RESEARCH QUESTIONS: Examples of Top 10+ Research Questions, How to Write Them, Generators & Tips to Know

How to Write Good Research Questions
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A research question is the first step in any study or research. Effective research question creation is a skill that is not necessarily innate in all people. Nevertheless, creating a research question is a skill that can be learned. By first describing research questions and their significance and then going over common techniques for developing them, this article seeks to assist researchers in their pursuit of developing effective research questions. 

Research Questions 

Research questions are questions that an investigation or research project aims to resolve. These questions frequently allude to a worry or problem that is addressed in the study’s conclusion through the analysis and interpretation of the data. Research frequently serves as the foundation for a research question. Since these inquiries are open-ended, researchers can change them as they examine relevant literature and develop the study’s framework. Compared to many research projects, larger studies frequently use multiple research questions while the focus of many research projects is on a single research question.

Characteristics of a Research Question

#1. Focused

To guarantee that the researcher’s techniques and line of inquiry are specific, the question is frequently restricted in scope. Additionally, it ensures that an achievable goal is set up front for the project.

#2. Clear

It gives sufficient information to explain the study’s objectives to both researchers and people reading the study’s findings later.

#3. Relevant

 Researchers frequently pick subjects that are relevant to their industries and the general public. 

#4. Complex

A sufficiently complex research question necessitates a thorough investigation and analysis that produces new information rather than a straightforward response.

#5. Ethical

The majority of these inquiries adhere to consent guidelines that authorities may approve.

Importance of the Research Question

The main benefit of creating a good research question is that it focuses attention on a particular area of study rather than a broad topic of interest, in addition to serving as a guiding framework for research. Additionally, these questions specifically define the study’s parameters, establishing its limits and preserving its coherence. 

Types of Research Questions

Depending on the kind of research that needs to be done, research questions can be divided into various categories. Writing strong research questions can be aided by having a clear understanding of the type of research one wishes to conduct—quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-methods studies.

Quantitative Research Questions

Precision is a strength of quantitative research questions. These inquiries typically concern the research population, the dependent and independent variables, and the research methodology to be employed. Quantitative research questions also create a connection between the question and the method of the study. Moreover, these questions are not answerable with “yes” or “no” responses. 

Typically, quantitative research questions aim to comprehend specific social, familial, or educational experiences or processes that take place in a specific setting. Additionally, they can be broken down into three groups: relationship, comparative, and descriptive.

#1. Descriptive Research Questions

Try to gauge the population’s reactions to one or more variables, or specify the variables the study will use to measure them. These inquiries usually begin with “what.” To identify particular processes, students try to answer the question, “What is research?”  

#2. Comparative Research Questions

Analyze the variations between two or more groups for an outcome variable. These inquiries are also causal ones. For instance, the researcher could contrast two groups in which a particular variable is not present.

Analyze, spot, and explain trends and connections between two or more variables. This style of research question design frequently uses the terms “association” or “trends” and includes both dependent and independent variables.

Qualitative Research Questions

Broad or more specialized research areas may be the subject of qualitative research questions. Qualitative research questions share a relationship with research design with quantitative research questions. However, qualitative research questions differ from their quantitative counterparts in that they are typically adaptable, non-directional, and more flexible.

Qualitative research falls into the following categories:

  • Contextual questions: Identifying and describing current conditions are the goals of contextual research questions.
  • Evaluative questions: These inquiries measure the efficacy of protocols, methods, techniques, or theories that are already in use.
  • Explanatory questions: Researchers use these queries to investigate the rationale behind a relationship between research subjects.
  • Exploratory research questions: These inquiries look for solutions to the unexplored facets of a specific subject.

A Mixed Study

Due to the combination of qualitative and quantitative studies in this type of research, the writer’s investigation must concentrate on establishing the why or how of the research topic in addition to the what, where, and when. The author will therefore need to formulate a research question for each study called for by the assignment.

Example Research Questions

  • How does regular exercise affect stress levels among American college students?
  • What aspects of business practices have led more firms to offer environmentally friendly packaging for orders?
  • What impact does a parent’s night shift have on their relationship with their child?
  • What changes in how people watch television has the emergence of streaming services brought about?
  • What strategies can teachers employ to keep students interested in a virtual classroom environment?
  • What makes it simple for customers to navigate a grocery store
  • What impact does music have on your work performance as a whole? 

How to Write Research Questions

You should spend some time and effort writing your research questions well because they are such an important component of a research paper.

It’s crucial to arrange your questions in a logical sequence so that the survey flows. Always arrange your items in ascending order, from simple ideas to complex ones.

#1. Start With a Broad Topic

When choosing a topic, it is best to choose an area of study in which you are genuinely interested. Because the subject is so broad, writers have a lot of options when coming up with a solid research question. One way to help divide a topic into subtopics and potential research questions is to use concept mapping and brainstorming.

#2. Make a Preliminary Investigation Into Your Topic

Perform primary research on your subject to determine the types of data that are available and what can be explored. In this manner, you can choose the case that is most likely to produce the best outcomes based on the information that is not yet available.

#3. Keep the Target Audience in Mind

Consider your target audience as you gradually focus your research on a subject that appeals to a particular group of people. This will assist in obtaining precise data for research that will help your business grow and make products and services more focused on the needs of the customer. Understanding your audience is crucial for creating focused research questions for essays or dissertations. You can find elements that your audience might find interesting when you narrow down your topic.

#4. Draft Potential Questions

To assist you in gathering the data you require, create a questionnaire with both closed-ended and open-ended questions. To help you extract as much data as possible from a respondent, use question framing. For instance, in your survey, place a question about a specific product that is both open-ended and closed-ended side by side.

#5. Ask Questions About the Topic

To identify a more focused research question, start by posing open-ended “how?” and “why?” questions about your general topic. Think about “gap-spotting,” which entails locating research gaps on your subject to produce a research project. Additionally, think about problematizing, which is when you refute others’ assumptions or draw from your own experiences to analyze problems in your industry.

#6. Analyze and Review These Potential Research Questions

After the questions are written and prepared for distribution, you must evaluate their effectiveness. These inquiries need to be reviewed and rephrased if there is room for improvement. Once you’ve developed a research question, evaluate its usefulness to see if it serves the intended purpose. time should be spent on refining and revising the dissertation research question. 

#7. Brainstorm the Possible Outcomes

You can plot out the possible answers to your questions once you’ve created the appropriate inquiries. What kinds of responses are you anticipating? Will they back your current strategy? If not, what adjustments can you make to better serve your customers in light of their feedback? This step assists in preparing all survey participants and data analysts for a potential course of action based on the study’s most likely outcomes.

#8. Create a Proper Research Question

Research questions should be clearly written given their importance and should be properly structured. Look up illustrations of good research questions. You can create an effective research question by utilizing one of several frameworks. When creating the last set of inquiries, you can use the PICOT or PEO framework.

Good Research Questions

A good research question calls for objective responses and can be resolved using information already available. Additionally, a good research question seeks solutions that actively advance knowledge; as a result, it is a question that has not yet been resolved in the context of your particular research.

It must, first and foremost, concentrate on a particular area of your study. You must narrow your focus to the point where nothing can be missed to respond to a question that is too open-ended. However, it shouldn’t be so narrowly focused that the subject has received little to no prior research. Furthermore, it should be impartial rather than sounding as though you’re fishing for a particular outcome, which could come across as biased.

Your research question should seek out data that has not yet been offered by anyone else. You shouldn’t be able to respond to it with a simple yes or no or an entirely subjective opinion, but only by gathering evidence. The answer must involve synthesis and analysis rather than relying solely on one source. Additionally, it should use words that are precise and well-defined in your industry rather than words that are ambiguous and open to interpretation.

An excellent research question is:

#1. Manageable

The question should be detailed enough that you can respond in the allotted amount of time for the assignment, but not so detailed that no sources are available to assist you in answering it. A topic that is too broad will be difficult to manage because there will be too much information available to fully address the inquiry. 

#2. Researchable

While it’s important for your question to have some originality so that you aren’t just repeating what others have said, you also want to make sure that it’s one for which you can find answers.  

#3. Arguable

Your response should be something that others could reasonably dispute by taking into account various viewpoints or supporting data. To show why your response is the best one, you might even want to include oppositional arguments in your paper.

What Are Some Sources of the Research Question?

The development of research questions involves consulting a range of resources, including research supervisors, books, journals, databases, books, as well as the Internet. 

How Do You Define a Research Question?

Research questions are questions that an investigation aims to answer. The research question that a study or project aims to address is that question. Frequently, this question refers to a concern or issue, and the study’s conclusion provides an explanation based on data analysis and interpretation. 

What Are the 7 Types of Research Questions?

  • Descriptive research questions
  • Exploratory research questions
  • Explanatory research questions
  • Predictive research questions
  • Interpretive research questions
  • Evaluative research questions
  • Relationship research questions

How Do I Write My Research Questions?  

  • Pick a subject that is interesting and relevant.
  • Preliminary investigation of the topic
  • Consider your audience.
  • Create possible questions
  • Review possible questions
  • Create your final questions using the peo, picot, or finer methods. 

What Are 3 Examples of Basic Research Topics?

Basic research, also known as fundamental research, is a category of inquiry aimed at enhancing knowledge of a specific phenomenon, field of study, or natural law. 

  • A study looking into how drinking alcohol affects the human brain
  • An examination of the possibility that stress increases aggression
  • A study comparing the healthiness of a vegetarian diet to one that includes meat


Research questions offer a clear direction for the study. Research questions must be resolvable, useful, precise, and relevant to your field. Every research project, including theses and dissertations, must include a research question. It’s crucial to take some time to consider and polish your question before you begin. Please take note that the method you choose can affect how your research question is designed. For clarity, make sure to make the research question as precise and succinct as you can. If possible, refrain from using words or phrases that don’t further the meaning of the research question.

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