FEDERAL SEOG GRANT: Overview, Requirements, Application 2023 (+ Free Tips)


The Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG) is a grant given to students in need of financial assistance. It’s a type of federal grant that is given to students in the undergraduate college program and that does not need to be repaid.

An FSEOG-awarded student receives between $100.00 and $4000.00 per year depending on the severity of the person’s financial need. Applying for the grant is simply done online, but several FSEOG requirements must be met. Such as if the person is an American citizen, a Full-time student must have completed a FAFSA – Free Application for Federal Student Aid. And finally, and if the person has a significant financial need for funding for the university.

In this article, you are going to learn about all that you need to know before applying for a FEDERAL SEOG GRANT.

What is Federal SEOG Grant?

The grant helps students most who have an expected family contribution (EFC) of $0 or less. As a gift. The grant does not need to be refunded. 

The FSEOG provides need-based grants to enable low-income undergraduate students to finance the costs of a college education.

Each year, a participating institution sends a Fiscal Operations Report and Application to Participate (FISAP) to the U.S. Department of Education to ask for an FSEOG allocation. Using a legal formula, the Department decides how much money to give to each institution based on how much money it got the previous year and how many eligible students were there the year before. Institutions must contribute 25 percent of the award amounts.

How Does FSEOG Work?

The FSEOG aids low-income undergraduate students who require a large amount of financial aid to attend college. Awards might range from $100 to $4,000 per year, depending on your existing financial aid and the availability of grant monies at your institution.

Can the Federal SEOG Award be Used to Pay for Housing?

The Federal SEOG is a type of gift aid that schools give to students who have extreme financial need. As a result, the monies do not have to be repaid. Students may use their scholarship to cover tuition, books, and room & board at authorized schools.

How Much Money can I Expect to Receive From FSEOG?

How much money am I eligible for? You can receive between $100 and $4,000 every year, depending on your financial need, when you apply, how much monetary aid you receive, and the amount of funding available at your institution.

Eligibility for Federal SEOG Grant

Students must full the following conditions to be qualified for the grant:

  • Have a valid Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) on file;
  • Qualify for the Federal Pell Grant;
  • Enrol in 6 or more credit hours;
  • The expected family contribution (EFC) according to the FAFSA must be 0;
  • Be working toward his or her first bachelor’s degree;
  • Demonstrate exceptional financial need; and
  • Be making satisfactory academic progress (SAP).

It’s important to pay close attention to the eligibility requirements and ensure you remain eligible for the entire academic year.

Document Require for Federal SEOG Grant

Here are the document required for Federal SEOG Grant:

  • Your Social Security Number
  • Valid driver’s license number, if you have a license
  • Your previous year W-2 Forms and other records of money earned
  • Parents’ previous year Federal Income Tax Return (if you are a dependent)
  • Your untaxed income, if any (Social Security, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, welfare, or veterans benefits records)
  • Most recent bank statements of yours
  • Your most recent business and investment mortgage information, business and farm records, stock, bond, and other investment records
  • Your alien registration number or permanent residence card (if you are not a U.S. citizen)

FSEOG Grant Application 2023

Applying for the FSEOG grant begins by first completing the FAFSA. By the time you are done with the FAFSA form or update your form, you will be asked to include information about parent or guardian income, financial need, grades, etc. This information is the foundation for the federal funding decision for each student.

Apply here

FSEOG Grant Repayment

Students don’t have to refund the grant. However, situations may require partial payback of a federal grant. The following might leads to a refund of federal grants:

  • A student withdraws early from the educational program and/or school that they received the grant for.
  • There was a change in enrollment status that affected the student’s eligibility.
  • The student received some additional scholarships or grants that reduced the need for federal grants.

Is FSOG the Same as Pell?

FSEOG Grants are money supplied by the federal government to particular colleges and institutions for distribution to qualifying students. Unlike the Pell Grant, which is available to all qualified students, universities only receive a certain amount of FSEOG monies. As a result, some high-need children may be denied the grant.

Federal SEOG grant vs PELL grant

FSEOG grants are financial resources to participating schools, and they are created to be a supplement to the Pell Grants to students most in need of financial assistance. Not every school participates in the FSEOG and those that do must make contributions to the grant program.

However, the Pell Grant is awarded by the government while the FSEOG is awarded by the school to the student. And, students cannot receive FSEOG funds unless they have received a Pell Grant.

If you’re a student in need of extra financial aid and want to increase your chances of getting FSEOG student assistance, it’s best to talk to the schools you’re applying to and see if they offer the grant.

Also. another means to ensure that you benefit from the financial aid package is to ensure to file your FAFSA as soon as the application opens for the new school year.

What if your Pell Grant exceeds your tuition?

You can receive more than $6,000 in financial help per academic year, and Pell Grants do not have to be repaid. If you are qualified for a bigger Pell Grant than you require for school, you may be eligible for a Pell Grant return and use the excess funds for other purposes.

Can I qualify for both a pell grant and a FSEOG grant?

Students might qualify for both of these need-based grants. Both types of grants depend on how much money you need, which is determined by the FAFSA. Because of this, it is very important for students to fill out the FAFSA as soon as possible.

Is It Necessary to Repay Pell Grants if I Fail?

In general, the federal Pell Grant does not have to be repaid. Only students who do not complete the academic time for which they were awarded a federal Pell Grant will be requested to repay a portion of the grant.

How does the SEOG Grant differ from other grant programs?

The federal government offers a variety of awards that may be of benefit to students. However, the SEOG grant has some key differences that make it ideal for those who meet the requirements.

The FSEOG opportunity grant is strictly a needs-based program. Unlike other programs, grant benefits are not required to meet obligations such as teaching or working in a specific area. Also, students are not awarded based on their Grade Point Average (GPA).

The U.S. Department of Education provides each participating school with a certain amount of funds to be used to award grants. The school then awards grants to those who qualify. Once the school issues all funds for the year, no further grants are awarded. So, for students to have the best chance of getting SEOG grant money, they should apply early.

Why am I not getting the Federal SOG Grant?

You may still be ineligible for FSEOG if you have defaulted on a guaranteed student loan or have a return on a federal grant that has not yet been paid back. Specifically, you should check with your school to make sure you meet all of the prerequisites.

What is the SEOG Grant amount?

Each school awards the FSEOG opportunity grant based on an individual’s financial need. Depending on their situation, students may receive an FSEOG grant award between $100 and $4,000 per year.

If the student’s financial situation changes, the amount of their award may change. As such, it is vital to report income changes to their school to ensure they continue to meet eligibility requirements.

How can I keep receiving federal student aid?

Below are what will qualify you to keep benefiting from federal grant :

Continue to meet basic eligibility criteria

Remember that the basic eligibility criteria that allow you to obtain Federal Student Aid continue to apply for the duration of your aid, not just when you first complete the FAFSA form and receive help.

Make satisfactory academic progress

You must make satisfactory academic progress in order to continue to receive Federal Student Aid. In other words, you must achieve good grades and complete enough courses (credits, hours, etc.) to continue to successfully complete your degree or certificate within a time frame acceptable to your school.

Each school has a satisfactory academic progress policy in terms of financial aid; to see those for your school, you can go to your school’s website or ask someone at the financial aid office.

Your school’s policy will tell you what cumulative grade point average (or equivalent standard) you must maintain;

  • How fast you should be heading towards graduation (for example, how many credits you should have passed at the end of each year);
  • The extent how incomplete class, withdrawal, repetition, change of major or transfer of credits from another school affects your satisfactory academic progress;
  • How often your school will assess your progress; what will happen if you fail to make satisfactory academic progress when your school assesses you;
  • If you are allowed to appeal your school’s decision that you have not made satisfactory academic progress (grounds for appeal usually include the death of a family member, your illness or injury, or ‘other special circumstances); and how you can regain eligibility for federal student assistance.

Complete the FAFSA form each year When you complete the FAFSA form, you are requesting assistance for a specific year.

In order to receive help next year, you will need to submit next year’s FAFSA form. Fortunately, the FAFSA website makes it easier for you by allowing you to submit a FAFSA Renewal Form that remembers some information you reported the previous year and places it in your new FAFSA form.


Every year each participating school receives a certain amount of FSEOG funds from the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Federal Student Aid. Once the full amount of the school’s FSEOG funds has been awarded to students, no more FSEOG awards can be made for that year. This system works differently from the Federal Pell Grant Program, which provides funds to every eligible student.

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