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Casinos make money by offering games of chance with average rewards that are lower than the total amount wagered. The terminologies used in producing casino records and income, as well as how this is performed, are discussed below.
How Do Casinos Make Money?
#1. The Handle
The handle is the first way that casinos make money. The handle is the most crucial component of the gaming operator, regardless of the game. It is the total amount wagered by the players. In table games, such as craps, all players place their wagers in the handle, which is made up of cash or chips. The money might go either way; the player could win or lose the bet.
It is common to mix up the handle and the drop. Any money or credit that has been exchanged for chips is referred to as the drop. Consider the game of blackjack; the metal drop box at the table’s edge is the drop. The bills and credit slips are dropped into this box by the players. The terms drop and handle are sometimes used interchangeably.
Factors Influencing the Handle
Casinos earn more money when they discover a way to increase their house advantage, the amount of time spent on each game, and the average bet. If there are no bets or a small number of participants, the handle and profit are reduced.
When considering the casino as a business model, the overall handle is a product of the average bet, time spent, and capacity utilization. This explains why most casino games are based on your average stake and the number of hours you’ve played rather than how much you’ve earned or lost. A casino with approximately 100 Explodiac slot machines is lucrative only while the machines are in use. This is when the capacity for utilization comes into play. The more machines that are used, the more money is made.
Most games have a consistent average bet. In most table games, a minimum bet is required. However, finding a blackjack game with a minimum bet of $2 or $5 is extremely rare.
Players may wish to participate, but the casino’s rules may state that the game’s minimum is $25. The casino expects to make a certain amount of money from each round of blackjack. The dealer can deal up to 375 hands to the player. If all six players bet $2, the total bet will be around $750. That is if the double-down and splits are excluded. However, if a single player bets $25, the table will produce $4,125 in just one hour. The game may become unplayable at times due to a lack of players, but the single game makes a significant difference. Low limits reduce the chances of having wealthy customers, which reduces the casino’s chances of making money.
#2. The House Edge
The casino usually has a statistical advantage in each bet, which allows them to make more money. This is known as the house edge. The casino’s theoretical advantage in a game is what makes the game a gamble. The outcome is unknown, and both parties have an equal chance of winning at any given time. That is if the player loses, the casino wins.
The house’s edge has two sides. The casino win is the total amount of money left over after all players have paid their bets. This can be a negative number if the players win more than the casino has, or it can be a positive number if the casino makes money. The drop in the casino’s hold percentage wins.
The players may have inserted $100 into a slot machine. It may only pay out $80 during the course of the day. As a result, the casino makes $20. The hold percentage is calculated based on the total number of bets. The cost of spinning the wheel could be $1 per spin. During the day, the machine may record 1000 spins, totaling $1000. The players can only win $20, so the hold percentage is $20/1,000, or 2%.
A roulette table with zero and double zero is a good example. In this game, the casino has a 5.26% house edge. The casino is likely to win 20% of the drop money at the end of the game.
This means that for every $100 that is inserted in the drop box, $20 goes to the casino. The player is likely to make several bets during the game for them being against the house edge. In the process, they win some or lose some. They eventually lose what they were willing to risk or gain a small percentage
However, everything does not depend on the house edge and handle alone because it is games that we need to consider first. So here’s a look at some of the sources of money on the casino gaming floor.
How Do Casinos Make Money from Blackjack
Blackjack seems like a game where the casino couldn’t have an edge. In fact, it appears to be a game in which a skilled player might get an advantage over the house simply by knowing how to play his cards.
After all, the probabilities of receiving different cards are the same for the player and the dealer.
And the player receives a 3 to 2 reward whenever he achieves a 2-card total of 21.
Actually, it’s easier than you think. The house edge in blackjack is caused by the fact that the player must play his hand before the dealer.
If your hand busts, you automatically lose your chips before the dealer plays her card. Even if the dealer goes bankrupt, you’ve lost your money. That alone is enough of a benefit for the casino to make a profit.
Even if you use a flawless basic strategy, you’ll probably lose roughly 30% of the time.
Even if the casino also fails, you’ve already lost your wager.
The casino also has an edge in that if the dealer gets a natural, you don’t even get to play your hand. Your only hope is to have a natural, which is used as a push. In that circumstance, you neither win nor lose any money.
How Do Casinos Make Money From Craps?
Craps is regarded for being thrilling and for offering a wide range of bets.
But, with the exception of one, every bet at the craps table pays out less than the odds of winning. The sole wager where that isn’t true is known as (appropriately) the odds bet, and it pays out at genuine odds.
However, in order to place that bet, you must first bet on the pass line or the don’t pass line. (Alternatively, come or don’t come.)
By the way, those are the best bets at the craps table, but they still give the house a 1.41% or 1.36% edge. The other craps bets are significantly worse, and they all result in a profit for the casino because they don’t pay off at the same odds of winning.
Here’s an example of a craps bet, along with its winning odds and payout odds:
The “any 7” bet is a single-roll wager that the outcome of the next dice roll will total 7.
That bet has a 5 to 1 chance of winning.
The odds are 4 to 1.
How Do Casinos Make Money From Roulette?
My favorite example of how probability works is roulette, particularly as it applies to casino games and the house edge. It’s also an easy game.
You have a spinning wheel with 38 different possibilities. This wheel’s pockets are numbered 0, 00, and 1-36. Both the 0 and the 00 are green. Half of the numbers from 1 to 36 are black, while the other half are red.
You can place a number of roulette bets, but they all have the same house edge. (With the exception of one bet, which I’ll explain here as well.)
Even money bets are the simplest and most frequently winning bets. These are the bets where you win $100 if you bet $100.
A bet on red is an example of an even-money bet. Because nearly half of the numbers are red, you have a nearly 50% chance of winning this bet.
However, the 0 and 00 make the bet not pay out at the same odds as the odds of winning.
You have 38 alternative outcomes, 18 of which are red. This equates to 18/38, or 47.37%.
You’d win that bet 18 times out of 38 if you had a statistically perfect set of 38 spins, but you’d lose it 20 times. You would gain $1800 on winning spins but lose $2000 on losing spins. You would incur a net loss of $200.
If you multiplied that by the number of spins, you’d have a loss per spin of $5.26.
All bets on an American roulette wheel pay out at odds that would be a break-even if the 0 and 00 were not there.
Read Also: The All-Time Biggest Roulette Wins
A single-number bet is a wager that wins the least often in a roulette game. This is a wager on a single number, such as 18, for example.
You have a 37 to 1 chance of winning this one, but if you do, the payout is only 35 to 1. The same averages apply here—this wager has a 5.26% edge.
However, one bet at an American roulette table has a bigger house edge than that. The 5-number bet is a wager that the ball will land on 0, 00, 1, 2, or 3.
The house edge on this bet is considerably higher—7.89%.
In an American roulette game, the sole correct strategy is to place any bet you want as long as it is not a 5-number bet. No strategy can overcome the game’s inherent mathematical advantage. Many people devise roulette strategies that include altering the quantity of your stake based on past spins of the roulette wheel. None of these systems increase your chances of winning in the long run.
The best explanation I’ve ever heard for how the various roulette betting strategies work is that it’s like adding negative numbers to produce a positive outcome. Regardless of how you slice it, those negative statistics are still negative, and you’ll end up with a long-term loss.
How Do Slot Machines and Video Poker Make Money for Casinos?
Slot machines and video poker machines both perform the same thing. They just have larger reward amounts available on their pay tables.
However, each of those potential rewards has a chance of occurring.
The payout for that possibility is always less than the likelihood of hitting it.
You have a slot machine with ten symbols, and each of those symbols has an equal chance of appearing. Assume the top prize on the machine is for lining up three cherry symbols. The payout is 900 for one.
What is the likelihood of that happening?
It’s 1/1000, or 1/10 x 1/10 x 1/10.
You will lose $1000 if you make 1000 statistically flawless spins (betting a dollar per spin). You will receive $900. That’s a net loss of $100 over 1000 plays, implying that this slot machine has a 90% payback and a 10% house edge.
Video poker games operate in the same way, though the odds are determined by the probabilities inherent in poker hands and decks of cards. The chances of getting a flush while playing Jacks or Better video poker are the same as if you were dealing from a deck of 52 cards.
I should note one significant distinction between gambling machines (such as slots and video poker) and table games.
Read Also: The Math Behind How Casinos Make Money
Table game rewards are made on an X-to-Y ratio. A single-number roulette bet, for example, pays 35 to 1.
This means that if you lose, you will lose one dollar.
If you win, you keep your stake and receive an additional $35.
However, payouts on a gambling machine are made on an X-for-Y basis.
This means that if you lose, you will lose the entire sum gambled.
However, if you win, you receive your earnings but not your original stake back. You exchanged your bet for the winnings.
This is significant since many games give an even-money reward on a specified hand or combination of reel symbols.
On a slot machine, this is simply a push. You didn’t actually win anything. You’ve just received your bet amount returned. If you were playing blackjack, you would call this a push.
Machines à sous
There is no denying that slot machines are the most popular gambling machines. As a result, these games are always at the top of the list, and people are eager to try them out. People will even search for terms such as ‘best casino online in the hopes of finding a top casino because top casinos always include top games such as slot machines.
When it comes to slot revenue, casinos get it through drops, money put in by players, or the ‘handle,’ which is the amount of cash that certain players put into the machine in the chance of winning more.
As a result, slot machines are a consistent source of revenue and will continue to be so as long as players continue to explore them.
Bonuses are utilized to entice players to visit the casino floor. It is available in both the offline and online gaming worlds and is well-known for attracting new gamers.
However, it can also be viewed as a source of money for casinos because players may wind up investing more with the goal of receiving more bonuses. This approach will undoubtedly be of tremendous assistance to casinos looking to make money in the long run.
Another source of money comes from the Baccarat land, which is a popular game that players, particularly high-rollers, come to investigate. When playing Baccarat, a player can choose between the banker’s stake, the players’ bet, and the tie bet.
When it comes to specific sources of revenue, one should be aware that casinos may levy a 5% commission on the banker’s bets, with both the player and the banker receiving a 1:1 payout.
While this is not a frequent figure, it is something you should think about before playing such games.
How do casinos make money off of random casino games?
They provide payoff odds that are less than the chances of winning.
In such a case, you can still win in the short run, but the casino will always win in the long run. The difference between the payout odds and the odds of winning is known as the house edge.
You might think of the house edge as a charge on every bet you place. Another way to look at it is as a negative interest rate on a loan.
Playing casino games can be enjoyable, but it is an expensive endeavor for a casino gambler in the long run.
It’s also a lucrative venture for the casino.
- How Online Casinos Are Making Their Money
- The All-Time Biggest Roulette Wins
- Online Casino Business Opportunities: 10 Easy Steps You Need
- The Math Behind How Casinos Make Money
- MONEY LINE: How to Bet Money Line