Ewedu Farming in Nigeria: Detailed Guide

Photo by Mark Stebnicki

Jute, also known as Ewedu in Nigeria, is a nutritious green vegetable that grows quickly.

Ewedu farming can genuinely provide you with real money. There are more opportunities than we ever imagined around us. White collar employment appears to be the standard in our culture today, to the point where even housewives who know how much it costs to buy and cook their family meals neglect this money-making chance in Ewedu vegetable farming and pursue other opportunities.

In this essay, I will take you by the hand and show you some step-by-step tips on Ewedu farming and how you may make a fortune in this profitable yet underutilized farming.

What is Jute (Ewedu)?

Jute, commonly known as Ewedu in Nigeria, is a Malvaceae family green leafy vegetable. Corchorus olitorius is its scientific name. It is widely grown and consumed in West Africa, particularly Nigeria, where it is used to prepare soups and stews. Its leaves are high in minerals like iron, calcium, vitamins, and antioxidants, making it a favorite health food.

What is the Jute (Ewedu) Farming Business in Nigeria?

Jute (Ewedu) farming is the cultivation of the jute plant for the production of edible leaves, which are commonly consumed in Nigeria and other African countries. The plant is a hardy perennial that can thrive in a variety of soils and is drought tolerant. Jute farming is simple and requires little inputs, making it an appealing alternative for small-scale growers.

According to research, jute is an excellent source of vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber, making it a highly nutritious food. According to research, jute has a variety of possible health advantages, including anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer qualities.

Jute is a highly prolific crop that can be harvested within 6-8 weeks of sowing in terms of output yield. The plant can produce a significant number of leaves that can be collected numerous times during the growing season. A single jute plant can yield up to 300 leaves with correct management and care.

Overall, jute farming is a promising endeavor for farmers in Nigeria and Africa, owing to the strong demand for its leaves in the local market and the possibility of exporting to other nations. Farmers may produce a high-quality product that fulfills local and international standards with the correct knowledge and procedures.

Why Ewedu Farming in Nigeria?

The primary motive for starting any business is to generate a profit, and ewedu farming is quite successful in Nigeria. Although the Yoruba tribe in Nigeria consumes the most ewedu, other tribes consume the vegetable as well. The ewedu vegetable is incredibly healthy, with plenty of fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Ewedu veggie is also low in calories, making it a good choice for those looking to lose weight.

Another reason why ewedu farming in Nigeria should be considered is that it requires little capital to get started. Start your ewedu farming business on a small plot of land and then grow up to large-scale output. Apart from being consumed, ewedu leaf can also be employed in the textile industry due to its lignin content.

There are no unique environmental requirements for growing ewedu vegetables. Ewedu leaves can be planted anywhere in Nigeria. However, on well-irrigated ground, the vegetable grows faster and produces a bigger yield. When you examine the popularity and broad acceptance of this vegetable, you will see why Ewedu farming is profitable.

Types Of Jute (Ewedu) In Nigeria and Africa

Jute, also known as Ewedu (Corchorus olitorius), is a green vegetable crop that is widely grown in Nigeria and Africa. It is grown for its leaves, which are picked before flowering to obtain tender leaves. Different forms of jute can be grown in Nigeria and Africa for jute (Ewedu) farming companies, including:

  • Local jute: These are the varieties that have been grown in the area for many years.
  • Improved jute: These are newer types produced via research to have higher yields and better pest and disease resistance.
  • Wild Jute: Jute that grows spontaneously in the wild and can be found in forested areas is known as wild jute.
  • Organic Jute: Organic jute is jute that has been grown without the use of synthetic fertilizers or pesticides.
  • Hybrid Jute: Jute developed by cross-breeding two or more kinds to attain specific desirable qualities is known as hybrid jute.

Each variety of jute has distinct qualities, and farmers select the variety that is most suited to their local environment and market demand.

Things You Need To Know About Ewedu Farming In Nigeria

In general, ewedu flourishes in swampy locations because there is enough water to keep it moist and absorb nutrients. You should explore dry-season vegetable farming in Nigeria since ewedu vegetables can be highly pricey during the dry season. If you want to make a lot of money from a ewedu farming business in Nigeria, you should invest in dry-season farming.

The most important thing to remember about ewedu cultivation is that the seeds must be boiled. Boiling the seeds speeds up germination, which might take months without boiling. Plant between September and early January to get the most out of your investment in the Ewedu farming company. It may surprise you to learn that the ewedu vegetable is also consumed in the country’s north. The ewedu vegetable is known as “Ayoyo” in Hausa.

How To Start The Jute (Ewedu) Farming Business

There are a few things you should do before getting into the ewedu farming business in Nigeria. These standards are critical, especially if you plan to start a commercial ewedu farming business in Nigeria.

#1. Thorough business plan

A robust business plan is essential for large-scale ewedu farming operations in Nigeria. Your Ewedu production business plan will serve as a roadmap for your farming venture. When it comes to commercial ventures, the adage “if you don’t plan, you plan to fail” is very true.

Your ewedu farming business plan will also increase your chances of obtaining loans from the government as well as private individuals. As a result, having a business plan is critical to the success of your agricultural investment.

#2. Site preparation, selection, and planting

Following the completion of your business strategy, the next stage is to select suitable farmland for the cultivation of your crops. As previously indicated, swampy locations are best suited for ewedu vegetable cultivation in Nigeria. This is due to the fact that water is required for the optimal growth and development of Ewedu vegetables. So, when choosing land, make sure it has a high water retention capacity.

You must prepare the land for the planting of your ewedu leaf after you have chosen it. A hoe can be used to till and soften the soil. This allows the seeds to grow quickly. Spread the ewedu seeds on the surface of the tilled and softened soil before covering it with palm branches. The covering will keep birds and domestic fowl away from the seeds.

You can decide whether to apply compost or farmyard manure before planting the seeds to increase yield. The ewedu leaf can be planted at any time of the year. Plant between September and January to ensure a supply during the dry season. When boiling the seeds prior to planting, wrap them in a cloth. Before planting the seeds, make sure they are completely dry.

You can choose to evenly distribute the seeds across the farm or to drill a channel along the ridge and plant the seeds. The broadcasting strategy is ideal for commercial ewedu farming enterprises. You can create the ridge beds about 1m long and the furrows about 0.5m long.

#3. Irrigation

After planting your ewedu seeds, you need to irrigate the soil at least once a day for three weeks. Ewedu vegetables mature after 3 weeks, so you can reduce the watering to 3 times a week. Irrigation is very vital to having an abundant output on your Ewedu farm.

#4. Pests And Diseases

As shown with other crops and vegetables, ewedu is also subject to pest infestation. The stem of the ewedu leaf can be attacked by nematodes and insects like beetles. You can apply organic insecticides in order to lessen the attack of the pests. The principal illness that affects ewedu vegetable is a leaf spot disease.

#5. Harvesting Your Ewedu Vegetable

Your ewedu veggie will be available for harvest after 5 weeks of planting. You can harvest your ewedu by cutting the stem with a knife or entirely uprooting the plant from the bed. The harvest can continue for up to 5 months following the original harvest.

#6. Marketing

You should sell your ewedu vegetables right away or within a week of harvesting. To keep the vegetable fresh, keep sprinkling it with water on a regular basis. You can also keep the veggie at room temperature for storage.

If you can devote enough time to it, the ewedu farming company can be quite profitable and rewarding. You can engage in dry-season vegetable farming to ensure that this vegetable is available all year.

Challenges of the Jute (Ewedu) Farming Business in Nigeria

While farming on Ewedu, you may encounter several difficulties, and being aware of these difficulties is the first step toward avoiding them. They are as follows:

  • Pests and illnesses: Jute (Ewedu) is subject to a variety of pests and diseases, which can diminish yields and negatively impact crop quality.
  • Lack of modern farming techniques: Many farmers in Nigeria and Africa still utilize traditional farming methods, which can result in low yields and poor crop quality.
  • Limited access to finance: Farmers frequently struggle to obtain financing to invest in their fields and acquire equipment and inputs.
  • Inadequate storage facilities: Adequate storage facilities are critical for protecting crop quality and decreasing post-harvest losses.
  • Limited access to markets: Farmers frequently have difficulties accessing markets for their produce, which can result in lower prices and income.
  • Inadequate infrastructure: Farmers may find it difficult to move their produce to market due to poor road networks and transportation systems.
  • Inadequate irrigation systems: Jute (Ewedu) requires an adequate water supply to flourish, and insufficient irrigation can result in lower yields and lower crop quality.
  • Climate change: Weather patterns and extreme weather events can have an impact on crop production and quality.
  • Limited knowledge and information: Farmers frequently lack the skills and information necessary to grow jute (Ewedu) successfully and profitably.

What is Ewedu Leaf Called in Igbo?

Ewedu is botanically known as Corchorus Olitorius and is known as jute in English, achingbara in Igbo, and lalo or Rama in Hausa.

What is the Yoruba Name for Ewedu?

Jute leaf, also known as ewedu among the Yoruba, ahinghara among the Igbo, and rama among the Hausa, is a popular vegetable in West Africa.

What are the Health Benefits of Ewedu Leaf?

Some of its health benefits are as follows:

  • It is well-known for strengthening the immune system and feeding the body.
  • The inclusion of vitamins A, C, and E in jute leaf promotes collagen formation, which keeps the skin tight and beautiful.
  • It has anti-inflammatory properties.
  • It controls blood pressure.

What Does Ewedu Cure?

Ewedu is beneficial for weight loss due to its low calorific content, and it also helps to boost the immune system and fight stress and heart disease. Ewedu is a traditional medicine used to treat aches and pains, dysentery, enteritis, fever, dysentery, pectoral pains, and tumors.

Can Ewedu Cure High Blood Pressure?

Tea made from its leaves is used to treat high blood pressure, headaches, gastrointestinal issues, and high cholesterol. Potassium, vitamin B6, iron, vitamin A, vitamin C, protein, fat, carbohydrate, fiber, ash, calcium, potassium, iron, sodium, phosphorus, beta-carotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and ascorbic acid are all found in it.


Ewedu is a popular vegetable in Nigeria; however, prices fluctuate throughout the year due to changes in meteorological conditions. Nonetheless, there are novel ewedu cultivation methods that can ensure the supply of this crop all year. When investing in this business venture, this should be the focal point of your business plan. This will enhance your profit and ensure that your farm always has vegetables available for your consumers, no matter what time of year it is.


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