Audited Financial Statement: All You Need To Know With Samples

Audited Financial Statement
Photo Credit: Gross Mendelsohn

Have you ever wondered what an audited financial statement is all about? The financial accounts of a firm reveal information about its liquidity, profitability, and prospects for expansion. They enable analysts to perform fundamental analysis to assess a stock’s value and growth potential. They may also be a warning indicator of accounting fraud or financial instability.

A financial audit’s goal is to give business owners the confidence they need to make financial choices by ensuring that financial statements are presented truthfully and in accordance with generally accepted accounting standards (GAAP).

This article will cover a detailed overview of an audited financial statement.

Audited Financial Statement

Any financial statement that a certified public accountant (CPA) has audited qualifies as an audited financial statement. A CPA will make sure that a financial statement complies with auditing standards and general accounting principles when they audit the statement. Lenders and innovators might not be confident in the accuracy of the claims you’re giving without this CPA verification.

According to the legislation, public firms must make sure that an authorized CPA audits their financial accounts. A material error-free set of financial statements has been produced by management, according to the independent audit’s assurance.

What distinguishes an Audited Report From Other Kinds of Accounting Reports?

The IRS may be the first thing that comes to mind when you hear the phrase “audit.” This is true because we frequently linked IRS investigations into potential tax filing errors by taxpayers to audits. As a result, you can perceive audits as a punishment, but they’re not; rather, they might be quite helpful for your financial accounts.

Let’s see why we contrast an audited report with the following two types of accounting reports:

  • Compiled reports: Compilation reports, which are essentially simple financial statements, can be created by any accountant. The reason it is referred to as a compiled report is that your accountant creates it by organizing your financial information into a common financial statement style. However, your accountant will note that they did not verify the accuracy of the information you provided when preparing this report.
  • Evaluated reports: Compared to a compiled report, a reviewed report is examined slightly more closely. Your accountant will use simple analytical techniques and send a select few questions to management for these reports. Your accountant will use this study to decide whether significant changes to your financial statements are necessary. Although they won’t evaluate your procedures, your accountant will confirm that your business adheres to generally accepted accounting standards.
  • Audited reports: A financial statement’s whole contents are meticulously examined for an audited report. Internal protocol testing is also required to make sure that money is moved across your business in a way that your reports truly reflect. An audit is a piece of evidence that your financial accounts are entirely accurate.

Types Of Audited Financial Statement

The primary categories of audited financial accounts are as follows:

#1. Income Statement

They display the performance of the business over the course of a fiscal year in an income statement. The statement details the earnings and outlays for the given time. The report’s final line displays the net profit or loss for the specified time.

#2. Balance Sheet

The balance sheet details the company’s financial situation as of the conclusion of the fiscal year. It indicates the worth of a company’s assets, liabilities, and equity.

The columns for assets and liabilities show the items in ascending order of liquidity, starting with the most liquid ones. The presence of assets and liabilities, as well as the veracity of the data supplied, can all be verified by the auditor.

#3. Cash flow Statement

The audited financial statements may also contain the cash flow statement. They show the cash inflows and outflows for the entire fiscal year on the cash flow statement. It gives information about whether the business will be able to pay its bills in the near term and carry on as usual.

The auditor can cross-reference the cash flow statement entries with the bank statement and examine the footnotes’ accuracy.

#4. Statement of Equity Changes

It includes the following in this:

  • The sum of the stockholders’ sharing of profit and loss.
  • The issuance of new shares, the number of dividends paid, and the balance of the reserves and surplus are all transactions with equity shareholders.
  • Corrections were made in response to earlier mistakes.
  • Any they change time accounting policies, information on how the change will affect financial statements must be disclosed.

#5. Additional Financial Statement Notes

It includes the following in the financial statements notes to the financial statements:

  • According to GAAP/IFRS, specific policies are used.
  • Accounting judgments
  • Detailed information on each sum shown on the balance sheet’s face and a financial statement.

Audit Opinion Letter

After the audit is complete, the auditor issues an audit opinion letter, which is attached to the financial statements that have undergone the audit.

The auditor describes the financial statements examined, and the auditing technique utilized in this letter. The auditor will issue an audit opinion stating that the financial statements reflect a true and fair representation of the company’s performance and position if there are no serious errors in the financial statements.

Who Should Draft Audited Financial Statements?

Any business that intends to submit its financials to lenders or investors should prepare audited financial statements. Most potential investors in your firm would demand audited financial statements rather than unaudited ones because the latter have significantly less opportunity for error.

You must also create annual audited financial statements if your company is publicly traded. While publicly traded firms must submit audited statements in accordance with federal regulatory bodies’ requirements, you can regularly produce unaudited statements throughout the year if doing so will assist you evaluate your finances.

Where To Get Audited Financial Statement

As part of their yearly filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, publicly traded firms are required to include an external audit (SEC). These are accessible through the SEC’s Edgar database. You can find the audit report under Item 8 of the company’s annual report, which is called Form 10-K.

  • Following the discovery of the 10-K report, “Edgar” offers alternatives for interactive or document viewing. One method of accessing the information is via the steps listed below.
  • Choose “Documents.”
  • View the complete 10-K report (This is usually the first item on the list.)
  • Identify Item 8 (Financial Statements and Supplementary Data)
  • Look for “Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm” Item 8.

What Do Audited Financials Do?

They meticulously examined a financial statement for an audited report, which covers every line item. It also involves evaluating internal protocols to make sure that money flows through your business as precisely as your reports portray. An audit, therefore, serves as evidence that your financial statements are truthful and accurate.

Who Prepares Audited Financial Statement?

Financial statement preparation and related disclosures are the management of the company’s duty. The company’s external, independent auditor then audited the financial statements and disclosures.

Who Need To Have Audited Financial Statements?

Someone that uses your company’s financial accounts on a third-party basis, such as a lender, investor (or other sources of money), or government regulator, may demand an audit. The Security and Exchange Commission (SEC) demands that publicly traded corporations submit audited financial statements along with their shareholder-facing reports.

How Do You Verify Financial Statement?

There are numerous ways to verify financial statements. Request the signature of a qualified public accountant on the audited financial accounts. While more examination of the financial statements is still required, commencing with audited statements provides the first validation. To confirm deposits, request bank statements.

Why Do You Need Audit Financial Statement?

If a firm wants to make sure its perception of the company’s financial performance and the situation is accurate, it may prepare a financial document for auditing. In order to provide information to an outside decision-maker, such as an investor, they may also employ audited financial accounts.

What Should I Look For When Auditing Financial Statement?

A company’s income statement, balance sheet, statement of changes in financial position, and statement of retained earnings are all prepared using specific assumptions, which are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements. To properly comprehend these publications, you must read the notes.


The Audit financial statements give accurate, up-to-date, and reliable information to the market, allowing for the projection of cash flow and lowering uncertainty, which makes it simpler to obtain funding and make growth investments.

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