WHAT IS A HEDGE FUND MANAGER? Education & 2023 Salaries

What is a hedge fund manager

As the name implies, a hedge fund manager is a person who oversees a hedge fund. A hedge fund is a fund that collects funds from several investors to invest in particular securities. A hedge fund is riskier than many other investments because it is only open to investors with experience and is regulated less than many other assets. That risk also applies to managers. In this piece, we’ll look at the education you need to be a top hedge fund manager and the salary that comes with it.

Understanding Hedge Funds

Hedge funds are a type of investment vehicle in which money from many investors is pooled together. In that regard, they are comparable to an exchange-traded fund or even a conventional mutual fund. How pooled money is invested and managed distinguishes hedge funds from other types.

A hedge fund focuses on active management, meaning the fund manager makes all purchase and sale decisions directly. This contrasts with passive investing, where a fund may follow the performance of a particular stock index. For instance, a lot of index funds follow the S&P 500.

What Is a Hedge Fund Manager?

A hedge fund manager is a business or a person who manages investments and is in charge of running a hedge fund. Given its potential to make one very wealthy, managing a hedge fund can be a tempting career choice. For hedge fund managers to be successful, they need to think about having a competitive advantage, a well-defined investment strategy, enough capital, a plan for marketing and sales, and a plan for managing risks.

Understanding a Hedge Fund Manager

Most of the time, the people in charge of the portfolio own hedge fund management companies. This means they can get a large share of the profits made by the hedge fund. Investors put funds into a hedge fund to pay management fees that cover operating costs and performance fees often paid to owners as profit. The fact that hedge fund managers’ personal wealth and money are typically related directly to the fund itself sets hedge fund managers apart from other types of fund management.

Hedge fund investors must meet specific income and net worth requirements. Due to their aggressive investment strategies and lack of regulatory oversight compared to many other types of investments, hedge funds can be regarded as high-risk investments.

Job Description

Hedge funds are managed and supervised by a hedge fund manager. As described, a hedge fund is an investment entity typically set up as an LLC or limited partnership. Investments with a high degree of risk and profit make up hedge funds. It belongs to the least regulated investment categories.

Compared to mutual funds or index funds, hedge funds are far more exclusive. They stick to an investment plan that the investors and the person in charge of the hedge fund agree on. The hedge fund manager (or managers) will keep an eye on it to ensure the fund achieves its objectives.

Hedge funds often only accept investments from the wealthiest and most qualified people because of their stringent standards. These are a few of the prerequisites:

  • You must qualify as an investor
  • Possess a personal net worth of at least $1 million.
  • Earn a salary that is greater than $200,000.

Hedge funds can invest in almost anything. Stocks, bonds, works of art, companies, and real estate are examples of assets.

A hedge fund manager manages the hedge funds of their customers. The manager’s job is to minimize risks while generating significant returns. Because hedge funds are made up of high-risk investments, the manager always keeps an eye on the assets and decides where to put the money. They devoted most of their day to assessing investment models, tweaking them, and implementing the demands of the clients to ensure that the investment portfolio produces excellent outcomes.

Salary For Hedge Fund Manager

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics has up-to-date statistics on the pay of financial managers, which hedge fund managers fall under, even though it is difficult to find exact information on the salary of a hedge fund manager.

According to the BLS, financial managers typically make $129,890 a year, or $62.45 an hour. This industry is expected to increase by 15% over the next 10 years, which is higher than average growth.

Despite being classified as a financial manager, the salary of a hedge fund manager is significantly higher than the average manager. Some of the highest-paid head fund managers earn up to $4 billion annually.

The hedge fund that a hedge fund manager works with directly affects his or her revenue. As a result, the fund will profit more as it performs better. The top hedge fund managers recoup their costs by charging performance and management fees. Although exact percentages can differ, management fees are typically 2% of the fund, and performance fees are 20% of the fund’s gains.

The top three states that offer chances for hedge fund positions, according to data gathered by Zippia, are Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.

How to Become a Hedge Fund Manager

You must first get a bachelor’s degree in a related field to learn how to manage a hedge fund. Employers still want to hire people who have passed the Certified Public Accountant Exam or have a master’s degree.

Jobs as hedge fund managers are in high demand. To get one, you might have to start as a junior analyst and move up the corporate ladder until you reach the position you want. Finding their way in with part-time work may be the best course unless one has personal connections to an owner or high management at a company.

What are the Requirements for Becoming a Hedge Fund Manager?

  • Get a degree: A bachelor’s degree is the entry-education educational prerequisite for becoming a hedge fund manager. The field of study can be economics, business, finance, or accounting. However, some hedge fund managers operate solely on certifications and without degrees.
  • Consider certificates: Although they are not required, qualifications can make a candidate stand out in the competition for this position. Consider these certifications, for example:
  • Chartered Financial Analyst
  • Certified Public Accountant
  • Certificate in Hedge Fund Regulations

Getting a certificate can be a big help for people looking for work in cities with a lot of competition.

  • Acquire experience: The third step is to start working in a financial position. To gain the expertise required to become an actual fund manager, they might need to take entry-level positions as traders or financial analysts.
  • Submit a job application: After obtaining an education, any necessary certificates, and some work experience, a candidate will be prepared to submit a job application for a position as a hedge fund manager.

Before actively beginning to manage a hedge fund’s portfolio, the person may need to start as a junior analyst and work their way up through the ranks at the organization.

Hedge Fund Manager Education

Becoming a hedge fund manager can be very rewarding, but it also takes a lot of hard work and the ability to make good decisions. To apply to be a hedge fund manager, a person must have a bachelor’s degree. Due to the high level of competition, you might need more credentials and experience to get these jobs.

Which Education do I Require?

A master’s degree is becoming increasingly required of those who work in financial management, including those who manage hedge funds. According to the BLS, individuals will have the best chances of finding employment in financial management if they major in finance, accounting, economics, or business administration. Getting the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) certification isn’t necessary, but it could be helpful. With this credential, recognized all over the country, you can show potential employers or customers that you understand finances.

Top Hedge Fund Managers

The hedge fund managers who are always at the top are the stars of the financial world. In the hedge fund industry, there is a clear hierarchy. This is true even when it appears difficult to stop class conflict and negative news articles about it. Not every hedge fund manager receives praise, and not everyone deserves it. Sadly, many people fail. But those who do make it through usually leave a lasting impression. In no particular order, we’ve prepared a list of the top hedge fund managers.

#1. Steve Cohen

Former SAC Capital founder Steve Cohen is currently with Point 72 Asset Management, a family office in Stamford, Connecticut. Cohen was not criminally charged by the Securities and Exchange Commission. However, several former SAC workers were found guilty of insider trading. According to Bloomberg, he’s expected to be close to $12 billion in 2021.

#2. George Soros

The unofficial founding father of hedge funds, George Soros launched his first fund in 1969. Soros founded his first hedge fund, Soros Fund Management, in 1973. In 1979, he also established the charitable Open Society Foundations. He continues to serve as Soros Fund Management LLC’s chairman.

#3. James Simons

As the founder of Renaissance Technologies, James Simons is probably the most well-known mathematician in the group. Medallion’s central fund gives steady returns and is also one of his most secretive and hard-to-find funds. Renaissance is an invitation-only investment firm specializing in quantitative investing with other funds. Simons, a retiree like Soros, remains active in the business and gains from its prosperity.

#4. Daniel Loeb

Daniel Loeb, who started Third Point Capital, is known as “the activist” for his hard work to get companies to change. He prefers influencing companies through appointed board positions rather than simply holding or shorting stocks.

#5. Carl Icahn

One of the most critical financial thinkers in the world is Carl Icahn. Icahn might be said to be the “father of activism” if Loeb is referred to as “the activist.” He is solid and sure of himself enough to bet a lot of money on what he believes in. He is also a well-known contrarian investor, frequently purchasing shares of businesses that no one else seems interested in.

#6. Griffin Ken

While a student at Harvard, Kenneth Griffin began his financial career, and his trading prowess was tested when he made excessive profits trading options in his dorm room. He kept refining his abilities while serving as CEO of Citadel, the trading company he established in 1990.

What Does a Hedge Fund Manager Do?

A company or person managing investments, choosing investments, and supervising a hedge fund’s activities is known as a hedge fund manager. Given its potential to make one very wealthy, managing a hedge fund can be a tempting career choice.

How much do hedge fund managers get paid?

In the US, the average salary for a hedge fund manager is $135,399 per year or $65.1 per hour. The bottom 10% of those managers, or around $70,000 annually, make their living as hedge fund managers, while the top 10% make $261,000 annually. How much a hedge fund manager makes depends on where they work.

Are hedge fund managers wealthy?

Hedge fund managers build wealth by profiting from the assets they manage. They deduct 20% of the earned gains and a 2% performance fee. As a result, they only permit wealthy and affluent people to invest in hedge funds.

Who is the Most Famous Hedge Fund Manager?

The top hedge fund managers are listed below:

  • Steve Cohen.
  • George Soros.
  • James Simons.
  • Daniel Loeb.
  • Carl Icahn.
  • Ken Griffin.
  • David Tepper.
  • John Paulson.

Do hedge fund managers need a degree?

A hedge fund manager typically has a master’s degree or even a doctorate in finance, mathematics, economics, financial engineering, quantitative finance, programming, marketing, or business administration. Others hold advanced degrees in a field of study like accounting or engineering.

Are hedge fund jobs hard to get?

Accurate information about how to work in a hedge fund is hard to come by. Hedge fund hiring is less structured than hiring for investment banking or private equity, which is part of the reason. Additionally, many hedge funds don’t want to advertise to applicants widely.

Is the hedge fund manager the highest-paid job?

The majority of the money made by the top hedge fund managers comes from their own investments in their own funds. The top hedge fund managers, top executives in most industries, and top athletes and entertainers make a lot of money. The typical hedge fund manager, however, does not fare particularly well.

Is a hedge fund manager a hard job?

Although you put in a lot of effort and work long hours, “people assume you’re a master of the universe.” Because of the chaos that exists during market hours, most research is conducted outside of business hours.


A hedge fund manager is a highly paid fund manager who works for wealthy customers to get the best possible investment returns. Depending on an investor’s net worth, income, or investment objectives, investing in hedge funds may not be the best choice for them. But those who decide to include hedge funds in their portfolios can benefit from their fund manager’s vast expertise and experience.


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