Call Option vs Put Option: Stock Options

Put vs Call option, options strategies
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If you’re a rookie, understanding the techniques and strategies of options trading will keep you abreast. Generally, trading portfolios are made up of a variety of different assets, including stocks, bonds, ETFs, and even mutual funds. Many advantages are available when options are used effectively compared to trading stocks and ETFs alone. Options belong to the bigger group of securities known as derivatives. There are many different types of derivatives, including call and put options, futures, swaps, and mortgage-backed securities. Here, we’ll discuss call vs put option, the formula, and the various options strategies you’ll need to know before you begin trading.

Call Option vs Put Option

The price movement of a call or put option is reliant on the price movement of another financial asset, making it a derivative investment. However, underlying refers to the financial product upon which the derivative is built.

A call option gives you the right to acquire the underlying asset at a specific price in the future. And you have until the contract’s expiration date to execute it. A put option, on the other hand, is when you buy the right to sell the underlying asset at a specific price until the expiration date.

Call vs put option on 100 shares of common stock is standard. A simple way to remember the difference between call and put options is that you buy a call option if you believe the price will rise and a put option if you believe the price will fall.

A call or put option is a derivative investment, which means that its price movements are a result of the price movements of another financial asset. The financial product on which a derivative is based is com

Buying and Selling Calls and Puts

To buy call and put options, you can choose to do these four things.

  • Buy long calls
  • Sell short calls.
  • Buy a long put
  • Sell short puts

Buying stocks helps you to attain a long position in the underlying stocks, while buying a call option allows you to take a potential long position in the underlying stock. However, undercutting stock results in a short position, and selling a naked or uncovered call puts you in a potential short position on the underlying stock.

Buying a put option allows you to take a short position in the underlying stock. When you sell a naked or unmarried put, you are potentially taking a long position in the underlying stock. It is important to distinguish between these four conditions. Option holders are individuals who purchase options, whereas option writers are those who sell options.

Call and put holders (buyers) are not required to buy or sell. They have the option of using their rights. This limits the risk of option buyers to the premiums. However, call and put writers (sellers) must buy or sell if the option expires in the money. This means that a seller may be liable to fulfill a buy-or-sell agreement. It also suggests that option sellers are vulnerable to additional and, in some situations, indefinite risks. This means that writers may lose far more than the cost of the option premium.

Risks of Call vs. Put Options

Call options carry the greatest risk that the stock price will only rise by a small amount. This means that you could lose money on your investment if you’re not careful. This is the case due to the higher cost per share. If the stock does not cover the premium amount, you may only get a small return on your investment. There are several ways to make money from a call, such as buying a 100-share option at $63 per share with a $1.75 premium for each share.

It’s worth $6,500 if the stock price rises to $65 a share and you exercise your option. Because you must remove the premium amount from your overall gain ($6,500-$6,300-$175=$25), this would only result in a $25 gain. However, if you purchased all the shares altogether, you would make $500 in profits.

A put option allows you to manage your portfolio’s risk. For the sake of argument, assume you own 100 shares of Stock ABC, which are currently worth $100. You can buy a put option that gives you the right to sell 100 shares at $100 each. It’s possible to exercise this option if the stock price falls below $90 per share. Therefore, instead of losing $1,000, you may simply lose the amount you spent as a premium.

Note that the examples above are at a high degree of abstraction. Investing in options can get a lot more complex if an investor picks the wrong alternatives.

Call Option vs Put Option Formula

Put-call parity is a popular option idea that should be understood by anyone interested in trading options. Parity is the relationship between futures contracts and calls and puts.

The put and call must have the same strike, expiration, and underlying futures contract to apply this theory. An equal opportunity policy emerges if put-call parity is broken, as the connection is highly connected.

The formula for put vs call parity is c + k = f + p, or the call price plus strike price of both options is equal to the futures price and put price option.

To simplify this formula, it can be expressed as the futures price divided by the call vs put option prices. Divided by the strike prices, it equals zero. If this is not the case, there is a potential imbalance. For example, futures prices are zero if the futures price is 100 minus the call price of 5 and the put price of 10 minus the 105 strike price.

Assume 103 is the futures price and 6 is the call price. 8.8 is the minimum put price. It now stands at 105 and 7 for the call, thus the futures are now worth a total of 105 and 7 respectively. There must be a drop in the put price of at least 7 percent.

If futures are at 100, the call price is 5 and the put price is 10; this is exactly what we stated earlier. For 97.5, the call is worth 3.5 cents while the put is worth 11 cents.

An arbitrage opportunity exists if a put or call does not change by the other variables in the put vs call option parity formula. 

Options Strategies for Investors: Call Option vs Put Option

Developing options strategies is the next logical step after learning the fundamentals of how options work. Here are a few options for strategies investors would want to consider: 

#1. Long call option

An increase in operating cash flow and earnings per share (EPS) are important considerations when considering an investment in a firm. In addition, you may want to keep an eye on the moving average. It is a great time to invest in your stock if it is above its moving average.

#2. Long put option

If the underlying asset price falls below the strike price, you profit. You could profit if the share price of a company with a high debt-to-equity ratio or a declining interest coverage ratio goes bankrupt. In addition, if interest rates rise, the market could crash because of the high level of leverage. As a result, buying whole-market ETFs puts could help you safeguard (hedge) your portfolio. You can now sell the put option for a profit when the market ETF price falls below the strike price.

#3. Short put option

By selling a put, or “short,” and betting that the stock’s price will rise over the strike price before expiration, this approach is the inverse of a long put. The highest a short put can earn is a cash premium in exchange for selling it. The trader must buy the shares at the strike price if the stock closes below the strike price at option expiration.

 For example, a put option with a $20 strike price and a four-month expiration date is selling at $1 per share. The contract pays a premium of $100, which equals one contract x $1 x 100 shares.

#4. Covered Call

Selling a call option (“going short”) is the basis of a covered call. If you sell a call, you can purchase 100 shares of the stock underlying that option. The short call can become a relatively safe and profitable investment if you own the stock. At expiration, traders expect the stock’s price to be lower than the strike price. The owner of the stock must sell it to the call buyer at the strike price if it ends the day higher than the price at which the option was purchased.

For example, a call option with a $20 strike price and a four-month expiration is now selling at $1. Contracts are valued at $100, which is equal to one contract multiplied by $1 and equal to the value of one hundred shares represented by one contract. They acquire 100 shares of stock for $2,000 and sell a call for $100, which nets the trader $1,100.

#5. Married Put

Married Puts, like the covered call, are complex options strategies that “marry” a long put with ownership of the underlying stock. The investor purchases one put for every one hundred shares of stock. This approach allows an investor to hold on to a stock in hopes of an increase in value while also protecting their investment if the stock price drops. Similar to purchasing insurance, an owner pays a premium in place to protect himself from the asset’s decrease.

For example, if XYZ stock is trading at $50 per share, a put with a $50 strike price is available for $5 with a six-month expiration time. It costs $500 to buy 100 shares: the $5 premium times the number of shares. The investor owns 100 shares of XYZ.

Conclusion

Writing put option is an options strategy for someone who is new to options and has a limited amount of money. Writing cash-secured puts, for example, are complex options strategies that particularly suit more experienced traders and investors. If you’re new to options and have a limited amount of money, writing puts is not a good idea. You may lose all of your premium options if the price of the underlying security does not trade below the strike price.

Call Option vs Put Option FAQs

Which is better, the put or the call option?

If you want to trade on a rise in volatility, buying a put option is the best alternative. If you are banking on volatility decreasing, selling the call option is a preferable alternative

Which is safer call or put option?

Neither is superior to the other; it simply depends on the investor’s investment objective and risk tolerance. The underlying asset’s market price change eventually accounts for a large portion of the risk

Can I buy both call and put options?

Straddles can be purchased or sold. A long straddle involves purchasing both a call and a put option on the same underlying stock, with the same strike price and expiration date. You can profit if the underlying stock moves significantly in either direction before the expiration date.

Can You Sell A Call Option Before It Hits The Strike Price?

Yes, you can, in a nutshell. Options are tradable and can be sold at any moment. Even if you don’t own them, to begin with.

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