Break even point is a point where the entire cost and selling price are equal, and the firm makes no profit or loss. The business’s income and expenditure are exactly equal at this moment. When total costs are recovered, this point is also known as the minimal point of production. To calculate break even point is vital to the success of any business.
The amount of activity at which total income equals the sum of all variable and fixed costs is known as the break-even point. The activity can be measured in terms of unit sales or dollar sales. The point at which there is no profit or loss is known as the break-even point.
The break-even point can be estimated for a full company or for specific projects or activities carried out by an organization. A loss occurs when sales fall below the break-even point. Profits begin when sales exceed the break-even point.
The main goal of a break-even point study is to figure out how many units of a product must be sold in order for a business to break even. In other terms, the break-even point is the point where there is no profit and no loss.
In this article, you will learn what Break-Even Point is, how to calculate break even point, and how to determine break-even points using diverse methods.
What Is the Break Even Point?
The point at which a company’s revenues equal its costs is called the break even point. The break-even point can be calculated in one of two ways: one is by calculating the number of units that must be sold, and the other is by calculating the number of sales that must be made in dollars.
A company’s calculate break even point to determines when it, or one of its products, will become profitable. A corporation is operating at a loss if its revenue is less than the break even point. If it’s higher than that, it’s profitable.
The first time you hit a break-even point, your business usually takes a good turn. You’ve finally made enough money to cover your operational costs when you reach break-even.
You can use your break-even point to see if you need to do one or both of the following:
- Boost your prices.
- Cost-cutting
You’re losing money if your revenue is less than the break-even point. However, if your revenue exceeds the point, you have made a profit.
Calculate break even point to know how much you need to sell to pay your costs or generate a profit using the break-even point. Also, keep an eye on your break-even point to aid in budgeting, cost control, and deciding on a pricing plan.
There are a few simple break-even point formulas that might assist you in calculating your business’s break-even threshold. The first is based on the number of product units sold, while the second is based on points in sales dollars.
Here’s how to figure out your break-even point:
How to calculate break even point based on units:
Subtract the variable cost per unit from the fixed cost per unit. Fixed costs are those that remain constant regardless of how many units are sold. The revenue is the price at which you sell the product less variable costs such as labour and materials.
Break-Even Point (Units) = Fixed Costs Ã· (Revenue per Unit â€“ Variable Cost per Unit)
When determining a break even point based on sales:
Divide the contribution margin from the fixed costs.
Break-Even Point (sales dollars) = Fixed Costs Ã· Contribution Margin
Contribution Margin = Price of Product â€“ Variable Costs
How to Calculate Break Even Point ( Synonym: Calculate Break Even Point)
Calculate break even point by estimating a full company or for specific projects or activities carried out by an organization.
The main goal of a break-even point study is to figure out how many units of a product must be sold in order for a business to break even. In other terms, the break-even point is the point where there is no profit and no loss.
A loss occurs when sales fall below the calculate break even point. Profits begin when sales exceed the break-even point.
The formula for calculating break even
We know that profit is equal to sales revenues minus expenses, which include both variable and fixed costs.
Profit = Sales revenue â€“ variable costs â€“ fixed costs
where sales revenue at break-even point = Fixed Cost + Variable Cost
The equation can be represented as follows:
Profit = (unit sales price x sales volume in units) â€“ (unit variable cost x sales volume in units) â€“ fixed costs
How Calculate Break-even point method
Here are ways to calculate break even point:
- The Algebraic/Equation method
- Contribution margin method or Unit Cost Basis
- Budget Total Basis
- Graphical presentation method ( Break-even chart or CVP graph)
>. The Algebraic/Equation method:
The following equations are key in finding the break-even point as per the algebraic method.
SP = VC + FC where SP = Sales Price, VC = Variable Costs, FC = Fixed cost
SP â€“ VC â€“ FC = 0 (Break-even Point)
>. Contribution margin method or Unit Cost Basis
C.M = SP â€“ VC
Use the following formula to calculate the break-even point in sales units:
B.E Point = Fixed Costs / C.M per unit
>. Budget Total Basis
Brek-even Point = Total Fixed Cost X (Sales / Contribution Margin)
>. Graphical presentation method ( Break-even chart or CVP graph)
How to Calculate Break Even Sales
Fixed Costs Ã· Contribution Margin
Fixed Costs
Contribution Margin
The difference between a product’s price and its product expenses is known as the contribution margin.
The calculation is as follows:
(Sale price per unit â€“ Variable costs per unit)/Sale price per unit
What Happens to the Breakeven Point If Sales Change
What happens if your sales fluctuate? If the economy is in a slump, for example, your sales may suffer. If sales decline, you may find yourself unable to reach your breakeven point.
What options do you have in this situation? If you look at the breakeven calculation, you can see that there are two options for dealing with this problem: either raise your product’s price or discover ways to reduce your fixed and variable costs.
Calculate Break Even Quantity
Breakeven quantity is the number of additional units sold to pay the cost of a marketing program or other sort of investment. If the company does not sell the BEQ equivalent as a result of the investment, it will lose money and will not repay its costs.
If the corporation sells more than the BEQ, it has not only recouped its investment but has also generated a profit.
How do you calculate break even quantity
To figure out break-even quantity, start by setting up an equation where Total Revenue = Total Costs, which will mathematically represent the point at which profit is equal to zero, i.e., where you will break even, Then you must find a unit quantity that equalizes both sides of the equation (your break even quantity).
However, because the number of units sold influences both the firm’s revenue and the costs it must incur to earn it, the break even will be present on both sides of this equation. The selling price per unit multiplied by the number of units sold equals revenue.
Calculate Break Even Price
The break-even price for your product is the lowest price that will cover your fixed costs at a certain volume of sales.
Break Even Sales Price = (Total Fixed Costs/Production Volume ) + Variable Cost per Unit
The expenses that must be paid regardless of sales level are known as fixed costs. Rent, utilities, insurance, office salaries, licensing, accounting fees, and advertising are all examples of these costs. These costs are usually consistent independent of the volume of production and sales.
The costs of making a product are known as variable costs. Materials, direct labour, and supplies would all go into this category. These prices fluctuate based on the product and how it is sold, as their name suggests. A sales volume greater than the break even point will result in a profit at a given price.
Break even point calculator
To calculate break even point is an essential part of most business plans, especially for new startup businesses to ensure the business does not fail. You can calculate break even point by using a break-even point calculator to estimate your companyâ€™s profit, the number of units you need to sell to break even and the amount of revenue you need to generate to cover your fixed and variable costs.
Conclusion
Your overall sales equal your whole expenses when your business reaches the break-even point. This means you’re taking in the same amount of money as you need to meet all of your expenses and manage your company.
The first time you calculate the break-even point and have a positive result, your business usually takes a good turn. You’ve finally made enough money to cover your operational costs when you reach break-even.
FAQs on how to calculate break even point
What is the formula of break-even point?
Here is the formula for calculating the break-even point:
Break-even point= Fixed Costs Ã· Contribution Margin
How do you calculate break-even point in sales?
Divide fixed costs by revenue per unit minus variable cost per unit to find the break-even threshold based on sales. Fixed costs are those that remain constant regardless of how many units are sold. The revenue is the price at which you sell the product less variable costs such as labour and materials.
Why we use break-even analysis?
Simply put, break-even analysis helps you figure out when your firm â€“ or a new product or service â€“ will start to make money, and it’s also used by investors to figure out when they’ll recoup their investment and start generating money.
What is the formula to calculate sales?
The revenue is calculated using the sales revenue formula, which multiplies the number of units sold by the average unit price.