Table of Contents Hide
- What is a Part-time Job?
- How many Hours per Week is considered Part-time?
- How Many Hours Per Day Is Full-Time?
- Part-time Hours Work Pros and Cons.
- Do you receive benefits if you work part-time?
- Agreements on Part-time Work Hours
- Common Schedules for Part-time Work
- What Are the Best Jobs for Part-Time Hours?
- Overtime for Part-Time Workers:
- When Does a Part-Time Employee Go Full-Time?
- How to Approach a Part-Time Hours Job Interview
- How are Ppart-time workers compensated?
- What Are Part-Time Hours Taxes?
- Why Is It Important to Define How Many Hours Are Part-Time?
- How old do you have to be to work part-time?
- Part-time workers’ rights
- When businesses might treat part-time employees differently
- Part Time Hours FAQ’s
- How many hours a day is part-time?
- Do I pay tax if I work part-time?
- Can I request to work part-time?
- Will I lose unemployment if I work part time?
When you’re looking for a job, one of your key jobs is going to be how many hours you’ll be asked to work. Part-time jobs might be a fantastic alternative for individuals who desire more time flexibility since they allow for more time for other interests and pursuits. However, you might be asking how many hours constitute part-time work. In this post, we will explore how many hours a week are considered part-time, as well as some of the primary advantages of working full-time hours.
What is a Part-time Job?
A part-time job is one in which the person works fewer hours per week than their employer regards to being full-time. However, based on corporate policy, an employee’s definition of part-time may differ. A corporation, for example, may regard an employee to be part-time if they work fewer than 35 hours per week.
How many Hours per Week is considered Part-time?
There are no official government criteria that specify whether an employee is classified as part-time or full-time. While the Fair Labor Standards Act outlines legally binding criteria for hours, overtime, and salaries that U.S. employers must follow, it does not specify how many hours per week a person must work in order to be deemed full-time.
Individuals working at least 35 hours per week are classified as full-time employees by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, however, this figure is merely for statistical purposes and has no legal significance. However, many organizations use this figure as a guideline for developing rules.
How Many Hours Per Day Is Full-Time?
Full time is defined by the IRS and the Affordable Care Act (called Obamacare) as anyone working 30 or more hours per week, or 130 hours or more per month. The United States Department of Labor does not define full-time employment.
Full-Time vs. Part-Time
Part-time employees normally work less than 32 hours per week, while full-time employees typically work 32-40 hours per week. So, part-time workers are typically provided with restricted perks and health care. Part-time employees are frequently ineligible for paid time off, healthcare coverage, or paid sick leave.
Part-time Hours Work Pros and Cons.
There are numerous considerations to consider before accepting a part-time job. While the employer, role, commute, and income are all essential considerations, it is also necessary to assess the benefits and drawbacks that are typical in part-time positions.
Pros of working part-time hours
Part-time jobs are ideal for people who need a consistent income but do not want to commit to a full-time schedule. Here are a few examples of part-time job benefits:
#1. Greater adaptability.
Part-time jobs are often more flexible than full-time positions and can allow you to set your own schedule. This is useful if you have other responsibilities, such as caring for a loved one, doing another job, or going to school.
#2. Income supplement.
Part-time jobs are a fantastic source of extra, consistent income that can be supplemented by other full- or part-time jobs. You might also get a part-time job to supplement your income while pursuing other ambitions such as starting your own business or going to school.
#3. Possibility to explore other hobbies.
A part-time job allows you to pursue other interests or opportunities outside of work.
Cons of working part-time hours
While a part-time job can be advantageous for some, there are a few aspects to consider before taking on this form of work:
#1. Benefits eligibility.
While some firms do provide benefits for part-time employees, many do not. During the hiring process, inquire about any perks you desire, such as health insurance or paid time off.
#2. Income reduction is a possibility.
Part-time jobs, whether paid on a set income or by the hour, can occasionally pay less than full-time jobs.
#3. Fewer opportunities for growth.
Many management professions necessitate a full-time commitment. Certain promotions may be ineligible if you are unable to work full-time.
Do you receive benefits if you work part-time?
The benefits you’ll be qualified for will depend on where you work, just like the number of hours you’ll work in a part-time job. Many businesses limit perks, such as dental insurance or a childcare stipend, to full-time employees. Others choose to extend some or all of their benefits to part-time employees. According to Reynolds, some of the perks often provided to part-time employees include paid holidays, life insurance, and paid time off (PTO).
Though some individual states and towns have more worker-friendly benefit legislation, there are a few legally protected federal benefits that part-time workers anywhere in the country may be entitled to based on their specific situation:
When people in the United States discuss benefits, health insurance is frequently at the top of the list. While some firms provide health insurance to some or all of their part-time workers, many do not. However, the Affordable Care Act (ACA), also known as Obamacare, mandates that any business with more than 50 full-time employees provide healthcare coverage to individuals who work more than 30 hours per week or 130 hours total in a given calendar month or face a penalty. Even if your employer considers you a part-time employee because you work fewer than 40 hours a week, you may be legally entitled to health insurance coverage.
The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is a United States law that requires employees to be allowed to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave without losing their jobs for the following reasons: the employee (or their spouse) has given birth, the employee has adopted a child or taken a foster child into their home, the employee has to care for an immediate family member with a serious health condition, or the employee has to care for an immediate family member with a serious health condition.
If you’ve been with a company for at least a year, worked 1,250 hours in the 12 months preceding your leave (or roughly 25 hours per week), and your employer has more than 50 employees, you can take FMLA to leave, even if you’re only working part-time, according to Reynolds.
When you work more than 40 hours per week, you are entitled to overtime pay, which must be at least one and a half times your regular pay rate. Overtime pay is available to any non-exempt part- and full-time employees who work more than 40 hours in seven consecutive days. (In general, exempt employees are paid executive, administrative, professional, computer, and outside sales specialists whose responsibilities fit certain criteria and who earn more than $684 per week or $35,568 per year.)
Though part-time employees are unlikely to work more than 40 hours per week, it may occur on occasion if there is a busy season, for example, or if they are taking over a shift to cover for a colleague. Some states and towns have greater thresholds for exempt employee salaries and/or a specific number of hours worked in a given day before overtime kicks in, so verify your local employment regulations.
Agreements on Part-time Work Hours
Many awards, enterprise agreements, and other registered agreements incorporate record-keeping provisions for part-time employees’ hours of work.
Common Schedules for Part-time Work
Part-time employees can work shorter workdays or on fewer days per week than full-time employees. Professionals interested in part-time work might choose from a variety of work schedules.
Here are a few examples of common part-time work arrangements:
#1. Schedule for freelancers
Freelance employees are typically hired on a contract basis. They may work remotely or on-site, depending on the position and the demands of the business. While freelancers are not often eligible for benefits, they may have greater freedom and control than traditional employees.
#2. Alternate Schedule
An alternate schedule is one that differs from any other schedule type currently used by an employer. Alternate scheduling may be used to meet special or temporary employee demands such as pregnancy, family concerns, or medical needs.
#3. Split Schedule
A split schedule is when an employee has many hours off between shifts. For example, a person may work from 8 a.m. to 10 a.m., followed by 3 p.m. to 9 p.m. This is a great option for folks who have other commitments that prevent them from working extended shifts.
#4. Schedule of on-call personnel
When an employee is on-call, he or she must be available to work anytime an employer requires. On-call schedules are typically rotated among employees so that no single person is obliged to remain on call at all times. On-call schedules are frequently necessary for occupations involving emergency services, such as doctors, nurses, firefighters, paramedics, and social workers.
What Are the Best Jobs for Part-Time Hours?
Part-time jobs have traditionally been the domain of retail, fast food, and hospitality work, as they frequently require flexible schedules to accommodate changes in demand. However, more professionals are increasingly working part-time to allow both the employee and the business more freedom.
When a company is in the midst of its busiest season, a full-time employee is unable to work, or another condition arises, a part-time employee may be required to work overtime hours.
Examples of Part-time Jobs
Employers who provide part-time hours typically seek employees who can be flexible and contribute wherever they are required. While there are always part-time jobs in the hospitality and retail industries, you can also usually find part-time work in whatever field you are trained in.
Here are some instances of high-paying part-time jobs:
Accountants are responsible for the analysis and management of company finances, including recording costs and calculating taxes, in addition to day-to-day monitoring and maintenance of a business’s financial activities. Accounting firms, organizations, and even individuals may hire part-time accountants during tax season.
#2. Computer programmer
Computer programmers create software using coding languages such as C++ or Java. Programmers must successfully navigate the back end of computer software while enhancing the front-end user experience. Many businesses engage part-time computer programmers to help with special projects or to cover extra work that their full-time personnel is unable to handle.
#3. Graphic designer
Graphic designers develop print and digital assets such as logos, email templates, websites, and marketing materials such as banners, advertising, and postcards. They frequently work as freelancers for multiple clients at the same time, or they may work in-house for a single firm.
#4. Management consultant
Management consultants examine a company’s processes to uncover opportunities for enhancing and optimizing efficiency. In most circumstances, management analysts try to increase an organization’s profits by lowering expenses and raising revenue. If you have substantial expertise as a director or manager, you may be able to work as a management consultant.
#5. Market research analyst
Market research analysts detect market trends by observing an audience’s purchasing behavior. Sharing this information with businesses allows them to better target and sell to their customers. Employers may recruit market research analysts on a full-time, part-time, seasonal, or contract basis.
#6. Material mover
Things movers, sometimes known as “hand laborers,” transfer materials from one site to another. In general, they work in factories and warehouses. They are frequently in charge of transferring freight around a storage facility, packaging goods to be transported, and unloading stuff. This job is frequently physically demanding.
#7. Network administrator
If you have a Bachelor’s degree in computer science or information technology, you might be interested in working as a network and computer systems administrator. Network administrators are in charge of designing and maintaining an organization’s internal network systems. They are in charge of ensuring that networks are quick and safe. When problems emerge, many businesses hire part-time IT consultants.
Part-time writers might provide content for blogs, websites, magazines, advertising, books, songs, and films. Some writers work in-house for a corporation or organization, while others work on a contract or freelance basis for many customers.
Editors are in charge of organizing, arranging, reviewing, and amending content for publishing in newspapers, books, emails, websites, or magazines. Editors may also study topic suggestions and advise the editing staff.
Overtime for Part-Time Workers:
Part-time employees may occasionally be required to work overtime or more than 40 hours per week. Overtime for part-time employees is governed by the FLSA standards for exempt and non-exempt employees. Most likely, you will be compelled to pay a part-time employee overtime, but be sure to read the laws carefully.
Sometimes what appeared to be a temporary adjustment turns out to be a long-term one, and a part-time employee may end up working full-time hours for an extended length of time.
When Does a Part-Time Employee Go Full-Time?
If a part-time employee routinely works full-time but does not receive full-time benefits, this might result in IRS and ERISA breaches. You’ll want to have a defined policy that governs when a part-time employee turns full-time so that you can consistently offer benefits across your firm.
How to Approach a Part-Time Hours Job Interview
During a job interview, you may be questioned why you prefer a part-time job over a full-time career. Employers may be attempting to determine if you’re serious about the potential role—or if you’re just looking for anything to tide you over until a full-time job comes along. You can always argue that at this point in your career, part-time work fits in better with your schedule while still allowing you to contribute professionally to a company. If you’ve previously worked part-time, explain how working a reduced schedule benefited both you and the firm.
Don’t feel obligated to create explanations for why you desire part-time work. Simply ask about needs throughout the interview process and make it clear when hours you are available to work.
Are part-time jobs often lower-level, or are there professional-level jobs with part-time hours as well?
We can find professional jobs in part-time work. Many professional part-time jobs are available as standalone roles or as part of a job-sharing arrangement in which a full-time job is shared by two part-time workers.
Part-time positions in the FlexJobs database match the following criteria:
- The job requires 35 or less hours per week, as defined by the employer.
- The position is a professional one, ranging from entry-level to executive-level.
As one of the most popular flexible work arrangements accessible, there is a wide choice of professional part-time job posts available at any time.
How are Ppart-time workers compensated?
Full-time employees are paid at the end of the month or at any other frequency determined by the firm. Part-time workers, on the other hand, face a slightly different situation. Companies typically pay them on an hourly basis. They may be paid weekly, bimonthly, or monthly. Some employees who work part-time hours may also arrange their remuneration to whatever frequency they desire.
At the end of the pay period/project, the employer multiplies the hourly rate by the number of part-time hours worked by each employee to determine the overall cost.
What Are Part-Time Hours Taxes?
The number of hours worked part-time has no bearing on the taxes paid. They are the same for both full-time and part-time employees. The employer must still withhold income taxes and FICA taxes.
The corporation must also pay unemployment taxes for both sorts of employees.
Why Is It Important to Define How Many Hours Are Part-Time?
Before they can come to an agreement, the firm and the individual must first determine how many hours are part-time.
Companies should adhere to maintaining part-time hours fairly for part-time workers and not exploit their employees. As previously stated, under the ACA, there is a minimum amount of hours that an employee must work in order to get benefits. However, in many instances, there is no upper limit, resulting in employee exploitation.
Companies in Canada have an upper restriction on the number of hours an employee can work. Regular full-time employees must work 40 hours each week under this law. Anything above that is considered overtime, and non-exempt employees are paid 1.5 times the hourly wage rate.
How old do you have to be to work part-time?
The FLSA establishes wage, hourly, and safety requirements for workers under the age of 18. And, according to the FLSA, you must be 14 years old to work, albeit there are limits on the number of hours someone under the age of 16 can work.
There are also some jobs that younger workers cannot hold due to hazardous work conditions, such as agricultural jobs or jobs that require workers to drive a car or operate machinery. Furthermore, some jobs that require employees to serve alcohol, such as restaurants and bars, may require workers to be 18 or older, but restrictions vary by state.
Part-time workers’ rights
Part-time workers are prohibited from being treated less favorably than equal full-time workers just because they work part-time.
A part-time worker works fewer hours than a full-time employee. There is no set number of hours that defines someone as full-time or part-time, but a full-time worker often works 35 hours or more each week.
Part-time employees should be treated the same as full-time employees in the following areas:
- rates of pay (including sick pay, maternity, paternity and adoption leave and pay)
- Pension opportunities and benefits
- education and advancement in the workplace
- selection for promotion and transfer, or for redundancy
- opportunities for career breaks
Some advantages are applied on a pro-rata basis (in proportion to hours worked). For example, if a full-time employee receives a £1,000 Christmas bonus and a part-time employee works half as many hours, the part-time employee should receive £500.
Overtime pay – Part-time employees may not be eligible for overtime pay until they have worked more hours than a full-time employee.
When businesses might treat part-time employees differently
In some cases, companies are not required to treat part-time workers the same as full-time employees. In certain cases, the employer must be able to demonstrate that there is a compelling cause to do so – this is known as “objective justification.”
If objectively justified, a company may give health insurance to full-time employees but not to part-time employees. Their reasoning could be that the costs involved are disproportionate to the advantages to which part-timers are entitled.
In this instance, the employer may come up with a solution, such as asking the part-time employee to contribute to the extra cost.
If a part-time employee is being treated unfairly,
Part-time employees should first address this with their employer or a trade union representative.
They have the right to have their employer provide them with a written explanation for their treatment. The request must be made in writing, and the employer must respond within 21 days.
If the employee is not satisfied that the explanation presented was objectively justifiable, he or she may be eligible to file a claim with an employment tribunal.
Because there are no legal requirements, the amount of hours you’ll be asked to work in a part-time job varies per employer. You may work the same number of hours each week, or you may work fewer hours some days or weeks than others, depending on your arrangement.
It’s also useful to know that some jobs allow you to ramp up to full-time hours if your needs alter or another opportunity arises. If your career objective is to work full-time hours for a company, accepting part-time hours and letting the employer know you’re interested in taking on additional work as needed may be useful.
Working part-time offers several advantages, and there are numerous alternatives available if you want to work fewer hours than a full-time job requires.
Part Time Hours FAQ’s
How many hours a day is part-time?
The average is 4 hours per day
Do I pay tax if I work part-time?
If you work part-time and earn more than a particular amount, your employer must take tax and national insurance contributions from your pay in the same way as you would if you worked full-time. If you work part-time for more than one employer, you will be given a specific tax code to ensure that you are taxed correctly.
Can I request to work part-time?
So, if you’ve been working for 26 weeks and wish to go from full-time to part-time hours, the law says you have the right to make that request of your employer. They are not required to agree to your request, but they must consider it fairly.
Will I lose unemployment if I work part time?
A part-time or temporary job can have an impact on your unemployment benefits. If you earn more than 50% of your weekly benefits, your benefits will be cut. For example, if your weekly benefit is $300, your part-time employment could pay you up to $150 each week.