ACCOUNTANT: Duties, Roles, Salary & Types

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Do you automatically link the job title of accounting with taxes? That is what some accountants do, but there are other kinds of accountants as well. Accountants have a full schedule, from audit preparation to reviewing financial documents. They may work 40 hours a week some years, but they may also work a lot of overtime. So, if money is more important to you than maintaining a work-life balance, choose a career in accounting. In this article, we are going to discuss in detail about an accountant, including their duties, salary, and likey terms on accounting including chartered, receivable, and certified management accountant. Let’s get to it!

What Is an Accountant?

A professional who conducts accounting activities such as account analysis, auditing, or financial statement analysis is referred to as an accountant. Accountants work for accounting firms or in internal accounting divisions of large corporations. They may also establish their own, unique practices. These professions are certified by national professional associations after meeting state-specific educational and testing standards.

Types of Accountants

When it comes to the accounting area, you should be aware that it is divided into several sections, some of which are as follows:

#1. Staff Accountant

A staff accountant is an excellent choice for someone with a bachelor’s degree in accounting who desires a range of jobs. Staff accountants often report to a CPA and are responsible for preparing financial reports and analyzing financial data. A staff accountant may also be entrusted with managing accounts payable and receivable, preparing a budget, and reconciling bank accounts, depending on the size of the firm.

#2. Certified Public Accountant

Although certified public accountants (CPAs) are best known for their work on federal and state taxes, they are responsible for much more. A CPA may be employed to supervise an organization’s staff accountants in numerous industries. A CPA is generally regarded as an organization’s financial counsel because of their long, concentrated education that necessitated the passing of specialized exams. They may also be in charge of audits or evaluations.

#3. Investment Accountant

An investment accountant is another fantastic accounting job option outside of taxation. An investment accountant works in the financial industry, typically for a brokerage firm or asset management organization.

#4. Project Accountants

Accounting project managers are recruited to work on specific projects. They may be a long-term employee or a contractor brought in particularly to manage one specific purpose, depending on the business for which they are engaged. Of course, a solid working relationship for a single project can lead to both recurring business and referrals.

#5. Cost Accountant

A cost accountant’s purpose, like that of a project accountant, is to help assure cost efficiency. A cost accountant, on the other hand, is frequently employed on a project basis by firms that need help managing their supply chain profitability and budgets.

#6. Management Accountant

A management accountant examines an organization’s financial situation and how it may affect the company. The management account may then provide specific advise on how to improve the financial health of the firm. Budgeting, external financial reporting, risk management, and profitability evaluations are all responsibilities of management accountants.

What does an Accountant do?

Accountants’ tasks might range from reviewing financial papers and conducting financial audits to reconciling bank statements and computing taxes when filing annual returns. Other jobs and skills that an accountant should conduct and possess are as follows:


  • Keep track of all accounting transactions.
  • Make budget projections.
  • Timely publication of financial statements
  • Handle closings on a monthly, quarterly, and annual basis.
  • Accounts payable and receivable must be reconciled.
  • Ensure that bank payments are made on schedule.
  • Prepare tax returns and compute taxes
  • Balance sheets and profit/loss statements must be managed.
  • Provide information about the company’s financial health and liquidity.
  • Financial transactions and records must be audited.
  • Maintain financial data confidentiality and backup databases as needed.
  • Observe financial policies and regulations

Requirements and skills:

  • Experience as an Accountant
  • Outstanding understanding of accounting standards and processes, including Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP).
  • Experience with accounting tools such as FreshBooks and QuickBooks
  • Excel advanced skills, including Vlookups and pivot tables
  • Knowledge of general ledger functions
  • Strong attention to detail and analytical abilities
  • BSc in Accounting, Finance, or a related field
  • Additional certification (CPA or CMA) is an advantage.

Salary of an Accountant

The average annual salary for an Accountant is $39,310 as of April 17, 2023. In case you need a quick salary calculation, that works out to about $18.90 per hour. This equates to $755 per week or $3,275 per month. The majority of an accountant salary presently range from $33,494 (25th percentile) to $45,882 (75th percentile), with the highest earners (90th percentile) earning $52,764 per year. The average salary range for an Accountant ranges substantially (up to $12,388), implying that there may be several prospects for growth and higher income dependent on skill level, location, and years of experience.

Who Is a Chartered Accountant (CA)?

A chartered accountant (CA) is an international accounting credential that is awarded to accounting professionals in numerous nations other than the United States. A certified public accountant (CPA) is the equivalent of a chartered accountant (CA) in the United States. The regular responsibilities of a chartered accountant include examining financial statements, preparing corporate tax forms, and offering financial advice. To work as a chartered accountant in the United States, you must have specified credentials that demonstrate you are qualified to file a business’s tax return, audit financial statements, and business processes, and provide client advisory services, among other accounting duties.

What Does a Chartered Accountant Do?

A chartered accountant is a highly educated professional with numerous job tasks that vary based on the sector of accountancy in which they practice. A chartered accountant can operate in four different areas:

  • Taxation: Tax accounting is concerned with the preparation of tax returns and the payment of taxes by individuals, firms, corporations, and other entities. This area of accounting focuses on income or revenue, tax deductions, charitable contributions, and any investment gains or losses.
  • Financial accounting and reporting: Financial accounting and reporting (FAR) oversee all education and general funds, designated funds, auxiliary funds, restricted funds, and agency money. Accountants in FAR are responsible for keeping a thorough awareness of the rules and regulations as well as offering technical support to enterprises and organizations.
  • Applied finance: The practical application of financial knowledge and processes is known as applied finance. Chartered accountants in this subsector provide lucrative financial models and suggestions for corporations and other organizations.
  • Management accounting: Management accounting, often known as “managerial accounting,” is a consulting practice in which chartered accountants use a company’s or organization’s financial data to inform smart decision-making and to aid in the management and performance of their control tasks.

Accountants can work in any of these four key areas of accounting, and depending on their level of experience, they may even supervise a corporation’s or business’s complete accounting needs.

Who is an Accounts Receivable Accountant?

An accounts receivable accountant is responsible to ensure that their organization receives payments for goods and services and to record these transactions appropriately. Your responsibilities as an accounts receivable accountant include issuing an invoice or billing statement for each payment due to a company, tracking incoming cash flow, and reporting late transactions.

You record each payment in the department ledger and note odd account activity in addition to billing obligations. If you are a senior employee, you may examine clerks’ work and verify payment records at the end of each day. An accounts receivable accountant usually use software to manage their recordkeeping duties. In some circumstances, you may need to contact consumers or clients regarding outstanding debts.

How to Get a Job as an Accounts Receivable Accountant

A degree, professional certification, and knowledge of basic spreadsheet or accounting software are normally required to become an accounts, receivable accountant. To become a certified accountant, you must have a bachelor’s degree in accounting, bookkeeping, or finance. Accounts receivable clerks with a postsecondary certificate or associate’s degree, or expertise in a billing department, may be hired by some employers. Working in a related profession, such as collections or retail bookkeeping, can also help you build skills and experience for a job as an accounts receivable accountant.

Who is a Certified Management Accountant (CMA)?

A certified management accountant is a financial expert who has acquired the Institute of Management Accountants’ (IMA) Certified Management Accountant (CMA) credential. A CMA often works in corporate finance or managerial roles in business under numerous job titles such as corporate accountant, financial analyst, cost accountant, risk manager, industrial accountant, controller, CFO, and other financial management related occupations.

CMAs assist top executives in making strategic decisions regarding a company’s future based on financial data and information, which can assist an organization in developing long-term strategies and better allocating funds. A CMA in an executive position may also make financial choices for a company.

What do a Certified Management Accountant do?

A certified management accountant analyzes financial data and financial statements gathered both internally and externally to better manage a company’s finances, develop strategic business plans, assess risk, and identify investment possibilities, among other things. A certified management accountant’s purpose is to prepare for a company’s future while both monitoring and maintaining its current financial health. A qualified management accountant may collaborate with other accountants, managers, or stakeholders in a business to develop financial goals and strategies.

How to Become an Accountant?

It takes a lot of preparation to become a trustworthy financial advisor. Here’s where to begin:

#1. Get a degree

Accountants are normally required to have a bachelor’s degree.

#2. Earn an advanced degree as well.

Some businesses may even prefer that their accountants have a master’s degree in accounting or business administration with a specialty in accounting, however this is not needed. Some universities and colleges offer a combined bachelor’s and master’s degree program that lasts five years.

#3. Take the certified public accountant exam

The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants administers the CPA exam in four parts. The standards differ by state, and some need you to take an ethics exam as well.

#4. Keep up with continuing education

A CPA license requires continuing professional education, and you must renew your license on a regular basis.

Do Accountants Make a Lot of Money?

Accountants can earn a good living, especially if they work in one of the sub-sectors, cities, or places indicated below. It is a job that is required in almost all industries and, in most cases, all businesses. To begin a career in accounting, most people just require a bachelor’s degree.

Is Accounting a Good Job for Introverts?

Introverts fare well in accounting because many occupations demand little to no interaction with others. Accounting professions for introverts, for the most part, do not involve much social engagement. Working with clients and presenting findings to management via reports, emails, or e-meetings are common forms of contact.

What are the 5 Roles of Accountant?

The department has five basic roles or functions, which are as follows:

  • Accounts receivable.
  • Accounts payable.
  • Payroll.
  • Financial controls.
  • Financial reporting.

Does Accounting Require Math?

In their first two years of study, all accounting students must complete Algebra and Statistics courses.

What are the 3 Types of Accounting? 

Cost accounting, managerial accounting, and financial accounting are the three categories of accounting. Although all three accounting systems are essential to the smooth operation of a corporation, their meanings and objectives differ.

Do Accountants Need to be Good at Math?

Yes. Accountants must have strong quantitative and analytical skills, which you already possess. Accountants spend a significant amount of time tackling problems that integrate quantitative analysis, company strategy, legal perspectives, and economic concerns.

Which Country is Best for Accountants? 

Switzerland’s high ranking on this list comes as no surprise given its status as one of the world’s most prominent financial centers. Switzerland is one of the most sought-after countries for accountants, with an economy based on finance, banking, and professional services.

How do I Know if I Like Accounting?

You might also consider your interests and how they relate to a job in accounting. Accounting may be a good career for you if you appreciate arithmetic, data analysis, logical thinking, and conveying information to others.

What Type of People Should be Accountants?

Accountants must be able to synthesize and express complex ideas in basic, straightforward terms. They also enjoy working in groups. If you’ve ever done group projects, been on a sports team, or done volunteer work, you know how much fun it is to work together to achieve a goal.

What Type of Accountant are in Most Demand?

Top in-demand accounting jobs includes:

  • Managerial Accountant.
  • Auditor.
  • Information Technology Accountants.
  • Forensic Accountants.
  • Financial Analysts.
  • Financial Controller.
  • Chief Financial Officer.
  • Money Matters.


Take the next steps towards a career in accounting using this well-detailed guide right here. We have done justice and also listed some options you can explore while in this field. It’s now up to you to choose the best that works for you and go with it. Goodluck!


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