Financial literacy : All you need to know (+free ebooks)

Financial literacy examples

Financial literacy is needed in every field of study especially when starting some innovative business ideas.

Remember the general belief that the world revolves around money? So, neglecting the financial part of your business is to simply kill your business slowly without knowing.

This article is a complete guide on everything you should know about financial literacy and how it can improve your business by 300%.

It goes further to educate you on the components of Financial Literacy, Financial literacy for students, and importance with detailed examples. Financial literacy skills and financial literacy books (pdf) to make you a professional in weeks.

Financial literacy Definition

This is the ability to understand the terms and concepts in financing also using them to make impacts and informed decisions in financial situations.

To be called a financial literate, one has to be able to apply financial skills in real-life situations. These skills are not limited to accounting, budgeting, investment, savings, data analysis. Someone who is not financially literate is a financial illiterate.

Understanding Financial literacy

Financial literacy is the understanding of basic financial components such as saving, budgeting, investing, debt management, and more. It is the ability to make informed decisions regarding everyday financial matters using available resources.

You don’t need to be a mathematics guru to be financially literate, once you understand financial concepts and you are able to apply them in a wide range of situations then you are good to go.

For everybody who wants to make smarter financial decisions, being financially literate is one major step, if not the only one.

The public is often concerned about the quality of their public education systems and the strength of their economies. Therefore, they miss the crucial fact that financial literacy is necessary for the upcoming generation to succeed professionally.

Financial literacy statistics reveal negligence among public educators and communities in equipping their youth with the financial competencies that will help lay the foundation for a chain of positive financial choices.

Read More: Best Businesses to start that needs low financial literacy

Working with programs run by both the public and private sectors, communities can foster an understanding of the benefits of financial literacy among their citizens. Financial literacy is very essential to everybody, from making budgets, to how you spend or how you invest, to how you lend out, down to how you retire still needs some skills in financial literacy. Being financially literate is a call everybody must answer in order to make smarter money choices.

5 Basic components of financial literacy

1. Budget

A budget is an estimation of revenue and expenses over a specified future period of time and is usually compiled and re-evaluated on a periodic basis. Budgets are very essential in financial literacy. It can be made and used by individuals, businesses, including governments. Budgeting helps spend money smartly. In simple terms, it is balancing your expenses with income.

2. Compound interest

This is one of the building blocks of financial literacy. Compound interest occurs when you invest your money ( any form of investment) and reinvest the interest gotten from that investment. The interest keeps compounding and that’s why its called a compound interest. It is also called interest on interest.

3. Savings and retirement

One reason why people want to be financially literate is so that they can have enough savings and retire with a reasonable amount of money. Having a good retirement plan is one very essential benefits of being financial.

4. Accounting

Accounting is recording or documenting all transactions in a business. There is no business without a proper account, which means to be financially literate you have to understand account or employ someone who does. Accurate accounts makes firm make more informed decision.

5. Investment and stock market

Investment is putting out a fixed amount of money or buying an asset with the hope of it to generate more funds in the future. Stock market which is any place they buy and sell shares needs updated skills in finance, which means even if you are already a financial literate you will need to keep getting better.

How to improve your financial literacy skills

Improving financial literacy skill involves how to keep learning and updating your knowledge on some of the financial skills like budgeting, savings, investment, analysis and even to daily money decisions. Improving your skills in financial literacy can help you make smarter money decisions.

Here are 8 ways improve your financial literacy skills

#1. Read Financial literacy books:

There are financial literacy books with so many subheadings depending on the financial skill you would want to know more about at that particular time. These books were written out of the experience by professionals in the field. You will find some recommendations later in this article.

#2. Have a Budget:

The first step to creating a budget is tracking your money i.e. how much you earn and spend. Record your daily spending in any way possible and easy for you, soft or hardcopy. Separate fixed expenses from variable expenses, overtime it will help you set realistic goals. Doing all this will give you a proper picture of how your expenses will look like, it will enable you to know when and how to adjust some habits if necessary.

#3. Listen to financial podcasts:

Podcasts are more convenient for some individuals because they get to multi-tax. Listening to financial news or personal financial experience is a great way of improving financial literacy. Another fun way to do this for movie lovers is to look out for these 9 business movies for entrepreneurs

#4. Reverse budgeting (Pay yourself first):

This is a strategy mostly used by financial literates to reach their goals. The ‘pay yourself first’ strategy simply means paying yourself first when you get your income. For instance, your goal is to buy a house and a car, when you get your monthly income you first pay into your savings what you have planned to set aside for your goals –say $600 for house and $400 and then you sort out your fixed monthly expenses. Then that whatever remains is yours.

#5. Consult a financial professional:

At some point, you might need help in making financial decisions. It is advised you consult a professional in such a field. They will help you to analyze your present situation while helping you make better plans for a better financial future. They can also help you with the right place and time to make investments or simply contact us for help

#6. Invest in your retirement:

This starts with having a retirement goal. Whatever goal you have will help you make better decisions on how to invest in your retirement. Here financial literacy makes so much sense because most of the times how well you retire says a lot about how financially literate you are. There is a retirement plan called the 401k plan. A 401k is a qualified retirement plan that allows eligible employees of a company to save and invest for their own retirement on a tax deferred basis. Most employers set it up for their employees but it is optional for them. It is also possible to have more than one IRA (Investment Retirement Account’s) which means your options are limitless. Getting advice from a professional would also go a long way.

Importance of Financial literacy

importance of financial literacy

Financial literacy is one secrets of successful business. Imagine a business where the owner does not understand basic terms in financing, or a business were employees don’t update their financial literacy skills? How then would they make informed decisions that would benefit the business?

The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicted that by 2028 there will be 16 percent increase in demand for finance skills. Which means that as time goes on financial literacy becomes more important than it already is.

Ways financial literacy can help you in business

  1. Helps you make more financially informed decisions: Financial literacy can help you weigh your options, analyze and predict outcomes confidently.
  2. Creditors and debtors is one problem always faced in business being financially literate will help you handle them at ease.
  3. It will help you have an advanced form of bookkeeping and accounting which means your business records will be efficient. Which means the business will have a better future.
  4. understanding the impact of your actions is one great advantage of financial literacy. Financial literacy will help you and your team look at the big picture while doing anything, it will make everyone know the implications of their actions on the financial health of the organization.
Read Also: How to benefit from literacy business mentorship

5. Being financially literate will help you become a better negotiator: There is a lot of negotiating to be done in business, negotiating salaries, projects, and investments. It will help you understand things that are detrimental to your business’s financial wellbeing. And also to know when you need the help of a professional in negotiations.

6. An average level of financial literacy can save you from being defrauded because you can easily identify red flags and you know exactly when things are not going as it should. It can help you ask the right questions, which means you will know exactly when to seek professional advice.

Advancing your career in financial literacy

There are no tied rules on how to advance your career in financial literacy, you have to use the methods that works for you as an individual.

  • Taking additional courses online
  • Getting an additional degree
  • Subscribing to financial newsletters
  • Reading financial books
  • Going for paid and free seminars and workshops on finance
  • Networking with professionals
  • Having a mentor can help you

Financial Literacy for students

Financial literacy for students is highly important. involves developing the skills of being financially literate is a lifelong process which means it is safe to say we are all students of finance. The truth is that financial literacy is not emphasized in educational systems. Many school students don’t have basic knowledge in finance which means they become financial illiterates as graduates of whatever fields they study and then they end up making so many mistakes financially- they become financially irresponsible.

Want to start a business with little capital? Read this!

Imagine a student who is a financial literate at a young age and starts making smart money decisions, budgeting, investment and retirement plans coupled with whatever field of study the student has he/she is already ahead of the rest. It will be a very huge step to add financial skills to curriculum in schools or organize seminars and workshops for them.

Financial literacy books

There are financial literacy books with so many subheadings depending on the financial skill you would want to know more about at that particular time. These books were written out of the experience by professionals in the field.

Here are some financial literacy books and pdfs:

 I Hope the listed Financial literacy books help you. The richest man in Babylon can be a good start. It’s an easy to read one with lots of mind blowing lessons.

Financial Literacy Statistics in America

  1. 53% of adults are financially anxious.
  2. Two in three families lack an emergency fund
  3. 78% of adults live paycheck to paycheck
  4. Four in fine youth failed financial literacy quiz
  5. 60% of adults had credit card debt in the past year
  6. Four in five adults experience barriers to homeownership
  7. 43% of student loan borrowers are not making payments.
  8. 33% of American adults have $0 saved for retirement.
  9. 60% of adults had credit card debt in the past year
  10.  22% of millennials feel overwhelmed about their finances
  11. 16.4% of U.S. students are required to take a personal finance class in schools

Financial Literacy Courses

Here are some online certified financial literacy courses you can take at convenient times to improve your financial literacy skills. It will also boost your CV, which will give you a better shot at jobs.

  1. How to read financial statements: Financial literacy guide
  2. Personal finance: Personal budgeting for beginners
  3. Complete financial analyst training and investment courses
  4. Complete guide to investment market, investing and trading.
  5. Financial Accounting: The complete introductory crash course.

Financial Literacy Examples

Here are practical financial literacy examples to help you understand this better.

Example 1

You started a business with a capital of $3,000 and paid estimated yearly wages of $1,800. The cost of raw materials annually sums up to $2,500, with a first-year revenue of $3,500. Would you say that you made a profit of $500? Anyway, someone might be quick to say yes, but he actually made a net profit of minus $700. $1,800 + $2,500 = $4,300 in cost alone. $3,500 in revenue minus $4,300 in total costs gives $700 in losses. The cost was greater than the revenue. Moreover, if you don’t understand this component of financial literacy as it relates to your business, you might incur losses without knowing.

Example 2

Brian runs a factory, and then he realizes that he doesn’t make much from it despite his huge capital. In the course, he has changed about three different machines and the delivery bus was destroyed by an accident. So, he gets a new one, and to him, “that’s okay” because he believes his profit will cover the cost. Well, it is obvious that Brian is not financially literate because no financially literate person wouldn’t balance his cost of production with his income—he doesn’t have an efficient account book. Moreover, he didn’t also know he could reduce his costs by insuring his machines and delivery vehicles. Brian’s business might go bankrupt because he doesn’t have very basic financial skills.

How do you Practice Financial Literacy?

To practice financial literacy, there are some steps that you need to be familiar with. They include:

  • Reduce Spending
  • Learn How to Budget
  • Understand Your Credit Score
  • Understand Loans
  • Secure Your Future
  • Open a Savings Account

What Should I Learn First for Financial Literacy?

Smart spending is at the heart of financial literacy. You learn to prioritise needs over wants, use credit cards responsibly, cut back on unnecessary spending, fund purchases with savings rather than debt, and research loan options thoroughly before committing to one.

What is the Basic Rule of Financial Literacy?

Knowledgeable money management constitutes financial literacy. This includes understanding the need of saving and investing for the future and how to do so safely, as well as how to handle day-to-day financial obligations like paying bills and making necessary purchases.

What is a Financial Literate Person?

Those who are financially literate know how to use the data at their disposal to make wise choices. People who are financially literate can plan ahead and manage their resources in order to achieve their goals, no matter how large or small they may be.

What are Strong Financial Skills?

The ability to think critically and make rational choices under pressure is essential. Analytical thinking is useful in many contexts, including but not limited to the following: assessing and mitigating risk, developing sound financial strategies, and analysing and interpreting large amounts of data.

What are Basic Financial Skills?

Basic financial abilities are the fundamentals that enable you to manage your finances, increase your wealth, and avoid falling into debt. These fundamental abilities will aid you in navigating life with fewer financial difficulties and better prepare you for the real world.

What Does a Lack of Financial Literacy Lead to?

A lack of financial literacy can result in a number of hazards, including the accumulation of unmanageable debt burdens due to bad spending decisions or a failure to plan for the future. This may result in poor credit, bankruptcy, home foreclosure, or other negative outcomes.


In conclusion, financial literacy can make all the difference in your business, You can get started with the financial literacy books listed above. Separating your business from financial necessity is almost impossible. Moreover, it’s a necessity that, as you master your business strategies, you also seek to master your business finance. We can help you with three years of financial analysis and a well-detailed business plan to help you start any business anywhere. Download 500+ business plans with 3 years financial analysis

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Financial Literacy FAQ

What is an example of financial literacy?

You started a business with a capital of $3,000 and paid estimated yearly wages of $1,800. The cost of raw materials annually sums up to $2,500, with a first-year revenue of $3,500. Would you say that you made a profit of $500? Anyway, someone might be quick to say yes, but he actually made a net profit of minus $700. $1,800 + $2,500 = $4,300 in cost alone. $3,500(revenue) minus $4,300 total cost gives $700 in loss account

What are the 5 principles of financial literacy?

  • 1. Budget
  • 2. Compound interest
  • 3. Savings and retirement
  • 4. Accounting
  • 5. Investment and stock market
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