Debt To Equity Ratio: Explained!!!, Formula, Calculations, Examples

debt to equity ratio, formula, what is a good ,how to calculate, examples
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In order to run your company at a good financial measure without many checks and with fairness, This topic will provide you with the information you need to assess your company’s financial support. In this article, we will learn more about the formula & how to calculate the debt to equity ratio, including some examples you can check out for a better understanding. 

Debt To Equity Ratio

Borrowing money from a bank or private lender incurs debt; it is the total amount owing, regardless of who loans the money.

Equity on the other hand are shares in a business or investments that represent a share in a corporation. Equity is a form of ownership stake, either stock or security, in a corporation. Simply put, it’s the fact that you have control of an asset after you pay all of your debt.

Therefore, in the context of a firm’s financial resources, it is a number that shows the extent to which a corporation finances resources with money and property. Thus you compute it by dividing total liabilities by the total equity of a corporation.

This ratio measures a company’s long-term stability. The amount of funds creditors do support is a percentage of total assets; while the amount of funds stockholders support is a percentage of total stockholder equity. In other words, you can call it the “external-internal equity ratio” which expresses the relationship between external equity (liabilities) and internal equity (stockholder’s equity).

In this case, this term refers to the quantity of debt and equity that a firm uses to finance its assets. You will therefore divide total liabilities by total shareholders’ equity to calculate the liability-to-equity ratio.

Benefits Of a Debt-To-Equity Ratio

There are numerous advantages to using this ratio. They are:

  1. It therefore allows investors to assess a firm’s financial health and liquidity.
  2. It also explains shareholder earnings; and thus tells you if the company has a large or low debt load, which affects earnings. Dividends paid to shareholders fall as profit falls.
  3. The ratio both helps lenders and creditors assess the reliability of small company loan applications. It also tells them if these small enterprises pay in installments.
  4. It also aids management teams in assessing market competition and improving the appropriate ratio.

Debt To Equity Ratio Formula

The formula for this ratio in calculation is by dividing total liabilities by stockholder’s equity.

Debt to equity ratio =total liabilities/ Stockholders equity

Thus the numerator consists of the total of current and long-term liabilities and the denominator consists of the total stockholders’ equity including preferred stock. You can also get both the elements of the formula from the company’s balance sheet. And here are the two elements that make up the formula:

  1. Total Liabilities: Total liabilities represent all of a company’s debt, including short-term and long-term debt, and other liabilities (e.g., bond sinking funds and deferred tax liabilities).
  2. Shareholders’ Equity: Shareholders’ equity is calculated by subtracting total liabilities from total assets. However, Total liabilities and total assets are found on a company’s balance sheet.

Formula For Debt To Equity Ratio

To calculate this ratio divide total liabilities by total equity. The debt to equity ratio is considered a balance sheet ratio because all of the elements are reported on the balance sheet.

What is a Good Debt To Equity Ratio?

One to 1.5 is considered a reasonable cost for a company. This rate, however, will vary by business because some companies rely substantially on borrowing. In capital-intensive industries like finance and manufacturing, the ratios are sometimes much higher, often exceeding two.

Debt To Equity Ratio How To Calculate

This can be calculated using a variety of templates in Microsoft Excel. Using Excel here’s how to calculate debt to equity ratio:

#1. Find The Total Debt and Total Shareholder Equity

Locate the total debt and total shareholder equity on the company’s balance sheet in the same way as you would if you were calculating the ratio on your own.

#2. Input The Numbers Into The Template

Once you’ve obtained the figures, place them in adjacent cells of the Excel template. F1 and F2 are two examples.

#3. Input The Formula

To determine the correct number, insert the figures into their respective cells and input “=F1/F2” (or the cells you used).

Debt To Equity Ratio Examples

To illustrate examples, let’s use a hypothetical example where a private company is trying to obtain capital and has to determine ratio rate. It owes $300,000 in liabilities and has $250,000 in equity.

Here’s what it would look like for the company:

Debt to equity ratio = 300,000 / 250,000

= 1.2

Here, investing is less dangerous for lenders with an equity ratio of 1.2 since the business is neither highly indebted or supported financially with money.

Let us consider another example in calculating for a company with total liabilities equal to $5,000 and shareholders’ equity amounts equal to $2,000.

                   Debt to equity ratio= total liability/ total shareholder’s equity

      = $5,000/ $2,000


What is a good debt-to-equity ratio?

One to 1.5 is considered a reasonable debt-to-equity ratio for a company. Debt to equity ratios, however, will vary companies because some companies rely substantially on borrowing

Is a debt-to-equity ratio of 0.5 good?

Debt to equity ratio of 0.5 is considered good for some companies whose rate can be a measure to that. However, it is not good too for other companies who couldn’t go with the rate.

How do you calculate debt/equity ratio?

This is calculated by dividing total liabilities by stockholder’s equity. i.e

Debt to equity ratio =total liabilities/ Stockholders equity

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