MORTGAGOR VS MORTGAGEE: What Is The Difference?

Mortgagor vs mortgagee
Image credit: Toronto star

The definition of the mortgagor and the mortgagee term in real estate is often misunderstood. Most often, people mistake one for the other especially when it comes to signing a closing mortgage deal. Although your mortgage provider and real estate agent will be around to buttress things before the deal is closed, the mortgagor and mortgagee is a term you’d likely find on your contract paper. Knowing the difference between the mortgagor vs the mortgagee, their definitions, distinct rights, who or what they are as well as their responsibilities will be of utmost benefit to a borrower in real estate.

Mortgagor vs Mortgagee Definition

The definition of mortgagor vs mortgagee will not be clear unless the words are explained individually because they are both two different terms in real estate. Before a mortgage loan is issued to a borrower, there are two active contracting parties. These are the mortgagor and the mortgagee, both are usually found in the real estate contract. However, not all lenders include these terms in their contract deals. Some simply prefer using ” the lender and the borrower” instead of mortgagor vs mortgagee.

Who Is a Mortgagor vs Mortgagee

Mortgagor vs mortgagee sounds tricky and is used interchangeably but you need to differentiate them and also understand their rights. To better understand the two words, we will take them one after the other, before highlighting their key difference.

The Mortgagor

The mortgagor is the borrower of a mortgage loan. A mortgagor can be a person or an organization. The mortgagor can also refer to two or more persons who decide to take a mortgage to buy a house. People mostly assume the mortgagor is the lender when contrasting it with words like a mentor. However, in real estate, the house is bought in your name but ownership can be reverted to your mortgage in case of default, a borrower is a mortgagor, not the mortgage provider. A mortgagor commits to a lien on the mortgaged property as security for the mortgagee and makes regular payments on the loan.

The Mortgagee

The mortgagee, on the other hand, is the financial institution that lends the funds to the mortgagor to buy a home or refinance a mortgage loan. A mortgagee can be a large bank, a credit union, a community bank, or other lending institutions. The mortgagee establishes the loan terms, supervises its repayment, and retains the right to seize the property if the mortgagor defaults on their payments.

Mortgagor vs Mortgagee Rights

In dealing with the mortgagor vs the mortgagee, both have rights that must be fully expressed in real estate. These rights safeguard each party’s interest.

The Mortgagor’s Rights

In a real estate deal, the government understands that when it comes to the mortgagor vs the mortgagee term agreement, the latter may trample the borrowers’ rights by siphoning money from them through unfair practices. That is why the following rights exist to protect a mortgagor in a real estate deal. Some of these rights are as follows. 

#1.The Right of Redemption

When a mortgagor defaults on payment, the mortgagee has the right to file for foreclosure, seize the house, and put it up for sale. However, the right of redemption enables a mortgagor to reclaim his property. With this right, a mortgagor receives some number of days to reclaim the property by paying off every debt he owes the mortgagee or losing the property permanently. Also, whenever a mortgagor fulfills all obligations by paying the mortgage loan on the due date and performs all of the contract’s responsibilities, he gets back the mortgage deeds and other papers relevant to the mortgaged property that are in the mortgagee’s possession. Once this is done the mortgagor exercises full right over his property.

#2. The Right to Transfer to a Third Party

If you’d ever use the right to transfer, then you must include it in your contract. The transfer to a third party right permits the mortgagor to request that the mortgagee transfer the mortgaged property to a third party and then retransfer it to the mortgagor. 

#3. The Right to Inspect and Produce Documents

Document inspection and production rights allow the mortgagor to redeem and copy all paper documents (related to the mortgage) in the mortgagee’s possession.

#4. Additions to Property

Additions to property give the mortgagor redemption rights on any upgrades or additions added to the property. For instance, if a mortgagor builds a house on mortgaged land, he or she has the right to redeem both the land and the house.

Mortgagees’ Rights

In dealing with issues between the mortgagor vs the mortgagee in real estate, there are certain rights the mortgagee can exercise to protect his interests. Some of the most important rights of mortgagees are as follows;

#1. Right to Foreclosure

The mortgagee can file for foreclosure against a mortgagor who defaults on payment for some time. With the foreclosure right, the mortgagee seizes the property and can sell this doing a foreclosure auction.

#2. The Right of Suit for Sale

The right of suit for sale is analogous to the right of foreclosure; however, the mortgagor cannot use his right of redemption in a suit for sale. The mortgagee receives authorization to become the owner of the property, sell it, and utilize the money to satisfy its claim in this situation.

#3. Right to Sue for Mortgage Money

The right to sue for mortgage money allows the mortgagee to sue if certain conditions are met. For instance, suppose the mortgagor fails to maintain the property, and it is partially or permanently destroyed as a result of this carelessness, the mortgagee can use this right against the mortgagor. 

#4. The Right to Sell Without the Involvement of a Court

Under certain conditions, the right to sale without court intervention permits the mortgagee to sell the property without notifying the courts. If the mortgagor defaults and is unable to make payment after three months of being served with a notice, this could be one such condition.

#5. The Right to Spend Money on the Property

The right to spend money allows the mortgagee to spend money on the property for objectives such as preventing forfeiture, sale, or destruction of the mortgaged property. The mortgagee has the option of adding the money he spent to the mortgage money owed to him, and he is entitled to interest on the amount at the same rate as the principal money.

#6. Right to the Accession of the Mortgaged Property

The mortgagee can keep any improvements to the property as security if they have the right to the accession of the mortgaged property. 

#7. Possession Rights

The mortgagee also possesses the right of possession, which allows him or her to take possession of the property provided certain conditions are met.

What Is the Difference Between a Mortgagee vs a Mortgagor in Real Estate?

A mortgagor is someone who needs a mortgage to buy a new property. To put it another way, they are the people who borrow money from a financial organization such as a bank. While the mortgagee, on the other hand, is the financial institution that lends the funds to the mortgagor to help them buy a home or refinance a mortgage.

The mortgagee has the right to foreclose on the property because it is a security for the loan. In other words, if the mortgagor defaults on the debt, the mortgagee has the right to repossess the property through foreclosure. If the mortgagor defaults on their mortgage payments, the mortgagee has the right to seize and sell the property.

The mortgagor and the mortgagee decide on the payment plan and how it will work. Principal, Interest, tax, and insurance (PITI), are factored into these installments. The mortgagee draws and gives out the loan condition.

Mortgagor vs Mortgagee: Major Difference

MortgagorMortgagee
The mortgagor is the person purchasing a property with a mortgage loan.The mortgagee is the lending institution giving out loans.
Provides documentation used for assessing loan eligibility.Assess documentation provided by a mortgagor to know if they qualify for a loan.
The mortgagor agrees to the mortgagee’s term. The term of a loan includes the duration, the principal, interest, taxes, and insurance monthly payments. He decides the terms of a loan. This includes the borrower’s monthly payment.
Makes payment in installments. The regular payment includes principal, interest, taxes, and insurance PITI. Receives installment payment. He also put the tax and insurance into an escrow account.
Lease or live on the property but do not hold ownership till the mortgage loan is fully repaid.Holds ownership of the property till the mortgage loan is fully repaid.
Losses the property to the mortgagee through foreclosure sale when a loan is not paid after a while.Seizes property, and can sell to recover his money.

Mortgagor Vs Mortgagee Real Estate: Tips on Getting a Mortgage Loan

Here are some of the things you need to do when applying for a loan.

  • Improve your credit score and credit history.
  • Raise money for your down payment. If you intend to use gift money, do not forget to get the gift letter ready. know what you can afford. Also, putting down a good percentage of the down payment will give a mortgage point.
  • Calculate your PITI, principal, interest, tax, and insurance using the PITI online calculator, it will help you choose the best mortgage loan that you can afford to pay back.
  • Compare mortgage offers from various lenders.
  • Choose a lender and loan package depending on what you can afford.
  • Obtain a preapproval letter from the lender. Prepare the requested paperwork.
  • Find your dream home.
  • If you like a property, make an offer.
  • Fill out the mortgage application.
  • Await the lender’s underwriting decision.
  • Close the loan and sign the papers.

Mortgagor VS Mortgagee Definition: A Mortgagor’s Responsibilities 

There is more to mortgagor than just receiving a loan and paying it back. A mortgagor must first provide the relevant documentation and information to the mortgagee. They must also agree to the term of the mortgagee on the loan repayment. 

#1. Submit Application

Before a mortgagor finally receives a loan, the mortgagee demands he submit an application as well as other documents for verification. Then the application is assessed and a decision will be taken based on the credit report and the lender’s underwriting criteria. 

Lenders assess a mortgagor’s application with the following,

  • Credit score
  • History of credit
  • Debt-to-income DTI
  • Housing expense ratio

#2. Contract Terms Must Be Accepted

A mortgagor must also agree to the terms of the mortgagee before getting approval for a loan. If the mortgagee approves an application, the mortgagor must abide by these terms if the mortgage contract will be binding. These include the interest rate and loan terms among others. The mortgagor must also agree to make the monthly payments. The contract could also include assets for title ownership and a collateral lien on the property. A mortgage term may also specify the requirements for maintaining monthly payments as well as the consequences of missing payments. 

Mortgagor VS Mortgagee Definition: Mortgagee’s Responsibilities

The mortgagee is the lender in a real estate mortgage transaction, he has the following responsibilities to the mortgagor. Lenders are in control of the whole process. 

#1. Mortgage Origination

The mortgagee’s principal responsibility is mortgage origination. The mortgage origination involves the following;

1. Mortgage Application and Financial Review

The mortgagee reviews the mortgagor’s financial documents. Generally, a mortgagor submits certain documents which the mortgagor must review before releasing a loan.

2. Decides on Rates and Terms

The mortgagee in line with the mortgagor’s chosen duration runs the calculation on monthly payment. They do this using the current mortgage rates. 

3. Closing Mortgage Deals

The mortgagee invites the mortgagor to sign the closing contract in real estate when both parties are certified with the demand.

4. Issuing of Mortgage

When a mortgagor qualifies for a loan, the mortgagee issues this out in real estate.

#2. Mortgagee Creates Liens

Despite every step taken to ensure someone who gets a loan can repay it, sometimes, borrowers default on their loan payment. To protect themselves, the mortgagee usually insists borrowers add a lien to the mortgage contract. Liens protect a mortgagee in case a mortgagor defaults on payments. The mortgagee must add a lien, which attaches the contract to an asset. The lien would show that the lender can seize and sell the residence to recoup damages.

#3. Directing Mortgagors

Mortgagees must advise homebuyers through the loan procedure to maintain their ethics. This ensures the buyer can afford the loan and property, avoiding complications during the approval process or loan term.

Conclusion

In comparing the mortgagor vs the mortgagee, the key notable difference is in their definition and their rights in real estate. If you can get this accurately, then you can truly differentiate between them thereby effectively utilizing your right as a mortgagor or a mortgagee in real estate.

FAQs On Mortgagor vs Mortgagee

Can mortgagor sell mortgaged property?

In a simple mortgage, the mortgagor guarantees to the mortgagee that he will return the loan amount, and in the event of default, he will personally bind himself to sell the mortgaged property and refund the loan amount.

When can a mortagagor shop or hunt for a house?

The best time for a mortgagor to shop for a house is after you have been prequalified for a loan. Several people go as far as submitting an offer to a seller when they are yet to be prequalified for a mortgage loan.

What are mortgage points?

Mortgage points are also known as discount points. They are a one-time cost that you can pay to achieve a cheaper interest rate.
One mortgage point is one percent of your total loan amount, and it can cut your interest rate by one-eighth to one-fourth percent.

  1. AVERAGE DOWN HOUSE PAYMENT: How Much You Need to Buy a House 2022
  2. BUNDLE OF RIGHTS REAL ESTATE: Definition & Overview
  3. Mortgage Brokers: How do Mortgage Brokers Make Money in the US (Updated)
  4. I NEED TO BUY A HOUSE: Best Easy Guide On Buying A House In 2022
0 Shares:
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

You May Also Like