BUILDING INSPECTOR: Definition, Example, Job Description, & Salary

commercial building inspector
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A city or municipality hires a building and construction inspector to inspect structures and ensure that they are safe to use. The inspector accomplishes this by enforcing the building code, which contains precise and specific requirements that must be met in order for the project to pass inspection. The structure being evaluated could be a brand-new construction, a renovation project, or even a potential real estate transaction. That’s a preamble; read further to know more about a building inspector, examples, job descriptions,s, salary, and all you need to know about a commercial building inspector.

Building Inspector

A building inspector is a government official who examines plans and inspects construction sites to ensure that all local and national building codes and regulations are followed. The wiring, HVAC system, foundation, roof, siding, garage, plumbing, and any electrical equipment, for example, will all be examined by the building inspector. The building inspector has the authority to halt the project if it fails to meet the requirements.

Deeper definition

A building inspector may oversee the construction of any type of building or infrastructure, including homes, businesses, office buildings, highways, bridges, dams and sewer systems. In addition to inspecting building sites, a building inspector may have other responsibilities, including:

  • Inspecting a structure after it is damaged by fire or natural disaster.
  • Ensuring repairs to buildings and infrastructure are being performed correctly.
  • Making official notes about a new structure.
  • Assessing the condition of a home or business for occupancy.
  • Ensuring structures are not vulnerable to natural disasters.
  • Checking for sprinklers, fire exits, fire alarms, and other fire-safety necessities.
  • Looking over plans and blueprints to ensure they meet local regulations, such as building height or environmental demands.
  • Communicating with the supervisor of a construction project to ensure necessary changes are met.
  • Visiting a construction site during each phase of the building.

Some building inspectors specialize in certain areas, such as electricity or plumbing, or assessing the impact a structure will have on the environment.

Building inspectors typically work quickly to ensure they do not slow down progress on the construction of a building. If they find something wrong, they must first notify the supervisor of the building project. If the construction is not brought up to standards, the building inspector can stop the project completely.

Building inspector example

If you wish to expand on to your home in many towns, you’ll need to invite a building inspector to the site to ensure you’re following all local requirements. The inspector may come back several times to assess things like floor and ceiling joists, roof timber grade and spacing, room thermal insulation, fire safety, and staircases.

If you’re thinking about expanding, remodeling, or building your house, see if you qualify for a home renovation loan.

Building Inspector Job Description

For construction and building inspections, we need to hire a qualified Building Inspector. As a Building Inspector, you’ll be responsible for inspecting buildings and construction sites before, during, and after construction to ensure that they meet safety, structural, and building code requirements. You’ll also have to issue violation notices, stop-work orders, and construction permits.

You’ll need sophisticated engineering and construction expertise, a sharp eye for detail, and the capacity to make difficult decisions to succeed as a Building Inspector. Finally, a top-notch Building Inspector can rapidly recognize safety and structural flaws and make sound conclusions without being swayed by emotions.

The average salary for building inspectors

Building inspector salaries may vary depending on their industry, employment type, and geographical location. A candidate’s level of education, experience, and relevant certifications may also impact potential earnings.

Data has not been collected on building inspectors, but here are some related job titles and their salaries to help you understand this professional’s earning potential:

  • Inspector: $15.56 per hour with possible overtime compensation at $6,000 per year
  • Construction inspector: $24.11 per hour with possible overtime compensation at $9,360 per year
  • Senior inspector: $25.39 per hour with possible overtime compensation at $10,407 per year
  • Salaries range from $7.25 to $55.15 per hour.

How to become a building inspector

These professionals are required to complete specialized education, gain years of industry experience and pursue vital certifications that enable them to expertly perform their job. Here are several steps you can take to become a building inspector:

  1. Get a relevant education.
  2. Obtain work experience and training in building inspection.
  3. Develop the necessary skills.
  4. Earn a professional certification.

#1. Get a relevant education

While a high school diploma or its equivalent is usually sufficient to begin starting in this field, having an associate degree, bachelor’s degree, or professional certification will be more advantageous. At a four-year college, community college, vocational school, or recognized online institute, you can enroll in relevant industry programs that include both classroom and hands-on training. Examine a program’s coursework and job placement rates to see if it’s the right fit for you.

Here are several disciplines to think about:

  • Construction technology
  • Mechanical inspection
  • Structural and construction inspection
  • Building inspection technology
  • Safety Building and code administration
  • Building code enforcement
  • Inspection and testing for welding
  • Concrete construction inspection
  • Masonry construction inspection
  • Steel construction inspection

Having a background in design and engineering, as well as technical training as an electrician or plumber, can be advantageous. Focus on building inspection, home inspection, drafting, building laws and ordinances, and construction technologies in these circumstances. Similarly, taking classes on construction materials, concrete principles, roofing, heating, and cooling systems, and plumbing and electrical inspection can be beneficial. You should also be familiar with the many types of residential and commercial buildings, as well as their construction criteria and how to read blueprints.

#2. Obtain work experience and training in building inspection

Experience in the construction business gained through finished schooling as an engineer, architect, plumber, or electrician can help you get a job in this field. Consider enrolling in a mentoring program with experienced building inspectors if you lack this experience. You can observe how your mentors conduct structural inspections by following them around on their inspection rounds. You’ll learn how to inspect buildings, check building codes, produce detailed reports, and communicate with clients, employers, and other inspectors.

When you pursue work experience and training in the construction and real estate industries, you will also develop a useful network of contacts. This step could help you progress your career by connecting you to job openings, career advice, and more.

#3. Develop necessary skills

To do their jobs, these experts need a mix of hard and soft talents. During your education and professional experience, you can practice and improve these talents. The commercial building inspector must have the following abilities:

#1. Attention to detail

Building inspectors must be meticulous in their inspections and have a good eye for detail. Furthermore, they can use this talent to spot any errors that need to be fixed. Building inspectors must ensure that their reports are accurate because they are crucial in establishing the safety of structures and their occupants.

#2. Communication

These experts must provide their results and suggestions in a number of formats. They must prepare precise and complete reports that provide clear building improvement instructions. They also communicate with construction crews, employers, contractors, and customers.

#3. Physical fitness

On the job, they are likely to walk a lot and ascend and descend stairs. Being in good shape might help these experts complete examinations then in a more efficient and comfortable manner.

#4. Computer literacy

To precise document a structure’s status, building inspectors employ meters and a variety of other testing equipment. Computer systems and other technical knowledge and familiarity can aid these experts in their use of these instruments. They may also use a range of tools and online resources to do their duties, such as automated permit system software.

#5. Organization

They may inspect several buildings and construction projects in the same period, requiring strong time management skills. They also need to keep individual records of the project details and requirements.

#4. Earn a professional certification

To operate as a building inspector, you may require a professional qualification and to renew your work license on a regular basis, depending on your city and state. Many businesses favor applicants who have professional certification since it shows you stay current on industry knowledge, needs, and advances. Earning optional professional certifications might also help you advance in your career and earn more money.

Electrical work, plumbing, environmental effect, of course safety compliance are just a few of the building inspection specialties that can earn you a certification. You can get the following certifications:

#1. Certified Electrical Inspector (CEI) Certification

The CEI certification, offered by the International Association of Electrical Inspectors (IAEI), is ideal for licensed and experienced electricians who desire to work as inspectors. In addition, accredited electrical training, an apprenticeship, and education or work experience are all required. Candidates must pass a certification exam that assesses their understanding of electrical codes, together with best practices, and inspection procedures.

#2. Certified Professional Inspector

Building inspectors who desire to improve their skills can get this certification from the International Association of Certified Home Inspectors, which is approved by the US Department of Education. More so, they must pass the Online Inspector Examination, join the organization, finish their practice course, and submit mock inspection reports.

#3. Commercial Building Inspector B2 Certification

The International Code Council offers this certification, which assesses candidates’ understanding of the International Building Code and other construction regulations. Candidates must complete a training and code manual review course, as well as pass an examination, to achieve this certification.

What are the Duties of a Construction Inspector?

Inspectors of construction and buildings guarantee that buildings, dams, bridges, and other structures, as well as streets and roads, as well as sewage and water systems, comply with all safety regulations. Plumbing, electrical, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVACR) systems are inspected as well by these professionals.

How Do I Become a Local Building Inspector?

To become a building inspector, you will need to have earned your high school diploma; however, certain employers may give preference to those who have earned a degree in engineering, architecture, or building inspection technology. On-the-job training is typically provided, however, applicants typically need anything from one to five years of relevant experience in order to be considered for employment.

What is a 4-Point Home Inspection in Florida?

An inspection of the current condition of a house or condominium is referred to as a 4-point inspection. This type of inspection focuses on the following four primary systems: roofing, electrical, plumbing, and HVAC. Homeowners’ insurance providers typically need this particular examination to be completed before a policyholder can be renewed or become eligible for the coverage plan of their choice.

Commercial Building Inspector

Purchasing a commercial building is a significant financial commitment. A portfolio manager may order a building inspection and report before making a purchase, which offers the information needed to make an informed choice on the property.

The right commercial building inspection will reveal the genuine state of a property as well as the price of repairs. But, during an inspection, what will a commercial building inspector check for?

4 Things a Commercial Building Inspector Will Check

Purchasing commercial property is not just costly; it also necessitates a great deal of thought and research before making a decision. Property condition assessments (PCAs) are commonly ordered by investors, insurance lenders, portfolio lenders, and commercial mortgage-backed security (CMBS) lenders to learn more about a property or before entering into a purchase deal.

During a commercial inspection, a commercial building inspector will look for four items.

#1. The Building’s Five Major Systems

Electrical, mechanical, heating, plumbing, and air conditioning/ventilation are the five major systems found in commercial buildings. Equally, inspectors will inspect these systems to ensure that they are in good functioning order. If a system isn’t working properly, the inspector will include a cost estimate in his or her report. During the inspection, the fire safety systems, building alarms, and sprinkler systems will be examined.

#2. The Building’s Exterior

The exterior of a building involves more than simply its walls; it also includes parking lots or structures, landscaping, and roofing. The inspector will establish whether the structure of the building is sound and will highlight any required repairs. In like manner, to properly assess the exterior health of a structure, inspectors may rely on the expertise of roofing experts, construction contractors, or building code inspectors.

#3. The Building’s Interior

This section of the inspection has two goals: to ensure that interior areas comply with local building requirements and to look for safety risks and hazards. By the same token the inspector will look at the walls, floors, restrooms, offices, kitchens, and other parts of the building. This section of the inspection will reveal whether or not internal renovations are required (especially if anything within the building is not up to code).

#4. The Building’s Documentation

During the inspection process, commercial building inspectors examine a variety of papers. Appraisals, building plans, citations, certificates of occupancy, construction permits, evacuation plans, environmental studies, of course, fire safety system records, floor plans, maintenance records, and surveys are some of the documents they may look into. Furthermore, these data will indicate the exact cost of ownership and assist the investor in determining the property’s value.

The results of an inspector will be included in a final property condition report (PCR). Written documentation of observations, as well as images for clarification, will be included in the report. The inspector’s advice on how to carry out corrective action or request follow-up testing by an expert will be included in the report. Likewise, in most circumstances, a cost estimate for repairs and future replacements will be provided.

Who is Responsible for Building Inspections in Florida?

The administration, supervision, direction, enforcement, or performance of the permitting and inspection of the construction, alteration, repair, remodeling, or demolition of structures and the installation of building systems within the boundaries of their jurisdiction falls under the purview of the building code administrator or building official.

How Much Do Home Appraisers Make in PA?

In the state of Pennsylvania, a real estate appraiser can expect to make a yearly salary of $70,000 on average. The annual salary of a real estate appraiser in Pennsylvania can range anywhere from $32,000 to $334,000, depending on a variety of criteria such as the appraiser’s abilities, experience, employment, additional compensation, and more.

At What Point Does a Building Inspector Visit?

It is required by law for the building inspector to be notified at least two days in advance of the start of any work, and this notification must be made in accordance with the statute. After being notified, the inspector will make a visit to the location in question. This visit might be beneficial because he or she will have the opportunity to meet the builder and see the site in general.

What are the Main Functions of a Building Inspector?

It is important to coordinate the sequences that are involved in monitoring compliance with the standards, processes, laws, and specifications that are included in the legislation governing Building Control and Town Planning.

Check and double-check all of the construction requirements and design elements that are mentioned in the building plans.


Do Building inspectors use math?

These courses include construction technology, blueprint reading, mathematics, stress analysis, physics, and building inspection. Many specialized inspectors have experience as electricians or plumbers. Building inspectors get most of their training on the job.

Is the home inspector exam hard?

Getting your home inspection certification requires a lot of education, testing, and hands-on training. This is not to say that the process is difficult it will simply take time and hard work to do it right.

Is home inspection a hard career?

And, a home inspection is an easy career to do on the side, in addition to a full-time job. In fact, many people who have non-traditional schedules like firefighters or paramedics will start a home inspection business in addition to their first career to keep themselves busy and bring in extra revenue.

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