BUYING A BUSINESS LOAN: Steps to Buying an Existing Business

Buying a business loan
Small Business Trends

Buying a business loan can be a situation whereby an individual tries to acquire or secure a loan to purchase an already existing business. This process is usually common among business owners and entrepreneurs.

Many business owners and entrepreneurs would not want to go through the process or rather take on the challenge of starting up a new business right from scratch.

Many times, most entrepreneurs and business owners are more attracted to a business that is already up and running. This is often done by purchasing the business (already up and running) from its owner. The purpose why many business owners and entrepreneurs do this is to avoid risks.

Steps To Buying a Business Loan

Buying a business loan is simply seeking ways to get money to purchase an already established business. Most business owners and entrepreneurs who buy an already established business are simply avoiding the risks of a failed business.

For example, if you are an individual with a business idea and you are looking for investors, many times, these investors are scared of the risks of starting a business. The fear of failure usually scares investors away.

As a business owner or an entrepreneur new to the business world, you may think that you have to start from scratch, which is not quite true. Purchasing an already established business is also a good option.

You need to know that buying a business already up and running enables you to work for yourself without the hurdles and dangers associated with a startup. However, you also need to know that this advantage comes at a price, which means that you need to have adequate funds for the business and its purchase and keep it up and running.

Moreover, you will have to seek a company loan if your funds are insufficient to pay the acquisition cost. You may be able to acquire a loan and purchase an already existing business depending on a variety of circumstances.

Before this is possible, you must assess your needs and requirements, gather the necessary paperwork and documentation, and search for the best lender.

Below are some easy steps to buying an already established business. These steps include;

Step #1: Search for a business you are interested in and if it is up for purchase

If you want to purchase an existing business, you will have to look for a business you like and then know if it can be purchased. Once you have found a business of interest that can be purchased, you can follow the next steps.

Step #2: Find out the actual value and worth of the existing business

When you have found a business that you are interested in and also can be purchased, you will now have to find the value and actual worth of the business. This is to ensure that the price you will pay will be worthwhile.

Step #3: Start a negotiation for the purchase price of the business

After you have done personal research concerning the value and actual worth of the business, you can go ahead to meet up with the current owner of the business and start a negotiation.

Step #4: Create and submit an LOI (Letter of Intent)

After the negotiation, you will need to create and submit a letter of intent, also called an LOI.

Step #5: Complete the process of due diligence

Since you are buying an existing business, you must complete the due diligence.

Step #6: Acquire the necessary funds for the business

After completing the first five processes, you will need to get the required funds, which are meant to purchase the existing business. This could be from your savings or investors.

However, if you do not have the funds required for the business’s funding, you can seek a business loan.

Step #7: Purchase the Business

Once you have completed the steps above, you can officially purchase the business.

Note: While acquiring the funds you want to use for the purchase of the business, you need to also keep in mind that some extra funds will also be needed to keep the business up and running.  This is to ensure that the business keeps going and also runs at a faster pace.

How Much Do You Need to Buy a Business?

If you are a business owner or an entrepreneur planning to buy a business, then you also need to know the estimated cost.

For those buyers out there looking for an existing business to buy, you should also find one that you can afford.  For SBA, it is going to take about 10% down. That is their current requirement.

Apart from the 10%, there will be things like your rent deposits, your operating capital, the reserves, some due diligence expenses that may occur while buying, some bank fees, and even some closing costs. All these expenses will stack up.

Can I Get a Loan to Buy a Business With No Money Down?

If this question was asked several years back, then the answer would be no. However, there have been recent developments and improvements, which have led to an increase in the variety of options concerning situations like this.

Of course, you can get a loan to buy a business with no money. Furthermore, you need to know that this solely depends on the lender. Banks and financial institutions can loan you money for businesses, but it comes with several conditions and requirements.

What Type of Loan Is Needed to Buy an Existing Business?

In the United States, the most common and recommended loan for buying a business is an SBA loan, also known as Small Business Administration.

The Small Business Administration (SBA) has a wide variety of options from which several business owners and entrepreneurs can choose.

How Long Are Loans to Buy a Business?

If you are planning on buying a business and want to know how long it would take, then you also need to know that it varies, depending on the lender, bank, or financial institute.

Generally, the normal period for a bank to grant you a loan to purchase a business is 60 – 90 days. As mentioned earlier, this process varies depending on the lender, bank, or financial institution. It may take less or a more extended period.

If you have all the requirements and qualifications, then you will be able to secure a loan. However, if you do not have some necessary documents or requirements, then it may take a longer period.

Is It Hard to Get a Business Acquisition Loan?

Acquisition loans are usually given to companies, business organizations, or entrepreneurs by banks to buy certain assets, which is a necessity for their various businesses.

When it comes to business acquisition loans, it is not difficult to secure. The process will be fast and easy if you have all the necessary documents and requirements.

How Do I Qualify for a Business Acquisition Loan?

When qualifying for a business acquisition loan, there are some specific requirements that lenders will be paying attention to. Some of these requirements are:

  1. Credit Score: In every bank or financial institution, there is always a check in the individual’s credit score. This is why it is advisable to maintain a good credit score.
  2. A Signed LOI: An LOI means a letter of intent. You will need to create a letter of intent that must be signed.
  3. Corporate or personal tax returns for at least three years.
  4. A down payment
  5. A schedule of your debt

These are the basic requirements.

How Much Will Banks Loan to Buy a Business?

The amount of money a bank will loan an entrepreneur or a business owner to buy a business can be up to a million. However, you need to know that this varies from bank to bank.

Each bank has its requirements, and although they are similar, they vary.

How Do You Buy an Existing Business?

For you to buy an existing loan, there are certain steps you will need to take. They include:

  1. Search for a business of your interest.
  2. Find out if the company is up for sale.
  3. Get the actual worth of the business.
  4. Start a negotiation.
  5. Construct an LOI.
  6. Go through the due diligence process.
  7. Purchase the business.

Buying a Business Loan Rates

The percentage of business loan rates depends on the loan you are trying to acquire—for example, bank loans, online business loans, SBA loans, etc. For online business loans, the interest rates are from 7% to 100%, bank loans are from 2% to 13%, and SBA loans are from 3.7% to 10.5%.


Buying a business loan is not a difficult process. All you need is a step-by-step guide to help you get the requirements, making the process easier and faster.


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