LTV RATIO: What It Is & How to Calculate It

LTV ratio
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LTV ratio is the percentage of an asset’s worth that a lender is willing to finance debt against. It is frequently stated as a percentage. Furthermore, it is frequently higher for items more “desirable” as collateral. The value stability, secondary market activity, and ease of title transferability of an asset are typical indicators of how desirable it is to use it as collateral, among other things. Read below for more overviews of Ltv ratios.

LTV Ratio 

Before giving out a mortgage, banks and other lenders look at the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio as a way to measure the risk of lending. High LTV loan assessments are often thought of as higher-risk loans. As a result, if the mortgage is approved, the interest rate on the loan will increase.

If the LtV ratio is high, the borrower may also have to buy mortgage insurance to reduce the risk for the lender. Private mortgage insurance is the name for this kind of coverage.

How LTV Ratios Work

Your LTV ratio will increase as more money is given to you, increasing the risk that the lender is assuming. If the lender views you as a higher-risk borrower, this typically means:

  • Loan approval is more difficult to get by.
  • There’s a chance your interest rate will increase.
  • Mortgage insurance payments are possible.

If you’re working with an LTV calculation, you’re generally dealing with a loan that is supported by some sort of collateral. When you borrow money to buy a house, for instance, the loan is secured by a lien on the property. In the event that you don’t make payments, the lender has the right to seize the property and sell it through foreclosure. They seize your car If you stop paying your car loan.

True interest from lenders in purchasing your house is not present. They simply need some guarantee that, if you don’t pay, they’ll get your money back. If they only lend up to 80% of the property’s value, they can recoup their money by selling the property for less than the asking price.

How to Calculate the LTV Ratio

The LTV ratio of a home is simple to determine for interested purchasers. It goes like this:

LTVratio= APV/ MA


MA=Mortgage Amount

APV=Appraised Property Value

​The LTV ratio can be found by dividing the loan amount by the value of the property, which is given as a percentage. For instance, if you put down $10,000 to purchase a home valued at $100,000, you will need to borrow $90,000. As a result, the LTV ratio is 90 percent (90,000/100,000).

LTV is calculated by dividing the loan amount by the collateral’s value. In the case of a mortgage, this would be the amount owed on the mortgage divided by how much the property is worth. Yet, depending on the starting point, there are a number of practical techniques to compute or derive LTVs. Here are a few illustrations:

#1. Minimum Required for Equity

A good example is residential real estate.

Consider a home purchase. A lender may have a “minimum equity” requirement, which may be as low as 5% (0.05) of the purchase price as a down payment. The maximum LTV in that situation expressed as a percentage would be 95% (1-less-0.05).

#2. Greatest Risk Tolerance

It will be helpful to use the example of a business borrower that wants to finance manufacturing equipment.

Several commercial lenders will want to guarantee that there is a safety margin between the loan amount and the asset’s worth. Perhaps a financial institution’s risk team is sure that they could easily sell the equipment at a 25% discount. That probably means they’re willing to extend a maximum LTV of 75% against the asset. It is equivalent to 1 minus the “equity buffer.”

#3. Cash Flow

One example is commercial mortgages. Many commercial mortgage lenders look at a renter’s credit based on how much money they can bring in.

They often perform a mortgage ability calculation to achieve this. An analyst will use this to calculate a property’s future net operating income (NOI) and then use an assumed interest rate and a minimum debt payment obligation to calculate the present value of those future cash flows.

The maximum loan amount they will offer is whatever the current value is. The maximum LTV is determined by subtracting the loan amount from the property’s current appraised value and multiplying the result by 100 (expressed in percentage terms).

Understanding the LTV Ratio

An essential part of mortgage underwriting is figuring out the LTV ratio. It can be used to buy a home, turn an existing mortgage into a new loan, or borrow money against a property’s value.

When evaluating a mortgage, lenders use the LTV ratio to gauge the amount of risk they are willing to assume. Lenders think that there is a higher chance that the loan will not be paid back if the amount borrowed is close to or equal to the value. This means that the LTV ratio is higher. Due to the property’s extremely low equity, this is the case.

As a result, in the case of a foreclosure, the lender might have trouble selling the house for a price that will both cover the remaining mortgage balance and provide a profit.

Ways to Reduce LTV Ratio

Reducing the LTV on your loans, especially home loans, reduces costs over the life of the loan. Lowering LTV is easy because only two factors affect it: the loan amount and the asset’s value.

Spend more on the down payment. If you’re really eager to own a home or a car, saving for a sizable down payment may put your patience to the test. Also, the effort may be worthwhile in the long run.

Again, it’s crucial to comprehend how your LTV ratio influences overall borrowing costs when applying for a mortgage or an auto loan, what you can do to lower your LTV, and how doing so can save you money over the course of the loan.

What LTV Ratio Is Good

An LTV ratio of 80% or less is optimal if you’re getting a traditional loan to buy a house. Traditional mortgages with LTV ratios above 80% may require PMI, which can add tens of thousands of dollars to your payments over the life of the loan.

You can get away with exceptionally high LTV ratios with some government-backed mortgages. For example, a loan from the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) needs a minimum down payment of 3.5% and a LtV ratio of 96.5%. There is no down payment necessary for loans through the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Agriculture (100% LTV).

LTV ratio is a less important consideration for auto loans. While a car loan with a higher LTV ratio may have higher interest rates, there is no threshold that is comparable to the 80% LTV that qualifies for the best mortgage loan conditions.

What Does LTV 85% Mean? 

Hence, if a bank limits LTV to 85%, you cannot owe more than 85% of your house’s value on your mortgage and home equity loan combined. An 85% LTV, for instance, would be $170,000 using our example home’s worth of $200,000. With that information, you may borrow an additional $20,000 in addition to the $150,000 you still owe.

Is 60% LTV the Lowest?

Yes. With one of the lowest LTV criteria commonly offered by lenders, a 60% LTV mortgage will probably have some of the best and cheapest interest rates available. Also, you’ll need less borrowing if you put down a 40% deposit rather than a lower one. You’ll pay less interest overall if you take out a smaller amount of credit. Additionally, if you borrow a smaller portion of the property’s value, you might be able to pay it back faster.

However, Since interest rates went up for everyone in 2022, choosing a lower LTV ratio (if you can save up for a bigger down payment) could help you get higher interest rates and pay less total interest.

Is 90 LTV Mortgage Good?

It can be a good mortgage. LTV mortgages are often between 50% to 95%, with 90% being at the higher end of the range. There are some solutions available to you with a 90% LTV, but they come with higher rates because the lenders are taking on greater risk. You’ll probably need to have a very high credit score.

Think about whether you can save more money for a down payment or lower your mortgage payment. This will give you more options with better deals and a lower overall cost, which will save you money in the long run. You can discuss this with a mortgage professional.

Is a 65% LTV Good? 

An LTV ratio of 65% is considered to be quite low. This means that you can usually get lower interest rates on your mortgage compared to mortgages with a higher LTV, which means that your monthly mortgage payments will be lower.

If you don’t pay your mortgage, the lender will take your house to sell it and recover its money back. The lender can receive enough money to pay off the loan if the LTV is low. So, a 65% LTV mortgage requires a 35% deposit on the home’s price.

How Does a 95% LTV Mortgage Work?

A 95% mortgage, commonly referred to as a 95% loan-to-value (LTV) mortgage, is a mortgage used to buy a house with a low down payment (at least 5% but under 10% of the purchase price).

The amount you need to put down on a mortgage to cover 100% of the total purchase price is known as your deposit.


LTV ratios are an assumption rather than a proven fact. Although there is no carved-in-granite line indicating that a loan will be approved if your LTV ratio reaches a specific percentage, your chances of getting a loan enhance if it is close to an acceptable percentage.


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