ANNUAL INCOME: Definition and Calculations of Gross, Net & Total Annual Income

Annual Income

Whether you’re applying for a credit card or filing your taxes, you’ll almost always be required to disclose your annual income to complete the paperwork. Even if you are unsure how much money you make each year, you may calculate your annual income using simple calculations. You can include a variety of types of income in your annual income, and knowing this can help you grasp your exact total annual income. In this post, we will define annual income, explain what it entails, and show you how to calculate your gross, net, total annual pay, and income using basic calculations.

What is Annual Income?

Annual income is the total amount of income you earn in a year. Depending on the income needed to calculate your annual income, you might base it on a calendar year or a fiscal year. A calendar year is defined as the period from January 1st to December 31st of the same year. A fiscal year is defined by the United States Federal Government as beginning on October 1st and ending on September 30th of the following year.

Individuals and corporations can calculate income for either the calendar year or the fiscal year, depending on the needs and circumstances of the organization requesting the annual income statistics. The fiscal year is used in the bulk of annual income calculations.

What is Gross Annual Income?

The amount on your paycheck before taxes and deductions is referred to as your personal gross annual income. This is what is listed on your offer letter or contract when you accept a job offer.

When preparing and completing your income tax return, your gross annual income should be the starting point. You’ll have a better sense of what taxes you’ll owe or get back if you know your gross income. Your gross annual income is also used to determine if you qualify for a loan or a credit card.

Your gross business income is reported on your company’s tax return. In business, gross income is determined as total firm sales minus the cost of products sold. When evaluating a potential company, investors look at this number.

Gross vs. Net Income

You may be requested to disclose both your gross and net income when computing your annual income. The difference between gross and net income is as follows:

Your annual income before taxes and deductions is referred to as your gross income. Your gross income is the income of income you make over the course of a year before you pay taxes and deduct expenses. Unless otherwise stated, you would normally include your gross income when reporting your annual income.

Your annual income after taxes and deductions is referred to as your net income. Net income is the amount of income available for living expenditures after deducting the taxes that must be paid on gross income. A company’s net income is the profit it produces after deducting all operational expenses. A company’s net income includes taxes and deductions.

Difference Between Gross and Net Income

When asked for your annual income, you’ll most likely be requested to disclose either your gross or net income, and possibly both.

Your gross income is the total amount of money you earn during the year before taxes and other deductions are deducted. For example, if your employer pays you a base salary of $50,000 per year and deducts taxes from that amount, your gross income is $50,000.

Your net income, on the other hand, is the amount of money you have leftover after paying your taxes and other deductions. So, if you earn $50,000 per year but only receive $35,000 in your bank account after taxes, insurance premiums, and social security are deducted, your net income is $35,000.

If you look closely, you can see both your monthly or bimonthly gross and net incomes on your paystub. Even though these are not your annual income, they might help you understand the difference between the two and calculate your gross and net annual incomes.

It is critical to grasp the distinction between gross and net income so that you can write the correct number for whatever form you are filling out.

This can be difficult if, for example, a credit card application just requests your total annual income without specifying whether you should enter the gross or net amount. In this case, you will normally offer your gross annual income, but if you are unsure, call the employer.

When Applying for a Credit Card, What Does Annual Income Mean?

When you apply for a new credit card, you must submit certain pieces of information throughout the application process. Annual income is one of the most crucial.

Why Is It Necessary to Disclose Your Earnings?

To protect consumers from exploitative credit card activities, the Credit Card Accountability, Responsibility, and Disclosure Act of 2009 (CARD). One of the elements of the CARD Act was the establishment of income requirements for obtaining a credit card.

Although no specific income limit was defined, each merchant or credit card firm was required to check that the applicant could fulfill the minimal monthly payment.

Companies may request a pay stub or W-2 to confirm both annual gross and net incomes. The majority of credit card applications need annual net income.

Annual Net Income

When you combine the terms “annual net income,” the amount you enter on your credit card application isn’t as simple as it sounds. Annual net income is the amount of money you make in a year after deducting all deductions and taxes.

What do the various components of “annual net income” imply?


The definition of the word “annual” is “yearly.” On a credit card application, you must disclose the amount of income you earn yearly. It’s simple if you’re an employee getting a salary. You record the amount of money you earn each year. It gets a little more tricky if you work for an hourly wage. Multiply your hourly rate by the number of hours you work in a week using a calculator or computer. Divide your answer by 52 to get the total number of weeks in a year. You have a rough estimate of your annual salary.

For instance, if you earn $8.00 per hour and work 30 hours per week, you will have $240. That is $12,480 when multiplied by 52 weeks. If you are self-employed, you would use the income that you allocated to the year, whether it is on a cash or accrual basis.


The term “net” refers to your take-home salary. After your employer’s deductions, this is how much money you take home and either cash or deposit in your bank. Federal and state taxes are common deductions. Local taxes are also subtracted, which may include county, city, and maybe school taxes, depending on where you live.

There are also Medicare and Social Security deductions. You may be able to deduct contributions to savings accounts, such as a 401(k). There could also be a tax break for health insurance. If you are self-employed, you would deduct the expenses required to earn the income, as well as any tax deductions available under self-employment status.


One of the most crucial aspects of a credit card application’s acceptance procedure is income. Only your credit score matters more. Income is important not only for approval but also for establishing your credit limit. Income does not only refer to your pay or the total of your hourly wages. Other goods may be included. On your credit card application, you should declare as much income as you legally can. The CARD Act was amended in 2009 to extend the definition of income for credit card applicants.

Your annual gross income is your income before any deductions. Credit card firms typically like to request net income because it is what you have available to pay your monthly payment with. Some businesses may request annual gross income.

What Counts as Income?

The definition of income changes according to age. Income for someone over the age of 21 can be:

  • Personal earnings
  • Income from a spouse or partner
  • Distributions from trust funds
  • Social Security Distributions.
  • Retirement Funds Distributions.
  • Grants and scholarships
  • Gifts and allowances

Income for anyone between the ages of 18 and 20 can be:

  • Personal earnings
  • Allowances that are verifiable through tax returns or other documents
  • Grants and scholarships

Student loans are not considered income. They are debts

Some credit card providers enable you to enter fluctuating income, such as military allowances. That income could come and go.

Income from stock investments and rental property is likewise varied. The stock market fluctuates, as does the value of your portfolio. You may or may not have your rental property fully rented.

Royalty income, for example, in oil and gas is highly uncertain, but some banks allow it to be included. The same is true for royalties earned in industries such as bookselling and publishing. People who work as freelancers have relatively variable salaries, although banks frequently allow freelance income.

Even stay-at-home parents can receive a credit card if they disclose shared income from a working spouse or partner.

Don’t, under any circumstances, mislead about your annual net income on a credit card application. That is credit card fraud, which may result in a $1 million fine and 30 years in prison.

What Is Included in Annual Income?

The following items are included in annual income:

  • Before deductions, wages, salary, overtime pay, commissions, and tips or bonuses
  • Any type of social security, retirement plan, or pension
  • Welfare or disability benefits
  • Alimony or child support payments awarded by a court of law
  • Net income from running a business or working a second job
  • Interest, dividends, and any other property-related net income

Types of Annual Income

Annual income can be divided into numerous categories. The following are the most prevalent types:

#1. Wages and salaries for employment:

Employers might pay you in a variety of ways, including hourly earnings and salary. A person is usually either an hourly or a salaried employee. If you work two jobs, for example, a paid job during the week and an hourly job on weekends, you would consider both forms of earnings when computing your yearly income.

#2. Commissions, overtime pay, and bonuses:

These payments are also made by your company and are included in your yearly income. For example, if your employer gives you a $5,000 bonus during the winter holiday season, you would consider it when computing your yearly income.

#3. Self-employment income:

If you undertake freelance work or operate a business, whatever earnings you make from these ventures are included in your yearly income. Sales commissions, contract jobs, and earnings from a personally-owned business are all examples of self-employment revenue.

#4. Capital gains:

If you sell a home, automobile, or other assets during the year for which you are calculating your yearly income, you must include this in your computations. Capital gains are the earnings you make from a sale before taxes are deducted.

#5. Pensions and social security:

If you receive government social security or a pension from past employment, this is included in your annual income. These two sources of income are often exclusively available to the families of deceased, disabled, or retired employees, retirees, and disabled employees.

#6. Child support and alimony:

If you get child support or court-ordered alimony from a spouse or prior spouse, this is included in your yearly income.

#7. Disability and welfare benefits:

If you receive government disability and/or welfare benefits, you must include these in your total annual income calculation.

#8. Income and interest from investments:

Any income or interest earned from investments such as stocks and bonds is included in your yearly income.

#9. Income from rental properties:

If you own property and rent it out to tenants, the rental income you earn should be included in your yearly income until you’ve held the property for six months or less.

How to Calculate Annual Income

While some of your annual revenue will be straightforward to determine with simple addition, other income will necessitate some additional calculations. If you start a new job halfway through the year, you have yet to work for a whole year at your new employment, and you must calculate to estimate your annual income. Here’s how to figure out your annual salary.

  1. Make a list of all your sources of income.
  2. Total all yearly earnings
  3. Total all monthly earnings
  4. Calculate all hourly wage income.
  5. Add up all of your hourly earnings.
  6. Determine your final annual income.

#1. Make a list of all possible sources of income.

Make a list of all the different types of revenue you have from the list above. Include how much you earn from each source.

#2. Calculation of annual earnings

You can add up any income for which you have a full year of history.

For example, if you have $100 in interest payments, $1,000 in capital gains, and $12,000 in child support, you can add these amounts up to get a total of $13,100.

#3. Calculation of monthly earnings

Any new revenue that you receive monthly but have not yet attained a complete year’s income necessitates a simple calculation. To calculate your expected annual income, double your monthly income by 12 because there are twelve months in a year.

For example, if you earn $2,000 per month from rental revenue and $500 per month from self-employment income, total your earnings to $2,500 per month. Then, double your $2,500 per month by 12 months to achieve a projected yearly income of $30,000.

#4. Calculation of hourly pay

For income from employment that began less than a month ago, you can apply an estimate based on your hourly rate and weekly work hours. First, make a note of your hourly wage. You must get at least one paycheck to determine your true hourly earnings. Your net income is determined by the amount of money you receive from your paycheck. Make a note of the amount of money you receive from one paycheck.

Determine how many hours you worked to earn that amount of money using your pay stub. Divide your payment by the number of hours worked throughout that time period. This shows you your true hourly wage.

For example, suppose you earn $12 per hour before taxes and work 40 hours each week. You were paid $672 for two weeks of labor and worked 80 hours. You divide $672 by 80 hours to arrive at your genuine hourly wage after taxes of $8.40.

#5. Calculation of hourly pay

You can then calculate your annual employment income based on your hourly wage. Depending on the circumstances and information required, you will utilize either your adjusted hourly wage or your gross hourly wage. When you need to produce proof of take-home pay, you might use your adjusted hourly income.

However, because it is the amount of money your former employer paid you, you might use your gross hourly income when providing your salary history to a future employer. Your adjusted hourly wage is a more accurate picture of how much money you take home from each paycheck. Multiply your hourly wage by the number of hours you work every week. Then multiply that figure by 52 to indicate the fifty-two workweeks in a year.

For example, suppose you earn $8.40 per hour and work 40 hours per week. Your estimate would be $8.40 times 40 hours times 52 weeks for a total of $17,472 in annual employment income.

#6. Calculation of total annual income

The next step is to add your yearly, monthly, and hourly income figures together to find your annual income.

For example, you add your yearly income of $13,100 to your monthly income estimate of $30,000 and your hourly income calculation of $17,472 for a total of $60,572 in gross annual income.

Total Annual Income

An individual or business having many income streams or sources of profits will have a total annual income equal to the sum of all income sources.

For example, Sarah works part-time at Online Co, earning $32,000 per year, and also works part-time at Offline Co, earning $21,000 per year. What is her total annual income?

$32,000 + $21,000 = $53,000 (Total gross annual income)

If Sarah is qualified for $5,000 in deductions for school and/or childcare expenses, she may be able to reduce her taxable income in some jurisdictions. If this is the case, her net taxable income would be as follows:

$53,000 – $5,000 = $48,000 (net taxable income)

Examples of Gross and Net Annual Income Calculations

You’ll need to total up all of your different income streams once you’ve determined them. Continue reading to see examples of how to do this for both your gross and net annual incomes.

Calculating Gross Annual Income

Assume you make $2,500 per month before taxes as a delivery driver and receive a $3,000 bonus (which hasn’t yet been taxed). You also have a side company mowing lawns that paid you $6,000 last year before expenses or taxes.

To calculate your gross annual income, first determine your compensation for the year. To do so, increase $2,500 by 12 months, which is $30,000. Then you would add your $3,000 bonus, for a total of $33,000.

Next, you’d add your $6,000 lawn-mowing income to your $33,000, for a total of $39,000. This is your yearly gross revenue.

Calculating Net Annual Income

Assume you have the same salary as before, but after taxes, you only take home $2,100 per month and $2,800 from your bonus.

Your side business also required $500 in expenses and $300 in taxes, leaving you with $5,200.

Using the same calculations as earlier but with these updated figures, you arrive at a net annual income of $25,200 from your day job ($2,100 times 12), plus the $2,800 bonus and the $5,200 from your lawn mowing business.

You have a net annual income of $33,200.

What is Annual Household Income?

Household income is the total gross income of all household members aged 15 and up. A home’s members do not have to be related; all adults living under the same roof contribute to the household income.

Household income is used to assess a city’s or neighborhood’s standard of living and cost of living. Household income is generally used by mortgage lenders to determine your credibility.

Hourly Employees vs. Salary Employees

Salaried employees are paid a specific annual salary that is specified in their job contract, as well as supplemental payments for things like bonuses, commissions, and so on.
Salaried employees’ paychecks are often a set amount and provided consistently, with weekly, bimonthly, or monthly payments being the most prevalent payment patterns.

So, salaried employees are considered “exempt,” which means they are not required to be reimbursed for overtime labor. Exempt employees typically receive advantages such as access to company-sponsored health insurance, paid time off, and retirement plans, to name a few.

Hourly employees are paid a set hourly wage for each hour worked. The FLSA considers these employees to be “non-exempt,” which means they must be reimbursed with “time and a half” compensation for any additional time worked over 40 hours per week. Hourly workers must be paid at least the minimum wage.

While benefits are not as widespread for hourly workers, they do benefit from greater scheduling flexibility. Because they are only paid for the hours worked, taking time off is as simple as finding someone to cover their shift.

Earnings, Revenue, and Income

When it comes to accounting and finance, there are several terminologies that are thrown around. Income, revenue, and earnings are three of the most commonly used phrases. What exactly do these phrases mean, and are there any distinctions between them?


As previously stated, income is the total amount of money made by an individual over the course of a year. Income can be earned in a variety of ways. It can be obtained through salaried work, a side hustle, or financial investment. The majority of forms of income are taxable.


Revenue, on the other hand, is the most commonly used term in business. This phrase refers to the entire amount of money earned by a company through the sale of its goods and services over the course of a year. This figure is computed before any taxes or costs are taken from the total. A firm’s revenue is an enormously crucial metric that investors and analysts use to judge whether the company is financially sound or not.


Earnings are the profits made by a corporation in a given year. In other words, profits are the amount left over after deducting all taxes, costs, and interest from income.

However, keep in mind that a company may use these phrases interchangeably. That is, if a corporation says their income is $10 million, they may also indicate their sales revenue is $10 million.

Why Is It Necessary to Calculate Your Annual Income?

Your annual income is the most important indicator of your financial wellness. This is why it is critical to calculating your annual income each year. Knowing your income will not only assist you in creating a budget for yourself but will also demonstrate to banks and lenders whether you are capable of repaying loans and mortgages.

If you are paying alimony or child support, you must also know your annual income. Of course, knowing your annual income can assist you to file your taxes and tax returns.


There are numerous variables to consider when calculating annual revenue. When it comes to how much money you make and have available, there is a lot to consider. There are salaried exempt employees and hourly non-exempt employees, bi-weekly or monthly pay periods, taxable vs. untaxable income, and other diverse aspects that affect your take-home pay.

The crucial thing to know is that lenders (banks, credit card companies, etc.) are usually primarily interested in your gross yearly income, whereas your net annual pay is more valuable for personal budgeting and financing.

Do you still have concerns about your annual earnings? Please let us know!

Annual Income FAQ’s

How do I figure my annual income?

Because there are twelve months in a year, multiply your monthly income by 12 to get your expected annual income. For example, if you get $2,000 per month from rental revenue and $500 per month from self-employment income, add the two amounts together for a total monthly income of $2,500.

What is annual income for credit card?

A suitable annual income for a credit card is more than $39,000 for a single person or $63,000 for a family of four. Anything less than that falls below the median annual incomes of Americans. There is, however, no formal minimum income requirement for credit card approval in general.

How do I prove my income if unemployed?

To obtain an unemployment statement, contact your state’s unemployment agency. W2 statement: You can use your most recent W2 statement as proof of income. You can obtain this through your employer or via the IRS website. If you are self-employed, you can provide a bank statement as proof of income.

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