Business Acquisition Loan: Meaning, Requirement & Rates

Business Acquisition Loan
Image Credit:

A business acquisition loan is a loan to buy an existing business. The loan is commonly used by small business owners who do not have the capital necessary to finance the purchase on their own. The requirements for a business acquisition loan, especially Small Business Administration (SBA), are usually more stringent than other loans, as borrowers might have no money down, and the rates are higher too. However, business acquisition loans can be a great way to get the financing you need to buy an existing business. Continue reading to learn more!

What Is A Business Acquisition Loan? 

A business acquisition loan is a loan businesses use to purchase an existing business. It is often used by businesses that want to expand their operations by acquiring another firm. Business acquisition loans can also involve financing and buying a business and associated costs, including inventory, equipment, and real estate.

Businesses usually use business acquisition loans to finance many purchases, such as businesses for sale, in bankruptcy, or in the process of being liquidated. They can also use these loans to finance the purchase of a franchise or to buy out the partners of an existing business.

Types Of Business Acquisition Loans

There are many types of business acquisition loans available to business owners who are looking to buy an existing business. They are:

#1. SBA Business Acquisition Loan:

An SBA Business Acquisition Loan is a loan for small business owners looking to expand their company or buy an already established business. It is a government-backed loan that is used to get an existing business, franchise, or business assets.

That is to say, the Small Business Administration backs this type of loan, which makes it easier to obtain than a traditional bank loan. If you’re looking to buy an existing business, the Small Business Administration (SBA) offers a loan program specifically for that purpose. The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) offers several loan programs to help small businesses start and grow. 

#A. SBA 7(a) loan: 

The most common type of SBA loan is the 7(a) loan, which is for various purposes, including working capital, equipment, inventory, and business acquisition. It is SBA’s most popular loan program and gives loans of up to $5 million with many repayment terms and interest rates. To be eligible for SBA 7(a) loans, company owners must have a high credit score and a track record of profitability.

#B. 504 loan:

SBA also offers the 504 loan program, specifically to get real estate and equipment. The 504 loan program provides long-term, fixed-rate financing, and it is used in major business purchases like expanding business, renovating a facility, or purchasing equipment. Its loan can be up to $5 million, with a down payment of as little as 10%.

SBA-backed loans are available from banks, credit unions, and other lenders. So, the 7(a) and 504 loan programs are available through participating lenders and offer numerous repayment terms and interest rates. These SBA-backed loans are perfect options for small companies looking for financing to grow.

One of the great things about the SBA Business Acquisition Loan is that it involves financing and purchasing an already set-up business. This means, you won’t have to start from scratch, and you can get the firm up and running quickly. The loan terms are also very favorable, making it best for those business tycoons.

#2. Startup Loan:

A startup loan is a business loan that helps entrepreneurs get their businesses off the ground. This type of loan helps with business starting costs, such as renting office space, hiring employees, and buying supplies and equipment.

Most small firms often have a difficult time securing funding, so a startup loan is the best type for getting the funds. You can obtain it from sources, including banks, credit unions, and online lenders. The terms vary depending on the lender, but they typically have lower interest rates and longer repayment terms than other types of business loans. Hence, when considering a startup loan, know the interest rate, repayment terms, and whether the loan is secured or unsecured before you sign.

#3. Business Term Loan:

A business term loan is a mortgage given to a business for a specific time. This mortgage is for any business purpose, such as expanding the business, buying new equipment, or hiring new employees. It can be short or long-term and is available for start-ups and established firms.

Nevertheless, Business term loans are repayable with interest, so it is important to factor that into your decision-making process.

#4. Equipment Financing:

While other loans are general, equipment financing loan is specific. Equipment financing is a loan that is used specifically for the purchase of equipment. The equipment serves as collateral for the loan. This type of financing is common among businesses that need to purchase expensive equipment but do not have the cash to do so.

There are a few different ways that equipment financing can be structured. One way is for the company to take out a loan and make monthly payments or lease the equipment. This means the company does not own the equipment but pays for its use over a certain period.

Overall, equipment financing can be a good option for businesses that need to purchase expensive equipment. Do not forget to compare different financing options to find the one that is best for your business.

#5. Revenue-based loan:

A revenue-based loan is a business loan in which the lender agrees to provide funding in exchange for a percentage of future revenue. This type of loan is beneficial for growing businesses that need capital to fund their expansion but may not qualify for a traditional loan. 

The downside of a revenue-based loan is that the business owner will have to give up a portion of their future revenue, which could limit their ability to reinvest in the business or take profits.

What Are The Requirements For A Business Acquisition Loan?

The requirements for a business acquisition loan are crucial for every business, whether SBA with no money down or business rates. Hence, the requirements depend on the lender, but generally speaking, the borrower must have the following:

  • First, good financial history.
  • Second, a good credit score. 
  • Third, a down payment of at least 10%. 
  • Fourth, show that he/she can repay the loan.
  • And finally, the existing business must be a good fit for the buyer’s business.

How To Apply For A Business Acquisition Loan

The application process for a business acquisition loan will vary on the lender, but it will require some basic information such as:

  • Proof of business ownership.
  • Financial statements.
  • Business plan and other relevant documents.
  • Once you have gathered all the required documentation, you can begin the application process. Then, the lender will review it and decide whether or not to approve the loan. 

Note that the lender will likely require a personal guarantee, meaning you will be responsible for repaying the loan if the business fails. Additionally, the lender decides the loan amount, interest rate, and repayment terms based on your financial information and the lender’s standards.

Business Acquisition Loan Rates

Business acquisition loan rates are usually based on the type of loan and the lender. Typically, the interest rates for business acquisition loans are higher than other loans, such as personal loans or mortgages. This is because the risks associated with business acquisitions are higher than the ones with other loans. Meanwhile, some factors can affect business acquisition rates:

  • The first factor that can affect the rate of a business acquisition loan is the borrowers’ creditworthiness. A business with a strong credit history will usually be able to secure a lower interest rate than one with a less-than-stellar credit history. 
  • The second factor that can affect the rate is the loan amount. A larger loan gets a higher interest rate than a smaller loan.

Thus, compare loan rates from many lenders. This will help you get the best possible rate on your loan and prepare to negotiate with lenders to get the best terms possible.

Can I Get A Business Loan With No Money Down? 

Yes, you can get a business loan with no money down.

Best Business Acquisition Loan With No Money Down

If you are looking for a business acquisition loan with no money down, an SBA 7(a) loan is the best option. The Small Business Administration (SBA) is a U.S. government agency that provides support to small businesses. One of the ways they do this is by guaranteeing loans made by approved lenders.

The SBA 7(a) loan program is the most popular loan program from the agency. This loan covers numerous reasons, including business acquisitions. One of the benefits of this loan is that you can get it with no money down.

To qualify for an SBA 7(a) loan, you must have a good credit history and be able to show that you can repay the loan. You will also need to have a solid business plan. Overall, acquiring a business loan with no money down can be a viable option for those looking to finance their business without putting up any personal collateral.

How Do You Finance A Business Acquisition? 

You can finance a business acquisition through bank loans, lines of credit, and loans from private lenders.

What Three 3 Major Ways Do Businesses Acquire Financing?

Three major ways businesses acquire financing include equity, debt, or a hybrid.

  • Equity financing occurs when a business sells ownership shares to investors to raise money.
  • Debt is when the business takes out loans from financial institutions, repayable with interest. 
  • Hybrid financing is a mix of equity and debt financing in which a business raises capital by selling stocks and bonds to investors.

The Pros And Cons Of Business Acquisition Loans

Here are some pros:

  • Business acquisition loans can provide the necessary funds to help a business purchase another business. 
  • The loans can help a business to diversify its portfolio. This can be a great way to reduce risk and increase potential profits. 

And Cons:

  • The loans can be very expensive and difficult to obtain. 
  • They usually have strict repayment terms, which can be a challenge for small businesses.

How Long Is A Business Acquisition Loan Term?

The loan term for a business acquisition loan is around twenty-five years.

Do Banks Give Loans To Buy A Business? 

Yes, banks will often give loans to buy a business.

How Much Will A Bank Loan For A Business Purchase? 

A bank can loan amounts ranging from $250,000 to $5,000,000.

Wrapping Up

A business acquisition loan can be difficult to obtain, as lenders typically require the borrower to have a strong credit history and a solid business plan. The loan is repaid over five to seven years, with interest rates ranging from 5% to 12%. It may be secured by the business’s assets or unsecured, and the lender determines the terms. However, these loans are good options for those that wish to buy an existing business.


Business News Daily


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You May Also Like