CYBER SECURITY CAREER: Meaning, Types, Course & Salary

Cyber security
Image Credit: CYBER NG

In today’s digital world, cyber security has become one of the most talked-about and vital topics. With the increase in the use of technology, the number of cyber-attacks has also increased. These attacks range from simple viruses to more sophisticated attacks that hijack entire systems. As a result, there is a growing demand for people with the skills and knowledge to protect systems and data from these attacks. Interesting, right? This article discusses cyber security, including the job types, course(s), and salary. So, read on!

What Is Cyber Security?

Cyber security is the practice of protecting computer networks and user data from unauthorized access or theft. It includes hardware and software technologies, and policies and procedures designed to protect data from unauthorized access. Data can include but is not limited to, the confidential information of businesses or individual users.

Cyber security is a subset of information security. There are many cyber security risks that businesses and individuals face daily. Cyber analysts are constantly generating new ways to exploit vulnerabilities to gain access to sensitive information. It is important to be aware of the latest cyber security threats and take steps to protect yourself and your business. Common cyber security measures include firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, encryption, and user authentication.

A cyber security course can give you the skills and knowledge to protect yourself and others from cyber attacks. The courses typically cover networking security, cryptography, and risk management. You will learn about different attacks to target computer systems and how to defend against them. You will also learn about cybercriminal tools and techniques and how to use them to your advantage. Hence, the goal is to protect data from unauthorized access or theft and prevent the disruption of computer networks. 

What Exactly Does Cyber Security Do? 

While cyber security is the practice of protecting computer systems and networks from digital attacks, the job is numerous. Truly, cyber security analysts do many things, and they are as follows:

  • First, cyber security analysts protect computer networks from cyberattacks and unauthorized access. 
  • Secondly, they encompass the security of devices such as computers, laptops, servers, smartphones, and the networks they connect to.
  • Thirdly, they plan, implement, and monitor an organization’s security measures. In the job of cyber security, they play a key role in protecting an organization’s valuable data.
  • Fourthly, they work to identify and protect against potential security risks and respond to security breaches. 
  • A cybersecurity analyst may also develop security policies and procedures, and train users on security awareness.

Cyber security experts earn a high salary, though it varies on the company, location, and of course job types. The job of cyber security is essential in today’s world of increasing cyber threats. With the ever-growing reliance on technology, organizations must be diligent in their efforts to protect their data and systems. Hence, a cyber security analyst can help to make this happen.

What Are The 5 Types Of Cyber Security? 

The five types of cyber security are Critical infrastructure security, Application security, Network security, Cloud security, and Internet of Things (IoT) security.

#1. Critical Infrastructure Security

Critical infrastructure security is the protection of key resources and systems essential to the functioning of a society. This includes power plants, water treatment facilities, and transportation networks. The goal is to prevent disruptions to these services that can lead to widespread havoc and chaos.

There are many threats to critical infrastructure, including natural disasters, terrorism, and cyberattacks. While it is impossible to eliminate all risks, having strong security measures in place can help mitigate the impact of an incident. This includes having redundant systems, physical security, and emergency response plans.

However, all levels of government need to work together on critical infrastructure security, as it is a shared responsibility. Private sector entities also have a role to play in protecting these vital assets. By working together, they can help ensure that society continues to function, even in the face of adversity.

#2. Application Security

Application security is the process of protecting applications from hackers or security threats. Security threats can come from many sources, including malicious code, malicious users, and system vulnerabilities. Application security measures can help to protect applications from these threats.

You can explore numerous application security measures. These measures are into two main categories: preventative measures and detective measures. Preventative measures are to prevent security threats from occurring, while detective measures are to detect and respond to security threats.

In addition, application security is an important part of overall security for any organization. Organizations should consider the threats their applications may face and implement appropriate cyber security measures.

#3. Network Security

Network security is the practice of securing a computer network from unauthorized access. It includes the physical security of the network infrastructure, as well as the security of the data transmitted over the network.

Many different threats occur to network security, and the best way to protect against them is to implement a comprehensive security strategy. This strategy should include preventive measures, such as firewalls and intrusion detection systems, and reactive measures, such as incident response plans.

Meanwhile, the goal is to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data. Confidentiality means that data is only accessible to authorized users, while integrity means that data cannot be modified without authorization, and availability means that authorized users can access the data when they need it.

#4. Cloud Security

Cloud security involves the protection of cloud-based systems, data, and infrastructure. This includes protecting the data from unauthorized access, ensuring only authorized users can access the data, and ensuring the data is safe. It also includes protecting the data from being lost or corrupted.

Cloud security’s goal is to provide the same level of security, as an on-premises data center while using the economies of scale and other advantages of the cloud. Additionally, you can consider many security concerns when securing a cloud environment. These include data security, application security, infrastructure security, and access control. 

#5. Internet of Things (IoT) Security

Internet of Things (IoT) Security refers to a network of physical objects, such as devices, vehicles, buildings, and people, connected to the Internet and can collect, exchange, and use data. IoT devices include everything from cars and industrial machines to wearable devices and home appliances.  Because these devices are connected to the Internet, they are vulnerable to cyberattacks. This is because the objects contain sensors that collect data about their surroundings and send it to other devices on the network.

IoT security is a major concern for businesses and individuals who use IoT devices. Hackers can use IoT devices to collect sensitive data, such as personal, financial, and health data. They can also use IoT devices to launch attacks on other devices and networks. 

However, IoT security is complex, and there is no one-size-fits-all solution. There are ways to improve IoT security, including device security, network security, and data security, but businesses and individuals must assess their risks and implement cyber security types or measures appropriate for their devices and networks.

What Skills Do I Need For Cybersecurity? 

Cybersecurity is a field that is constantly evolving, and as such, you need skills to be successful. However, here are some skills that are always in demand in the cybersecurity field:

  • Firstly, understanding computer systems is paramount: This includes everything from the basics of how computers work to more complex concepts such as networking and data security. 
  • The ability to think like a hacker: To protect against cyber attacks, you need to understand how hackers think and operate. This includes understanding how to find and exploit vulnerabilities in systems.
  • Strong technical skills: Cybersecurity is a highly technical field, and as such, you need to have strong technical skills. This includes being able to understand and work with complex systems and networks.
  • Excellent problem-solving skills: When something goes wrong in a system, it is usually up to the cybersecurity professional to figure out what happened and how to fix it. This requires being able to troubleshoot and solve complex problems.
  • Good communication skills: Cybersecurity professionals need to be able to communicate complex technical concepts to non-experts and collaborate with other professionals in the field. This includes explaining things in plain English and writing clear and concise reports.

What Courses Should I Take To Pursue A Cyber Security Career?

There are many types of cyber security careers, each with its required skills. However, some basic courses can help you get started in the field, regardless of your specific goals.

For example, if you want to pursue a career in network security, you should consider taking courses in network administration and network architecture from an accredited college or university. These courses will give you the foundation you need to understand how networks work and how to secure them.

If you’re interested in web security, on the other hand, you should focus on courses in web development and web design. These will teach you how to build and maintain secure websites.

No matter what type of cybersecurity career you desire, you should also consider taking cryptography and computer forensics. These will give you the skills to protect data and investigate attacks.

Moreover, a cyber security course is a great way to learn how to protect your computer from hackers and other online threats. You will learn about the latest security technologies and how to implement them to keep your system safe. The course will also teach you how to respond to a security breach and recover your data.

Cyber Security Salary 

The salary of cyber security can vary based on several factors, including experience, education, and location. However, the average cyber security salary falls between $114,000 and $160,000.

How Do I Become A Cyber Security? 

There is no exact answer, as the best way to become a cybersecurity professional may vary depending on your background and experience. However, here are a few general tips to help you become a cybersecurity expert.

  • First, consider pursuing a degree or certification in cyber security. This will give you the foundational knowledge and skills to begin your career in this field. 
  • Additionally, consider networking with other professionals in the cybersecurity field, as they can provide valuable insights and connections. 
  • And finally, keep up with the latest trends and developments in cyber security, as this field evolves constantly. By following these tips, you can set yourself on the path to becoming a cybersecurity expert.

How Do I Get Into Cyber Security? 

The best way to get into cyber security is to acquire a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related course or field. You can also take online courses to obtain certification.

Is Cybersecurity A Good Career? 

Yes, cybersecurity is a good career.

Is Cyber Security A Stressful Job? 

A cybersecurity career can be stressful and rewarding.

Is Cyber Security In Demand In Canada? 

Yes, cyber security is in high demand in Canada, as the country faces increasing cyber threats or attacks.

Is Cyber Security Harder Than Coding?

Yes, cyber security is harder than coding because it has more variables to consider. 

Final Thoughts

Cyber security is one of the most important and in-demand fields today. A career in cyber security can be very rewarding, financially and in terms of job satisfaction. There are many cybersecurity job types, and the field is constantly evolving. So, if you’re interested in this career, research and choose the right path.



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