WHAT SHOULD BE IN A RESUME: Complete Guide[15+ Free Tips] & Proven Steps in 2023

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Even if it’s not your first time creating a resume, deciding what should be on a resume can be challenging. This is correct because not all resumes have the same sections. It depends on your level of skill and the job you’re seeking, your resume may look radically different. Whether you’re applying for a job, an internship, or a Ph.D. program, the content of each section can also be different. So read on to learn what should be in a resume, a resume cover letter, a resume summary, a resume for a teenager, and what should be in a resume for a job.

What Should Be on a Resume

Ensure your resume has everything the employer needs to ensure you are the right person for the job. The order of sections on a resume should be based on how important and relevant they are. The HR manager will naturally read from the top down, so if you have little experience but a great education, put that at the top.

The following parts are what should be on a resume:

#1. Contact Information

Put your name, address, and phone number at the top of your resume. It should be straightforward and easy to grasp.

  • Your name and address
  • E-mail address. Don’t use an email address like banana buns or hottie4u that looks unprofessional.
  • Phone numbers. Check your outgoing voicemail message to ensure it doesn’t have loud background music, slang, or bad language.
  • Include the address of your online portfolio or website.

#2. Resume Summary or Objective

Your heading statement is what comes after your contact information. Since it’s in a prominent place, the HR manager will see it first. (This means it’s one of the most important parts of a resume.) Here’s what should go in the profile section of a resume:

  • Resume Summary Statement: A short sentence that gives an overview of your work experience and relevant skills (here you can find good examples of summary of qualifications)
  • Resume Objective Statement: A short paragraph that explains your career goals and how you want to reach them at this company. On a resume, this is also called the “career objective.”

You don’t use both resume headings, so choose one. The first part of a good resume heading should be between two and four sentences long, or a neat three- or four-line paragraph. Use an objective statement if your resume doesn’t show much or any experience related to the job you’re applying for, or if you want a very specific job. If you still need to, choose the professional summary for your resume.

#3. Employment History

There are many ways to talk about your work history. The chronological format is the easiest way to do it. Start with the job you have now or the job you just left, and work your way backward. Include your job title, the name of the company you work for, and the city and state where it is located. Also include the month and year that your job started and ended. For each position, write a summary of what you did and what you accomplished. Most of the time, the education section of your resume will go right after (below) the section about your work history.

#4. Education Section

But if you just graduated, are writing an academic CV, or are a professional going back to school, move this section just below your resume’s introduction Here’s what to put in the education section of a resume:

  • Type of degree, like associate, bachelor’s, master’s, etc.  
  • Degree major- for example, engineering, computer science, or robotics.
  • School name: Your school’s name, followed by the city and state.
  • Extras: Do you want to be noticed? Add important things as subsections, like:
  • Relevant coursework
  • Projects and achievements
  • Prizes and awards
  • Clubs and other organizations
  • Scholarships

Don’t list your high school diploma if you already have a degree. But if you haven’t or if you’re still working on it, be sure to say so. Also, dates might not be included, especially if you went to school more than 10 years ago.

#5. Other Information

Include information that is important to the job you are applying for. This could include memberships in organizations, volunteer work, military experience, computer skills, awards, and hobbies. Don’t talk about your religious, political, or other controversial beliefs unless they have something to do with the job you want.

What Should Be in a Resume Cover Letter

Here are six easy steps of What Should Be on a Resume Cover Letter. In the sections that follow, we’ll give you more information about what to put in each area.

#1. Start With Your Header.

You should add a few bits of personal and role-specific information at the beginning of your resume cover letter, just like any typical business letter header, to make it easy for a prospective employer or recruiter to follow up with you. If you choose, you can center your name and address at the top of the page, just like on your résumé.


  • Your name 
  • Your city and ZIP code 
  • Your phone number 
  • Your email address
  • Date
  • Name of recipient 
  • Title of recipient
  • Company name 
  • Company address

#2. Include a Greeting

You should add a few bits of personal and role-specific information at the beginning of your resume cover letter, just like any typical business letter header, to make it easy for a prospective employer or recruiter to follow up with you. You can put your name and address in the middle at the top of the document, just like on your resume, if you want to.


Dear Hiring Manager,

Dear Smith Jaden,

#3. Write an Opening Paragraph

Include the job title you’re applying for and where you read the job advertisement in the first paragraph. Show that you’ve done your research by talking about why you’re interested in the job and the company. The initial piece of your resume cover letter is also the reader’s first impression of you, so it’s critical to appeal to that person swiftly and succinctly.

#4. Add a Second Paragraph

In your second paragraph, give a short summary of your background and how it matches up with the job. Include your most important accomplishments, skills, and specialties that make you a good fit for the job. Focus on one or two and give specific details about how you did well, such as how it was measured.

Pay attention to the keywords in the job description and use the ones that apply to you in the body of your cover letter. You should only talk about the most recent work experiences on your resume.

#5. Finish With a Closing Paragraph

The last paragraph should focus on another important accomplishment or skill that is important for the job. Instead of repeating information from your resume, tell a short or anecdotal story that shows you’re a good fit for the job. If you’re switching careers, now is a great moment to include any relevant skills or professional experiences.

#6. End With a Professional Signoff

At the end of your resume cover letter, you should write a paragraph that sums up why you want the job and why you would be a good fit. Keep the end of your cover letter short, and say that you’re looking forward to hearing from the employer about possible next steps. Sign your name at the conclusion of the letter.

What Should Be in a Resume Summary

As we’ve already said, a good resume summary should make an employer want to read the rest of your resume. That’s If it is successful, it has accomplished its objective. Fortunately, there are a few pointers and ideas on what should be included in a resume summary.

Before writing:

  • After writing other resume parts, create your resume summary. After writing other CV sections, it’s surprisingly easy. Simply choose the most impressive statistics.
  • Choose the most important terms from the job description to tailor your resume summary. Start with the job listing. Reread and identify essential terms. These words best define the job, relevant abilities, and an ideal candidate. Consider how your skills and experiences relate before writing. This increases your chances of passing company ATS systems.

Once you start writing:

  • Title the first bullet point. Include years of experience. You want to present yourself professionally instantly. You can also make it bold. “Certified Project Management Professional with over 4 years of experience,” for instance.
  • Rewrite your resume’s top 3-4 points into punchy bullet points. Tease your potential employer. Did you receive an award for providing excellent customer service? Maybe achieve 95% sales targets for five years? Your resume should start with them!
  • Number each accomplishment. Each bullet point should have tangible data. Employ amazing sales statistics, percentages, or numbers. It shows the recruiting manager your previous work performance. Numbers are attention-grabbing. Use it.
  • Summarize your offerings. Remember their wants instead of yours. Give the company your values. Search for job-related skills and similar threads in your work experience.

What Should Be in a Resume for a Teenager

When you’re writing a resume for a teenager, it’s important to include all the important information in a standard format. At the very least, your resume should have your contact information and a list of your experience and education.

After that, most sections are optional. For example, you don’t have to include a skills section or an objective, but you can if you want to. here is the list of what should be on a resume for a teenager

  • Highlight academic achievements. You spend a lot of time in the classroom. As a teenager, put the most weight on things like a high GPA or academic awards in your resume. List any classes you’ve taken that are related to the job you’re applying for.
  • Emphasize extracurricular activities. Since you probably don’t have much work experience, you should highlight what you do outside of work. Some examples are clubs, sports, babysitting, or volunteer work. All of these things are ways to show what you can do.
  • Include any experience you have had as a leader. Have you ever been in charge of a club, the student government, or a sports team? Include this experience in your resume because it shows how good a leader you are as a teenager.

What Should Be in a Resume for a Job

Experience, talents, and work background are what should be on a resume for a job. Highlight your abilities, qualifications, and work ethic on your CV. If you’re a student without work experience, highlight your school and community activities.

#1. Personal Details

  • Name Currently and permanently 
  • Phone number
  • E-mail address

#2. Objective

  • Summarize your job search goal in one short statement.
  • The goal statement needs to relate to the job you’re applying for.. Highlighting your expertise in the goal statement is also useful.


  •  I’m looking for a job as a social worker who works with the elderly.
  • Seeking work that will allow me to put my counseling, research, and proposal writing talents to use.

#3. Education

  • The name of the high school
  • State and city
  • Graduation date
  • The Highlights of the Course (courses directly related to the job or your career field and special abilities)
  • Certificates

Summer jobs, internships, and volunteer work (include position title, company/organization, city/state, dates, and a summary of job duties)

#5. Awards and Honors

Academic, musical, athletic, or another acclaim. (Include the name of the award/honor, the person who bestowed it, and the date it was bestowed.)

#6. Activities/Hobbies

  • Specify your job, the organization, and the dates.
  • Example
  • Shorewood High School Basketball Team Captain, 2000-2005

#7. Skills

  • Soft skills: (being responsible, loyal, hardworking, energetic, outgoing.)
  • Hard skills (research and writing, Microsoft Word 98, Microsoft Publisher 2000, Public speaking.)

#8. References (3-5 individuals)

  • Teacher/professor 
  • Work supervisor current or past)
  • A character reference (Pastor, Headmaster, youth group leader, or someone who knows you well)
  • Add your name, your relationship to you, your organization, and your contact phone numbers.

#9. Other Considerations

  • Your CV should be no more than one or two pages long.
  • Do not mention your birth date, health status, or social security number.
  • Avoid using personal pronouns like “I.” Use action verbs to start sentences.
  • Be truthful, but avoid putting anything negative on your CV.
  • Make sure your resume is error-free. Get it proofread by someone else.
  • Choose a 10-14 point font that is straightforward and easy to read.
  • Make use of high-quality paper.

Which 3 Things Are Most Important for a Resume?

  • Job Experience. Your employment history is one of the most critical aspects of your resume to a potential employer.
  • Educational Experience
  • Special Skills and Experience
  • Volunteer Work
  • Personal Qualities.

What Do Employers Look For in a Resume?

Employers will look for specific accomplishments, with numbers and results, on your resume. If you already have a job, you should start keeping track of your work progress and finding ways to measure your successes, such as sales, getting tasks done more quickly, or making processes better.

What Are the 5 Golden Rules of Resume Writing?

  • Rule 1: Consider Before You Type…
  • Rule 2: Write your professional profile last.
  • Rule 3: Summarize Your Duties.
  • Rule 4: Make accomplishments your primary focus.
  • Rule 5: Write for your reader.

What Is the Difference Between CV and Resume?

While the CV provides a comprehensive history of your academic credentials, the length of the document varies. A resume, on the other hand, gives a clear picture of your skills and qualities for certain employment, therefore the measurement is typically shorter and dictated by years of experience.

What Are the 3 F’s of Resume Writing?

Function, Form(at), and (e)Ffectiveness are the three F’s of resume writing. When these three elements are present in the resume at the same time, it becomes an ideal fit for the role you’re applying for.


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