which may be more suitable for those interested in a career in business or banking.
Next, consider where you want to be in five years. So, by reviewing the career placement data on each MSFE program website, you can learn a lot about what your future will look like—and what your earning potential will be—with this degree. If you can’t find it, contact an admissions counselor.
Where Can You Get a Master’s Degree in Financial Engineering?
The International Association for Quantitative Finance regulates financial engineering as a profession. It does not accredit financial engineering programs, but it does produce a handy guide to financial engineering degrees in which you can compare MSFE and comparable quantitative finance programs at various institutions and universities.
In the 1990s, the Polytechnic Institute of New York University created the first certified financial engineering curriculum. Today, some of the greatest masters in financial engineering programs can be found at colleges such as:
- Carnegie Mellon University Claremont Graduate University
- Columbia University
- CUNY Bernard M. Baruch College Johns Hopkins University
- Princeton University
- Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
- University of California, Los Angeles
- Temple University – University of California – Berkeley
- The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
- University of Southern California (USC)
Most of these colleges and universities provide on-campus programs, however, there are a few that offer online master’s degrees in financial engineering. West Texas A&M University and Stevens Institute of Technology both offer online MSFE degrees, however, the greatest and most prestigious online master’s in financial engineering degree is offered by USC’s Viterbi School of Engineering.
When selecting a master’s program in financial engineering, salary should not be the first consideration. Nonetheless, it’s worth mentioning that graduates of the top financial engineering institutions may be able to earn more money. According to one salary survey published by the Berkeley Haas School of Business, the average total first-year income for MSFE graduates was $155,514. The website efinancialcareers released a list of first-year average earnings for MSFE holders and discovered that the majority of students who graduate from top schools earn between $90,000 and $159,402.
What Employment Are Available With a Master’s Degree in Financial Engineering?
As previously said, MSFE holders work in a variety of industries and perform a variety of tasks. Before enrolling in a master’s degree program, consider that your job choices (rather than your degree) will most likely determine your earning potential. You could, for example, work as a/an:
#1. Finance Engineer
Financial engineers work at banks, investment firms, and mutual fund companies. They employ analytical and mathematical tools to create algorithms and analytical systems to determine if specific asset classes and items are good investments. According to PayScale, the typical financial engineering salary is $79,000, although Glassdoor reports it’s closer to $101,000.
#2. Investment Manager
Your job in this position is to make money with money. Investment managers assist corporate and individual clients in the purchase and sale of trusts, stocks, and bonds by establishing comprehensive, science-backed investment plans. The typical investment manager’s pay is around $99,000.
#3. Portfolio manager
If you become a portfolio manager, your goal will be to assist corporations and traders in allocating capital optimally among various investment strategies devised by investment managers. The average portfolio manager’s pay is around $86,000.
#4. Risk manager
Risk managers are in high demand as a result of the financial crisis of 2008. These specialists evaluate trading tactics and create risk-management plans to assist banks in meeting capital, liquidity, buffer, and funding laws. The typical risk manager compensation is around $114,000.
#5. Trading Strategist
In this role, you will develop the mathematical models, trading techniques, and even software tools that will drive trading choices at your organization. So, your primary responsibilities will be to identify market opportunities and minimize risk. The typical quantitative trading strategist’s compensation is around $100,000.
#6. Financial Manager
This complicated position includes supervising an organization’s financial health. A financial manager’s responsibilities include supervising investment activity as well as establishing data-driven plans to support the company’s long-term financial health. The median compensation for finance managers is around $123,000.
How Much Will You Be Able to Earn With a Master’s Degree in Financial Engineering?
The quick answer is more than most. Master’s degree in financial engineering graduates often works in the banking and investment sectors, where their objective is to turn money into more money. So, the work is predictable and lucrative. The average MSFE holder earns roughly $89,000, with some earning significantly more.
And that’s only the beginning. According to some estimates, after a few more years of expertise, you could earn anywhere between $175,000 and $400,000. So, the crucial term is “experience.” A master’s degree is required if you wish to advance in finance. However, if you don’t have significant relevant experience, your master’s degree in financial engineering may not be worth much. You may still be required to pay your dues on the bottom rung of the ladder.
Should You Acquire a Master’s Degree in Financial Engineering?
The answer to this question is determined not by how enthusiastic you are about finance, but by how passionate you are about engineering. You may make a lot of money with this degree, but you must have the mind of a quant. Every finance student must be tech-savvy and analytical, but MSFE students must also have coding abilities and a far deeper understanding of the arithmetic that underpins finance as a science.
Needs for Financial Engineers
Why do we need Financial Engineers? Irrespective of the criticism around financial engineering which seems to be gaining momentum over the years, we need them for the following, portfolio management, derivatives pricing and hedging, risk measurement and management, corporate finance, model validation, and so on.
What Led to the Need for Financial Engineers?
The major factor that led to the increasing demands of financial engineers is the increasingly complex and turbulent volatility of the financial industry.
Types of Financial Engineering
The following are the various types of financial engineering that we have;
- Speculation financial engineers
- Derivatives Trading financial engineers
Financial Engineering FAQs
Is financial engineering difficult?
It will not be easy to become a competent Financial Engineer, but with hard work and perseverance, you can sharpen your skills until you get there.
Does financial engineering require coding?
Aside from financial understanding, the engineer must be proficient in computer programming. Building simulated financial models to learn about market behavior necessitates programming abilities.
Is financial engineering competitive?
This is a highly competitive area, and you must perform admirably in order to be considered for an interview.
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