Financial Sector: All you should know (+ Detailed Examples)

financial sector

Hello! looking for better answers to the financial sector? Then this article is for you. In this topic, you will get every knowledge you need to have on the financial sector, its types, and examples. Also, the role of the financial sector in economic development is well explained in this article. Meanwhile, financial sector performance, stocks, and services are not exceptional, as they are also explained in this amazing topic.

Financial Sector

The financial sector is a part of the economy that provides financial services to commercial, people, corporations, and retail customers. This segment of the economy consists of companies, institutions, and different industries. However, these institutions include banks, investment houses, insurance firms, lenders, individual managers, real estate brokers, finance companies, credit unions, etc.

Notwithstanding, the financial sector is also known as the financial intermediary between savers and borrowers. The financial sector is one of the major sectors of every developed country because practically all other sectors depend solely on it. Meanwhile, for the economy of any country to remain stable, a healthy financial sector is needed. In a real sense, this sector advances loans for businesses to expand, and grants homeowners mortgages.

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However, they are also responsible for issuing insurance policies to protect individuals, businesses, and their assets. It also helps build up retirement savings to support millions of citizens in a country. Through the services of the financial sector, consumers or businesses meet up with their goals by acquiring financial goods.

In addition, the financial sector generates a good portion of its lending and mortgage income when interest rates go down. Basically, if the rates are low, the conditions of the economy create room for spending and more capital projects. Therefore, If that occurs, the financial sector gains more, leading to additional economic growth.

What Are Examples of Financial Service Sector?

Companies in the financial services sector offer a variety of financial services across the globe. This includes banking, brokerage, mortgages, credit cards, payment services, real estate, tax and accounting, and investment funds.

Is Financial Services a Sector or Industry?

The Financial Services Sector consists of tens of thousands of depository institutions, providers of investment products, insurance companies, other credit and financing organizations, and providers of essential financial utilities and services to support these functions.

Types of Financial Sector

In the world today, the financial sector’s performance has proven independent enough to lend an arm to almost every other world economic sector. It of no doubt also it provides individuals with MSc finance a wide range of job opportunities in reputable financial organizations. Meanwhile, Below are a few major types of financial sectors everyone should consider.

#1. Banks

When we talk about banks as part of the financial sector, we talk about the central banks and other retail and commercial banks. In this sector of finance, the Central bank is the head of another branch of the banking sector as they control the activities of all other banks. In general, banks handled every check and savings account deposit, and also serve as money lenders to their customers. According to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), 10% of deposited money in the bank stays on hand while 90% goes for loans. Therefore, banks use the interests earn from the loans to give to their customers who make deposits with them.

#2. Advisory

The advisory branch of the financial sector renders help with a variety of tasks for both individuals and companies. Meanwhile, they can help by providing valuable services for businesses, real estate, and investors seeking help on how to invest. Basically, this type of financial sector helps people in making financial decisions rightly.

#3. Wealth Management

Wealth management as a branch of the financial sector offers the public the help by which they can save money intelligently. However, people receive a return on every of their investment when it’s needed. For example, If an individual has a 400 – 500K program with the help of their employer, it is a typical example of wealth management.

#4. Mutual Funds Company

This branch or type of financial sector is also known as investment companies. Basically, they don’t accept deposits but help individuals, businesses and governments raise capital through the issuance of securities. Mutual funds companies also offer a type of investment that multiple parties share. Meanwhile, these investments are managed by a professional and not the investors.

#5. Insurance Companies

Insurance companies help individuals exchange their risk of loss with them. They have a system that allows people to pay in some money monthly or annually as their safety net. These savings cover the costs of some unforeseen expenditures like death, health, accidents, property damage, and other misfortunes.

#6. Mortgage Companies

mortgage companies are financial institutions that serve the individual consumer market. However, the majority of mortgage companies specialize only in lending options for commercial real estate.

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Who Controls the Financial Sector?

The SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) is one of the most all-encompassing and potent agencies, enforces federal securities laws and regulates the majority of the securities industry.

Financial Sector Examples

Financial sector examples are also defined as accounts, services, industries, and service providers that are related to money. The various examples of the financial sector include checking accounts, savings account, investment, loans for homes, cars, personal, and business needs. Meanwhile, other financial sector examples include investment services, retirement planning, and mortgage brokers.

Who Is Involved in Financial System?

A financial system is a network of financial institutions, such as insurance companies, stock exchanges, and investment banks, that cooperate to exchange and transfer capital between locations.

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Role of Financial Sector in Economic Development

As discussed above, the financial sector plays a vital role in the economic development of a country. In this regard, individuals, businesses, and industries are mainly financed by the financial system, leading to employment growth. Meanwhile, employment growth, in turn, increases economic activity and domestic trade. Below are some of its major roles in the economic development of a country.

  • Savings-Investment Relationship
  • Growth of Capital Markets
  • Foreign Exchange Markets
  • Government Securities
  • Infrastructure and Growth
  • Trade Development
  • Employment Growth
  • Venture Capital
  • Balances Economic Growth
  • Uniform Interest Rates
  • Electronic Development
  • Political Stability
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Financial Sector Performance

Its performance includes every other economic sector of a country. This sector mobilizes savings and allocates credit across space and time. Generally, the financial sector’s performance does not only provide payment services but also helps firms and households to cope with economic uncertainties. This they achieve by hedging, pooling, sharing, and pricing risks. Meanwhile, good financial sector help to reduce the cost and risk of producing, goods trade, and services. However, when this is done it contributes to raising a good standard of living.

It serves as financial intermediaries introduced to change the direct obligations of investors into indirect obligations of financial intermediaries which have characters savers prefer. Meanwhile, this explained better how the financial sector can improve both the quantity and quality of real investment. This real investment is what brings about an increase in income per capita.

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Financial Sector Stocks

Generally, there are hundreds of stocks in the financial sector. However, each of these stocks has a wide variety in size, business dynamics, growth potential, and other related factors. But there are the best-value and fastest-growing financial stocks in the stock market today that every investor should consider. These best-value and fastest-growing financial stocks include the following below.

#1. Virtu Financial Inc

Virtu Financial Inc is a financial sector organization that serves as a market maker. They make provision of liquidity, services, and data for execution, analytics, and other money-related services to investors and individuals.

#2. White Mountains Insurance Group Ltd

White Mountains Insurance Group is a name-hold organization with subsidiaries that provide services relating to insurance. Meanwhile, they make offers available on casualty and property insurance with also products on reinsurance.

#3. Allstate Corp

Allstate Corp provides a wide range of services on insurance products through its different subsidiaries. Basically, they render service on private passenger automobiles and insurance for homeowners. Meanwhile, their services also include life insurance and an annuity with many group pension products. Currently, the organization made a public announcement early this year stating its completion of a $4 billion acquisition of National General Holdings Corp. This announcement made it a specialty personal lines insurance holding company of all time.

#4. Affiliated Managers Group Inc

Affiliated Managers Group is a universal asset managing company with many investment management firms on equity and boutique. However, its firms run in three operational sections which include institutional, mutual fund, and high net worth.

#5. Mercury General Corp

Mercury General is an insurance holding company that, through its subsidiaries, provides a wide range of policies. These policies include automobiles for personal, homeowners, and public property, as well as other kinds of insurance services. Recently, the company made an announcement on its financial results for Q4 2023, which were concluded on December 31, 2023. However, it made a net income rise of about 426.2% as its revenue grow to 8.5% compared to the year-ago quarter. This net income was excessively increased by low expenses in total than in the same quarter a year ago.

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What Are the 3 Main Roles of Financial Institutions?

The primary function of financial institutions is to provide liquidity to the economy and permit greater economic activity than would be possible otherwise. According to the Brookings Institute, banks accomplish this in three primary ways: by offering credit, by managing markets, and by pooling consumer risk.

Financial Services

Financial services are one of the most important and influential sectors in the economy of a country and are responsible for managing money. These services involve a wide range of specific activities from the banking, investing, and insurance sectors, and many more from the financial services sectors. Generally, financial services are limited to the activities of financial services firms and their professionals. But, their financial products are the actual goods, accounts, or investments they make available.

However, the financial services sector is the primary driver of any nation’s economy. It makes for a provision-free flow of capital and liquidity in the marketplace. Meanwhile, if this sector is strong, the economy grows favoring companies in the industry to manage risk better.

What Are the 9 Functions of Financial Systems?

  • Pooling of Resources
  • Facilitating Payments
  • Managing Information
  • Efficient Middleman
  • Transfer of Resources
  • Risk Management

What Is the Difference Between Financial Sector and Banking Sector?

The banking industry is primarily concerned with direct saving and lending, whereas the financial services sector includes investments, insurance, risk redistribution, and other financial activities.


The strength of the financial services sector is very vital to the healthy part of a country’s population and economy. Basically, when the sector and economy are strong enough, consumers earn more generally. However, when they earn more it always raises their confidence and purchasing power. The reason is when they want access to credit for large purchases, they will run to the financial services sector to borrow. In addition, the financial sector is traditionally among those to gain government support in times of widespread crisis in the economy. Such bailouts, however, enjoy less public support than those for other industries.

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