INVOLUNTARY TERMINATION: Meaning, Reasons & Impacts In The United States

involuntary termination

Involuntary termination of employment is sometimes misinterpreted and mixed up with other types of dismissal. It is critical to comprehend the distinction between the two terms. With substantial segments of the workforce facing layoffs and termination as a result of the shifting economic climate, knowing where you stand might be critical in making future decisions. The meaning of involuntary termination of employment, the reasons for termination, and parental rights are all discussed in this article.

Involuntary Termination Meaning

Involuntary termination refers to removal from employment owing to the employer’s actions or decisions rather than the employee’s. It was not caused by the employee’s conduct, and they were still willing and capable of working. It could be owing to the employer’s financial difficulties or decisions beyond its control.

Involuntary Termination Reasons

Involuntary termination of employment occurs for a variety of reasons, most of which are determined by the employer. The reasons for involuntary termination of employment are listed below.

#1. Getting fired without notice

If an employee’s work does not meet the employer’s requirements or if the person’s behavior is inappropriate for the organization, the employee may be fired without warning. In some states, it is permissible for an employer to fire an employee without cause if the individual is determined to be performing subpar work.

#2. Layoffs

This could occur if the organization decides to cut costs, restructure, or if the employee’s skill set becomes obsolete. The most crucial distinction is that layoffs occur due to no fault of the employee, whereas firings occur because the individual is directly liable. Unless there is a collective bargaining advantage, there is no assurance of being rehired even when the company resumes hiring.

#3. Unlawful dismissals

Employers can fire employees without cause if they take leave, work more than the hours specified, or complain, but they can’t fire them if they take leave, don’t work more than the hours specified, or complain. It is an illegal dismissal if an employee is fired for exercising their rights, and they have the right to sue. Dismissal is also illegal if it was not carried out following the company’s policies. An illegal dismissal is based on prejudice of any kind, whether it is based on gender, color, religion, or other factors.

#4. Retrenchment

With a few exceptions, retrenchment is quite similar to layoffs. When an employee is laid off, he or she is given advance notice and is informed of the length of the layoff. It occurs when a company wants to restructure its personnel for economic reasons or due to technology replacement.

#5. Resignation under duress

This is done to maintain one’s dignity or to avoid jeopardizing one’s chances of finding work elsewhere. If a corporation wants to avoid firing an employee, it can take steps to make the workplace less appealing. To persuade the employee to resign, they may declare that there would be no additional income increases, shift hours will be changed, and no further promotions will be offered.

#6. Retirement

In circumstances where the employee has stayed past the retirement age and the employer is aware of this, the employee may be fired unwillingly.

Involuntary Termination of Parental Rights

Involuntary termination of parental rights is a complicated and time-consuming process that requires the help of an expert family law attorney.

What Is an Involuntary Termination of Parental Rights?

Involuntary parental rights are terminated when a parent’s rights to a child are entirely and permanently terminated. That parent will lose all rights to visitation with the kid and will be unable to ask the court to amend the order in the future. Involuntary termination of parental rights is permanent, and it makes the parent a stranger to the child in the eyes of the law.

Parental Rights Termination: Involuntary vs. Voluntary

The termination of parental rights can be done in two ways: voluntarily or involuntarily. A parent will sign specific documents renouncing their parental rights in a voluntary termination. In an involuntary termination of parental rights, on the other hand, the individual seeking termination must file a case with the court and prove specific circumstances for the court to terminate the parents’ rights.

Adoption by Step-Parents

Step-parent adoption is one of the most common situations that result in a case for involuntary termination of parental rights. In a step-parent adoption, the child’s step-parent files a court lawsuit seeking to terminate one of the parental rights and adopt the child for themselves. When the original parent has little or no contact with the child and the step-parent has built a strong and lasting bond with the child, this is a regular occurrence.


In the context of a case with the DYFS/DCPP, involuntary termination of parental rights is another possibility. If a child or children are removed from a family due to neglect or abuse, DYFS/DCPP may decide that terminating parental rights is preferable to reuniting the child with their parents. This is the circumstance when the parents neglect to address the basis for the child’s removal. The child will be eligible for adoption to other family members or through the foster care system if the DYFS/DCPP is successful.

Grounds for Involuntary Termination of Employment

A court may base involuntary termination of parental rights on one of five grounds under N.J.S.A. 30:4C-15. Conviction of the parent for abandonment, neglect, or cruelty to the kid; abandonment; failure to address the reasons for removal for a year after the case began; conviction of some heinous crimes such as murder; or that it is in the best interests of the child are among these grounds. In this case, “best interest” indicates that returning the child to the father would put the child in grave danger.

Involuntary Termination Compensation

Employees may be given notice of termination and/or termination money, also known as severance pay, by some employers. Employees who have been with a company for more than three months and have been fired involuntarily are likely to experience this. A corporation that offers severance does so either as a result of a private agreement with the employee or because it is stated in the employee handbook. Keep in mind that the Fair Labor Standards Act does not necessitate severance benefits (FLSA).

Employers are not compelled by federal law to make a final paycheck to a terminated employee right away. State rules, on the other hand, may require the company to provide the impacted employee with the last salary that includes both accumulated and unused vacation days.

How Do You Fight An Employment Termination?

If your termination happens for a valid reason, such as restructuring or stealing of corporate property, you may not be able to fight it. However, there are several actions you can take if you believe you were fired without cause.

Make certain you understand the reason for your termination. If possible, take your case to your boss or the company’s human resources department. Request copies of papers such as your employment contract, any performance-related interactions between you and your employer, and your employment file. If you are a member of a union, speak with your representative. If you have a case, you can hire an employment lawyer to represent you in court.

What Is Voluntary Termination?

An employee leaving a job voluntarily is the most typical instance of voluntary termination, though it can also relate to a number of other situations. It contrasts with a layoff or firing, where the company or another party made the choice to terminate employment instead of the employee.

What Distinguishes Voluntary from Involuntary Muscles?

Skeletal muscles that can be consciously controlled to contract and relax are called voluntary muscles. These muscles control how the body moves by joining bones. On the other hand, involuntary muscles are not under conscious control.

What Makes Anything “Involuntary”?

a movement of the muscles that are often either willed or unconsciously. Voluntary muscles are those that can be controlled voluntarily. Involuntary muscles are those that are not under the control of the will (volition).

Which Prerequisite Could Be Required for an Employee to Be Fired Against Their Will?

The commission of a crime or offense against the person of the employer, a member of their immediate family, or their duly authorized representatives by the employee; fraud or willful breach of the trust placed in him by his employer or their duly authorized representatives; and other similar causes.


Companies may display or carry out involuntary termination of employment for a variety of reasons. Because of the employment-at-will theory, most states and cities do not require an employer to give an employee a reason for their termination. However, several states and towns are enacting legislation mandating employers to provide employees a cause for their dismissal, so be sure your organization follows legal procedures. To safeguard your small business and keep your employees motivated, you must manage involuntary terminations properly and lawfully.

Involuntary Termination FAQs

What is the difference between voluntary and involuntary termination?

Termination can be voluntary, such as when a worker decides to leave on their own. When a corporation downsizes, makes layoffs, or fires an individual, it is known as involuntary termination. Employees are not required to get severance packages if their employment is ended.

What are the two types of termination?

There are two types of job terminations: temporary and permanent.

  • Voluntary termination of employment is the result of the employee’s own decision. Resignation or retirement are examples of voluntary termination.
  • When an employee is fired by his or her employer, it is called “involuntary employment termination.”

What is an example of involuntary separation?

Discharges, layoffs, and downsizing or “right”-sizing are all examples of involuntary separations (a term used by firms to make downsizing appear more palatable, generally positioning it as an attempt to make the firm the “right” size for its needs by implementing layoffs).

How do you conduct an involuntary termination?

In your termination meeting, consider including the following:

  • Give a good rationale for the dismissal.
  • Look for the employee’s explanation or interpretation of the event.
  • Make it clear that this is a definitive decision.
  • Run through the advantages quickly.
  • Describe your company’s policy on job references.
  • Take what is rightfully yours from the employee.
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