EQUITY FORMULA: How to Calculate & & All You Need

equity formula
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In general, when it comes to equity, you don’t give out any amount to a shareholder; you have to calculate the rate shareholders should get. Well, that is why you need the equity formula. for starters. You also need the formula for the shareholders’ or stakeholders’ equity to arrive at the value and the return of equity. All these terms may be new to you, or may not. Either way, this post will help you get on track.

Equity Formula 

We can typically call equity the net value of a business because it’s an amount for all the shareholders if the business liquidates all the assets of the business and clears all debt. In summary, equity is the measurement of a business’s net worth after deducting all the liabilities’ value from the value of the assets. 

Therefore, it is a common financial formula that most financial analysts use to assess the financial state of a business. Mathematically, the representation of the equity formula goes as follows:

  • Total Equity = Total Assets – Total Liabilities

Consequently, there is also a different approach to calculating the equity formula. However, any approach that works for you, arrives at accurate results when applied correctly. Meanwhile, the calculation of total equity is thus below; 

  • Total Equity = Common Stock + Preferred Stock + Additional Paid-in Capital + Retained Earnings – Treasury Stock

Understanding Equity Formula

You should note that there are different forms of this ownership unit, which include preferred and common stock. Furthermore, there are also many sections in the shareholders’ equity of the balance sheet. They include;

  • Common stock, additional paid-in capital
  • Retained earnings
  • Treasury stock

Like I said earlier, calculating the equity equation is easy if you follow the right steps. There are two easy steps of deriving the following and they include; 

  • Step 1: Pull together the total assets and the total liabilities from the balance sheet.
  • Step 2: Calculate the equity by deducting the total liabilities from the total assets.

Just like the formulas, there are also, other steps to follow in order to arrive at the equity formula of your business. The steps include:

  • Step 1: Gather all of the categories from the balance sheet that fall under the shareholder’s equity. Common stock, extra paid-in capital, retained earnings, and treasury stock is examples of these assets.
  • Step 2: Then, as you can see from the indication below, you need to add up all of the categories except treasury stock, which you must subtract from the total.

Total Equity = Common Stock + Preferred Stock + Additional Paid-in Capital + Retained Earnings – Treasury Stock

Stakeholders’ Equity Formula 

Basically, stakeholders are people whom the project you’re working on affects both in a good and a bad way. Stakeholders provide practical and financial assistance to your company. Stakeholders are people who care about your business, from workers to loyal consumers and investors. They increase the number of individuals who care about the success of your business, making you feel less alone in your endeavors.

What Do Stakeholders’ Inputs Entail?

Stakeholders are an important part of a business and also an important detail of the equity formula. This is particularly why businesses feel their input. There are three major categories of resources (stakeholder inputs) and they include;

  • The firm requires acquired products and services.
  • The business also needs assets to transform acquired goods and services into cash.
  • Sales
  • The corporation needs personnel with the expertise and labor to run the assets
  • Convert purchased goods and services into sales

Furthermore, to calculate the stakeholder’s equity formula is the same as that of the shareholders. meaning that you practically use one formula to solve for the stakeholders and shareholders’ equity. The formula is thus;

  • Subtract the total liabilities from total assets.
  • Alternatively, you can calculate it by taking the sum of share capital and retained earnings, less treasury stock

Shareholders’ Equity Formula

Shareholders’ equity refers to the owners’ claim on the company’s assets once you’ve paid off your business obligations. You can also refer to it as stock capital. A corporation’s investment (shareholders’ capital, equity capital, contributed capital, or paid-in capital) has two parts. The first one is the money you invest in the company after the first payment, either through ordinary or preferred stock or other investments. The second category of earnings is retained earnings, which are net earnings that the business has not yet distributed to its shareholders.

The entire assets minus the total liabilities is what you can also use, to determine shareholder equity. This statement typically shows how the firm spent its capital investments and income over the time period as well as its dividend income in the business.

Shareholders’ Equity Calculation

When the business liquidates assets and pays off its debts, then shareholders’ equity is typically the owner’s claim. You can use the following two formulas to determine shareholders’ equity and they include:

Formula 1

  • Total Assets-Total Liabilities Equals Shareholders’ Equity

The fundamental accounting equation is the ist formula above. This is because it is rather simple to apply. Subtract the value of all liabilities from the total of all assets on the balance sheet. The sum of current assets, such as marketable securities, is referred to as total assets. 

Prepayments, as well as long-term investments like machinery and fixtures, are total liabilities, and you can calculate them by combining current and long-term obligations. After subtracting all liabilities from total assets, the value is what shareholders would get if the business decided to liquidate its assets as well as pay off all its obligations.

Formula 2

Shareholders’ equity and stakeholders’ do not have only one formula around it. This is because there is more than one way to get your results for shareholder equity. The formula involves;

  • Share Capital + Retained Earnings – Treasury Stock

The investor’s equation is a term used to describe the share capital technique. The above formula adds the company’s retained earnings and share capital, then subtracts the treasury shares. Retained earnings are typically the sum of the company’s cumulative profits after dividends, and the business shows this on the balance sheet’s shareholders’ equity column.

Lastly, the treasury stocks are repurchased corporate shares that are kept for resale to investors. It’s the gap between a company’s subscription shares and its outstanding shares.

Value of Equity Formula 

The value your business attributes to the company’s shareholders because they contribute to the equity is the equity value. The total number of shares outstanding is multiplied by the current share price to arrive at the equity value. A lot of people often tend to confuse the value of equity with the enterprise value of a business. Similarly, the enterprise value of a company is its total worth, which includes debt, minority shares, cash and cash equivalents, and preference shares. The formula for calculating an enterprise value is thus:

Enterprise Value = Market Capitalisation + Debt + Minority Shareholdings + Preference Shares – Cash & Cash Equivalents. 

What is the Formula for Calculating the Value of the Equity of a Business?

Note that the formula above for enterprise value is quite different from the value of equity, so when replaced with one another, it typically gives you an inaccurate result. This formula for the value of the equity of a business is thus;

  • Equity Value = Total Shares Outstanding * Current Share Price
  • Equity Value = Enterprise Value – Debt

Return of Equity Formula 

In order to arrive at the return on equity, use the formula that goes by dividing the net income by the shareholders’ equity. You can typically calculate the return on net assets by dividing a company’s assets by its debt. The return on equity is a measure of a company’s profitability and efficiency in making money. However, our focus is to use the formula to arrive at this definition.

When it comes to the stock market and investing in different firms, you’ll want to know if they’re really profitable or not for you. This is because you don’t want to invest in a business that isn’t lucrative because you won’t make any money. However, if a business is lucrative, you’ll most likely see your money rise alongside it. The return on equity (ROE) ratio and the formula are two indicators of profitability that you may use; they tell you how much profit the business can make from your money.

The ratio of net income to shareholder equity is what is typically used to calculate the return on equity (ROE). The formula for calculating ROE is below;

  • ROE Ratio = Net Income/ Shareholder’s Equity

A shareholder’s equity is the total value of all stocks that investors or shareholders possess. The representation of ROE basically appears as a percentage, while its calculation for any company, both for net income and equity, are both positive numbers. You have to calculate net income first before dividends are paid to common shareholders. 

What is equity in balance sheet?

Equity is the sum of money invested in or owned by a company’s owner. The difference between a firm’s obligations and assets on its balance sheet indicates how much equity the company has. The equity value is calculated using the share price or a value established by valuation specialists or investors.

Why is equity calculated?

It can be used to figure out a company’s profitability or the ownership stake of an investor. Capital or net worth are other names for equity.

What is in equity?

The sum of money the owner of an item would receive if they sold it and all associated debts were settled is known as equity.

What is meant by 20% equity?

This indicates that you have 20% equity in the home’s value as of the time of your acquisition. Equity is calculated as the value of your home ($200,000) less your down payment (20% of $200,000, or $40,000). Only 40% of your house is yours.

Why is it called equity?

To sum up, stocks are referred to as equities because they signify ownership in businesses. They give investors the opportunity to profit from growth while also taking on risk when the economy falters.

What is the true meaning of equity?

According to the dictionary, equity is “anything that is fair and just” or “the attribute of being fair or unbiased; fairness; impartiality.”

Understanding the Return of Equity

A company’s net income is the sum of its revenue, costs, and taxes for a certain period of time. By adding equity at the start of the period, the average shareholder’s equity is the result. However, note that the period’s beginning and ending statements should correspond to the time in which the net income is earned.

The income statement, which summarizes financial activities during the previous fiscal year, or trailing 12 months, shows net income. The balance sheet—a running balance of a company’s whole history of asset and liability changes—provides the source of shareholders’ equity. Because of the misalignment between the income statement and the balance sheet, it is regarded as best practice to compute ROE based on average equity over time.


How do you calculate equity?

 All the information needed to compute a company’s shareholder equity is available on its balance sheet. It is calculated by subtracting total liabilities from total assets. If equity is positive, the company has enough assets to cover its liabilities

What is equity in finance formula?

“Equity represents the shareholders’ stake in the company and is identified on a company’s balance sheet. The calculation of equity is a company’s total assets minus its total liabilities, and it’s used in several key financial ratios such as ROE.

What are examples of equity?

Some of the most common forms of equity include:

  • Common stock
  • Preferred stock
  • Additional paid-in capital
  • Treasury stock
  • Accumulated other comprehensive income/loss
  • Retained earnings

What is equity in simple words?

Equity is the amount of capital invested or owned by the owner of a company. Equity is evaluated by the difference between liabilities and assets recorded on the balance sheet of a company. The worthiness of equity is based on the present share price or a value regulated by the valuation professionals or investors

  1. Debt To Equity Ratio: Explained!!!, Formula, Calculations, Examples
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  3. OWNERS’ EQUITY: Definition, Formula, Calculations, and Applications
  4. EQUITY IN BUSINESS: Meaning, Examples & Market Value
  5. Equity Multiplier: Calculations, Formula, and Examples

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