FARM EQUIPMENT: Types Of Farm Equipment And Their Uses

farm equipment
Image Credit: University of Maryland Extension

Many farm equipment is available to help farmers with their work. From small hand tools to large tractors, there is a tool to help with every task on the farm. In this article, we outline some of the most common types of farm equipment, their names, uses, and even magazine(s) you can read. So relax and continue reading!

What Is Farm Equipment?

Farm equipment refers to the various tools and machines used on a farm to perform many tasks. These tasks include tilling the soil, planting and harvesting crops, and caring for livestock. Some common pieces of farm equipment include tractors, combine harvesters, and plows.

Meanwhile, farm equipment has been around for centuries, with early examples dating back to the Roman Empire. Throughout history, farm equipment has undergone several changes and innovations, with the most significant changes occurring in the last few hundred years. With the creation of new technologies, farm equipment has become increasingly sophisticated, allowing farmers to increase their productivity and efficiency.

Types of Farm Equipment And Their Uses

There are many types of farm equipment names, each with its uses. Some of the most common are tractors, combine harvesters, plows, harrows, cultivators, sprayers, rakes, balers, sickles, mowers, backhoes, broadcast spreaders, and transplanters.

#1. Tractor

A tractor is a vehicle designed to deliver a high tractive effort at slow speeds to haul a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction. Most commonly, the term tractor refers to the agricultural tractor for pulling agricultural implements like plows, harrows, and trailers for agricultural purposes. 

The agricultural tractor is also for towing farming machinery, such as combines and balers, on the tractor. It typically has a large engine and four wheels.

#2. Combine Harvester

A combine harvester is a machine for harvesting and threshing crops. It has a cutting platform that helps cut the crops and a threshing mechanism that separates the grains from the straw. A tractor pulls it to harvest grain crops. 

A combine harvester is a very efficient machine, and it can harvest a large number of crops in a short time. It is an essential piece of equipment for farmers who grow grain crops. Hence, a combine harvester is a time-saving equipment that allows farmers to harvest their crops quickly and efficiently.

#3. Plow

A plow is a tool that farmers use to till the soil. This is to turn over the top layer of soil, which allows oxygen and water to reach the roots of plants. Plows are also for burying crop residues and controlling weeds. There are many different plows, but they all serve the same purpose.

Meanwhile, horses typically pull plows, but some farmers use tractors. The type of plow that a farmer uses will depend on the type of soil and the size of the farm. For example, a farmer with a small farm may use a manual plow, while a farmer with a large farm may use a tractor-drawn plow.

#4. Harrow

Harrows are a type of farm equipment that serve many purposes. One common use for a harrow is to break up clumps of soil, making it easier for planting and cultivation. Harrows can also help level out a field or to remove debris and weeds.

There are many different types of harrows, each for a specific purpose. For example, disk harrows break up large clumps of soil, while chain harrows are better for leveling out a field. So, no matter the type you choose, it is an essential piece of equipment for any farmer.

#5. Cultivator

A cultivator is also a farm equipment for tilling the soil. This is typically to prepare the soil for planting. The cultivator will loosen and aerate the soil, as well as remove any weeds or other unwanted growth. This allows the plants to get the nutrients they need and results in a healthier crop.

Many types of cultivators are available, and the best one for your needs depends on the size and type of your farm. For smaller farms, a hand-held cultivator may be sufficient. For larger farms, a tractor-mounted cultivator may be necessary. 

Many different attachments can be added to a cultivator to customize it for your specific needs. Thus, all these help you to get the most out of your land and ensure a healthy, bountiful crop.

#6. Sprayer

A sprayer aids in applying water, pesticides, and other chemicals to crops. Sprayers come in many sizes and can be mounted on a tractor, ATV, or UTV. Many farmers use sprayers to apply herbicides to their fields before planting. In addition, sprayers aid in applying insecticides and fungicides to crops.

#7. Rake

A rake is a farm tool that gathers hay, straw, or leaves, and to loosen or level soil. There are several types of rakes, including the hay rake, garden rake, and leaf rake. However, the hay rake is for gathering and collecting hay, while the garden rake is for loosening and leveling soil. Then, the leaf rake is for gathering and collecting leaves.

#8. Baler

A baler helps to compress crops such as hay or straw. This is to make it easier to store and transport crops. Balers can be either hand-operated or tractor-operated. 

The tractor-operated balers are much larger and can compress a greater crop at once. Therefore, balers are essential equipment for farmers who harvest crops such as hay or straw.

#9. Sickle

A sickle is a curved blade for cutting grass or crops. It is a handheld tool that farmers use most time. Sickles have been used for thousands of years and farmers are still using them in many parts of the world.

The sickle is a very versatile tool and can serve various tasks. You can use it to cut grass, weeds, and crops, as well as clear brush and trimming hedges. In a nutshell, sickles are a useful tool for farmers and can make a big difference in the time it takes to complete a task.

#10. Mower

Mowers are one of the most essential pieces of farm equipment. They are for cutting grass, hay, and other vegetation. There are many different types of mowers, each with unique features and benefits.

The most common type of mower is the rotary mower. Rotary mowers have a spinning blade that cuts vegetation as it rotates. These mowers are very versatile and you can use them for several applications.

Another type is the flail mower. Flail mowers have a series of blades that spin around a central shaft. These mowers are great for cutting thick vegetation and in applications where a rotary mower cannot handle the workload.

#11. Backhoe

A backhoe does many tasks; digging trenches, and holes, or moving heavy objects. Backhoes are also grade land or remove trees, stumps, and other obstacles.

Typically, a tractor helps to drive backhoes, although some models are self-propelled. They are available in different sizes, depending on the one you want. Some backhoes have a bucket on the front and a backhoe on the rear, while others only have a backhoe.

Backhoes are an essential piece of equipment for many farmers and ranchers. They can save a lot of time and labor and can make tasks that would be otherwise impossible, possible.

#12. Broadcast Spreader

A broadcast spreader is for spreading seeds, fertilizer, or other materials over a large area. Broadcast spreaders are often mounted on tractors or ATVs, and can cover large fields quickly.

Broadcast spreaders are also an essential tool for farmers and ranchers who need to cover large areas with seed, fertilizer, or other materials. With a broadcast spreader, farmers can cover a field in a short period. In other words, broadcast spreaders are a vital farming tool for anyone who needs to cover a large area quickly and efficiently.

#13. Transplanter

A transplanter helps to transplant seedlings or young plants from one place to another. Both a tractor and a person can push or pull a transplanter. It has a hopper that holds the seedlings or young plants. 

The hopper connects to a series of tubes that plant the seedlings or young plants in the ground. Additionally, transplanters have a device that helps space the seedlings or young plants evenly as they are being planted.

What Is The Most Common Farm Equipment? 

The most common type of farm equipment is tractors. Tractors cover many tasks on a farm, such as plowing, tilling, and harvesting. Others include combines, balers, plows, mowers, planters, and sprayers.

What Are The Names Of Farm Equipment Used To Move Crops?

The names of farm equipment used to move crops are tractors, combine harvesters, and balers. Tractors pull equipment such as combines and balers and combine harvesters cut and collect crops, such as wheat and corn. And lastly, balers compress crops such as hay.

What Equipment Do You Need To Be A Farmer? 

To be a farmer, first, you need land to grow your crops or raise your animals. You also need the appropriate equipment to plant, cultivate, and harvest your crops or to care for your animals. The type of equipment you need depends on the farming type.

For example, if you grow crops, you need a tractor to plow the fields, a planter to plant the seeds, and a combine to harvest the crops. If you raise livestock, you need a barn or shelter for the animals, a water source, and feed. You also need the equipment to care for the animals, such as a tractor to move hay, a feeder to dispense feed, and a water trough.

What Equipment Does A Small Farm Need? 

A small farm needs a lot of the same equipment as a large farm but on a smaller scale. They need a tractor to plow their fields, a combine to harvest their crops, and a planter to plant their seeds. They also need a barn to store their equipment in, and a silo to store their grain.

Where Can I Get Farm Equipment Magazine?

Farm Equipment magazine is available in print and online. To get the print magazine, you can either subscribe or find it at newsstands and grocery stores. Then, to read the online version, you can go to the website and create a free account.

Farm Equipment magazine covers a wide range of topics related to farming and ranching. Each issue includes articles on new equipment, tips for using and maintaining equipment, and profiles of successful farmers and ranchers. The magazine also features regular columns on irrigation, crop production, and pasture management.

What Farm Tools Are? 

Farm tools are the tools that farmers use to plant, grow, and harvest their crops. These tools are mostly hand-held or manually, and they are essential for farmers to do their job efficiently. Some common farm tools include shovels, hoes, rakes, and forks.

What Is The Best Farming Tool? 

There is no definitive answer, as it depends on the individual’s needs and preferences. However, some popular farming tools include a tractor, harvester, seeder, and cultivating tool.

What Farm Tools Can Be Weapons?

Farm tools that can be weapons include pitchforks, shovels, rakes, axes, scythes or sickles, hoes, crowbars, etc.

Wrapping Up

Today, many types of farm equipment are available to farmers. This equipment serves numerous purposes, including planting, harvesting crops, and caring for livestock. As a farmer, you should select the right equipment for your needs, as each has its strengths and weaknesses. However, you can read farm equipment magazine(s) to pick the right equipment to improve your efficiency and productivity.


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